Updating the people that I have now, today at 2:25 AM West Coast Time (5:25 AM Eastern Standard Time) on January 20, 2017 successfully tweeted (yesterday first list below). The list consists of an address via sign @ and than to Nouns Name and or associated organization for thoroughality on Twitter and as exampled by the president-elect Donald Trump as the most proper form for speedy return and or response as shown by the national and local media in The United States of America today (21st Century the year 2017 (MMXVII) is the current year month January starting on Sunday (dominical letter A) of the Gregorian calendar, the 2017th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 17th year of the 3rd millennium, the 17th year of the 21st century, and the 8th year of the 2010s decade.~https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2017).
Updating the people that I have now, today at 2:25 AM West Coast Time (5:25 AM Eastern Standard Time) on January 20, 2017 successfully tweeted (yesterday first list below). The list consists of an address via sign @ and than to Nouns Name and or associated organization for thoroughality on Twitter and as exampled by the president-elect Donald Trump as the most proper form for speedy return and or response as shown by the national and local media in The United States of America today (21st Century the year 2017 (MMXVII) is the current year month January starting on Sunday (dominical letter A) of the Gregorian calendar, the 2017th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 17th year of the 3rd millennium, the 17th year of the 21st century, and the 8th year of the 2010s decade.~https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2017).
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the year. For the number, see 2017 (number) § Selected numbers in the range 2001–2999.
2017 (MMXVII) is the current year, and is a common year starting on Sunday (dominical letter A) of the Gregorian calendar, the 2017th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 17th year of the 3rd millennium, the 17th year of the 21st century, and the 8th year of the 2010s decade.
|Ab urbe condita||2770|
|British Regnal year||65 Eliz. 2 – 66 Eliz. 2|
|Chinese calendar||丙申年 (Fire Monkey)|
4713 or 4653
— to —
丁酉年 (Fire Rooster)
4714 or 4654
|- Vikram Samvat||2073–2074|
|- Shaka Samvat||1938–1939|
|- Kali Yuga||5117–5118|
|Japanese calendar||Heisei 29|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 106|
|Thai solar calendar||2560|
|Unix time||1483228800 – 1514764799|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 2017.|
2017 has been designated as:
- International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development by the United Nations General Assembly.
Predicted and scheduled events
- June 10 – The 2017 World Expo will open in Astana, Kazakhstan.
- September 15 – The spacecraft Cassini-Huygens, after having studied Saturn for 13 years, will be disposed of by plunging into Saturn's atmosphere.
- December – The ESA's CHEOPS exoplanet-hunting satellite will be launched, the first in the agency's long-term Cosmic Vision programme.
- The European Extreme Light Infrastructure project intends to complete its nuclear physics research hub, housing the world's most powerful laser in Romania in 2017.
- The United States plans to deploy additional missile interceptors on its Pacific coast by 2017 to defend against North Korean ballistic missiles.
- International scientists intend to complete the world's first fully synthetic yeast, intended for use in the production of medicines and biofuels, by 2017.
Main article: Deaths in 2017
Further information: Category:2017 deaths
- January 1
- January 2
- January 3 – Igor Volk, Ukrainian-born Russian cosmonaut (b. 1937)
- January 4
- January 6
- January 7
- January 8
- January 9
- January 10
- January 11 – François Van der Elst, Belgian footballer (b. 1954)
- January 12
- January 13
- January 14 – Zhou Youguang, Chinese linguist (b. 1906)
- January 15 – Jimmy Snuka, Fijian-born American professional wrestler (b. 1943)
- January 16 – Eugene Cernan, American astronaut (b. 1934)
- January 18 – Peter Abrahams, South African-born Jamaican writer (b. 1919)
- January 19 – Miguel Ferrer, American actor (b. 1955)
Karen A. Placek @set_zero 7m7 minutes ago
@POTUS KAP-not football-https://plus.google.com/116522120854088398497 … …
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Karen A. Placek @set_zero 4h4 hours ago
@GasiaKTVU my name is Karen A. Placek, this is an FYI. I, Karen A. Placek have tweeted your associate Mike Mibach @MibachKTVU.
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Karen A. Placek @set_zero 4h4 hours ago
@MibachKTVU you are on my board at …http://thesecretoftheuniversechoice.blogspot.com/2017/01/po-lo-in-park.html … also.
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Karen A. Placek @set_zero 4h4 hours ago
@MibachKTVU as you are a Reporter for KTVU you are on my google+ for the https://plus.google.com/116522120854088398497 …
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Karen A. Placek - Google+
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Posted:2016-12-22 06:04:52 UTC-08:00Walk to the place that the sphere is in that bench graced by the venture of these earthly sleeves,as the portion of what was beautified sure that scene to who is a hug and not that human dream,stride dancing to know that the moon's are not needed in the sky,for width the Sun as clouds shown are only a space of greater Means!!Rivers bank to sounding so far that a path of memory will speak a gentle breeze,each path true touch ground at that floors ride not the why,disappointed too,well earth and people have stopped meeting,no more twin flames to shine in a shore that stands a beach to wave to a read!!Vikings at the Egyptian I memory,from here to ears more than corn or bisque cheers,happiness is hold to a greater fact,these are the days of death in black,more in calm,a love that begun!!Grief might in slate to a chalk outline,yes indeed,slabs of marble to the Granite tea,chiseled Wells how deep is the Clyde,a weight toes!!Knives and splitters yet that is the lumber of kind,nature grants such perfection,lives on a fly`d,across the fathom is a dimension of patience and a can,slow lead,no loneliness to Tide!!On the Watch is I,the coal the ember the fight,fire is eternal to infinity be side!!Harbors are not soles kept to growing only Exits and Moles,green sleeves with the harp at strings song,horns on the fulled.Sounds no Echo,truth and honor forest redwoods in sway,how beautiful is life,each every,individual the sight.
Posted:2016-12-22 06:03:14 UTC-08:00
The education of the body and the soul of the human being is a very important part to state of what the Catholic Church portrays to the public and the World at-large. Many have died during exorcisms and at that price the Catholic Church speaks little on the subject, but has in text said many things on the fact that as part of their work they are saving the soul and not the body during the possession. Should this happen and has it has many people have died from this exact clatter and the Catholic Church still does these at practices in with many a exorcisms still on their book of biblical took, I put forward the following as evidence to be so frank that the proof will bring the Catholic's and Christians to term, as they are murderers.
Should the reincarnation of a person be of ancient matter, and as the Church is 2000 Years on the span of their behavior, than you can now imagine that the possession would indeed produce latin or aramaic speaking person's, and as many Catholic's state proof of possession through means of the language, often recorded for their proof to the public spat I statute to that same public, and I base that statute on only one word, life is speaking, it is old and often tortured from thousands of turns on the humans lunge. Saying that the words and the language are unexplained to the Times, modern or not is how the Churches prove that the person is truly possessed, this has been their major evidence to produce to the public as their evidence. Now should the person be reincarnated would not these languages be part of the vocab as that would also prove a reincarnated life and also prove the origin or source point. As most of the Catholic exorcisms bring the spoken tongue of Latin and/or Arabic in as evidence, and as that was the spoken language in Europe during even more tumultuous times, than the obvious would in fact be resident as one in the same, no demon needed just a reincarnated person that is still in disagreement with the church and its practices.
The Catholic and the Christian has for many thousands of years done such things that even today the average people believe anything that is said and certainly is entertained by more, however I bring Emily Rose in as self-evident and not as an enticement. The story is available in a theater performance to explain in quick-study of review, it is simple to watch and understand so that opinion may bring envelope and questions to who decides to reach a posture of growth and not just the stall of reservation. As most people wish the drama to provide the shop of horrors that makes dinner conversation a text, this will provide the text for dinner conversation. Should the Church in fashionable address want to trap a soul than reinvent the wheel for what is control, yet that cannot be the entire subject, as should a reincarnated soul return to the world in natural birth than so would the memories of their long or lasting lives. Should the ghostbusters bump grit to a shore in the jar of an Egyptian, than the release and capture would grain to the oats of the Times at the bridge of be tangle. Reserve explanation in detail, for most of humanity has left for Brunch leaving only those that would stand for all the lives left and not only the ones that are good enough to have stepped. Therefore should to many people testify to reincarnation, and than a bundle of those set speak as I do, than the Churches would be or would have been held accountable long ago for many million murdered at such a time that the proof would have become overwhelming and by such the church would have been closed.
The common ground for exorcisms is reliant on the same venture of the priest or pastor or minister of the church at-hand, to save the soul not the body. Proof is evident again, through in-common study done to history and search on subject to subject as there have been many recorded cases that remain unsolved as the church is never held accountable. Where is in some cases the Priest may be held to task, the Church itself denies the action and inasmuch goes free for the murder.
The basic proof of activity in the words on-line found in describe for your convenience to read below and in quotes is indeed included, however as many people turn their heads don't feel bad, this has been happening and in turn happened for thousands of years, and, the church has always won, no appeal needed. Their cast of characters to the support of congregation has made murder a book by numbers and can be purchased, read and followed by any that go to such places to buy the information, or you may even be educated by your Pastor or Priest and not even have to leave the fold (certain sarcasm is needed to provide I with the countenance not to cry or scream that because of people and their application to only ignorance many fell murdered and still remain to be unsolved cases in filed). Now this is the fifth find to their five count Ton (see link below) however it is applicable to the above and provides just statement and not the five, four, three, two, one which just builds the excitement of the public and congregated to believe that this is awe so cool and not a written paragraph including step by step instructions on how to get away with murder.
"Finally we come to the fifth and worst, but rarest of all kinds of demonic activity and that is full-blown bodily possession. There are two kinds of bodily possession: the first is involuntary possession, where the demon enters without permission of the person’s will, and the second is integration, where the person accepts the demon. It is important to note, though, that even though a demon may possess a person’s body, it cannot possess a person’s soul or free will. So they can corrupt the body, but they cannot corrupt the soul or will. If a person dies during an exorcism (which according to the exorcist who gave the talk has never happened to him personally), the soul would go to judgement before God just like any other soul would. It is not necessarily damned just because a demon had taken control of its body. Consequently if a person dies then the demon has to evacuate the body immediately. It cannot reanimate the body and use it if the “host soul” (if you will) has already passed. So rest easy, because no zombie demons are walking around out there right now — thanks be to God!" http://thepapist.org/exorcisms-what-every-catholic-should-know/ in quotes.
Posted:2016-12-16 04:06:07 UTC-08:00
In midst of delight the scene on a fact,
so in such wonder the absolute blundered,
what is a double-take as the animal faced shore,
knowing the continent and those beaches of the floored,
that photograph remember to remind the blankets thunder,
that each lightening sky does bolt to more than just be sundered!!as per http://totemtalk.ning.com/group/w/forum/topics/water-buffalo the Water Buffalo: Strength, Service, Dedication, Connection to the Earth Mother.....andLegend says that in the end Lao Tzu, saddened by the evil of men, set off into the desert on a water buffalo leaving civilization behind. When he arrived at the final gate at the great wall protecting the kingdom, the gatekeeper persuaded him to record the principles of his philosophy for posterity. The result was the eighty-one sayings of the “Tao-Te Ching.” This ancient Chinese text is the world’s most translated classic next to the Bible.Tao Te Ching
Tao (The Way) that can be spoken of is not the Constant Tao’
The name that can be named is not a Constant Name.
Nameless, is the origin of Heaven and Earth;
The named is the Mother of all things.
Thus, the constant void enables one to observe the true essence.
The constant being enables one to see the outward manifestations.
These two come paired from the same origin.
But when the essence is manifested,
It has a different name.
This same origin is called “The Profound Mystery.”
As profound the mystery as It can be,
It is the Gate to the essence of all life.
As soon as beauty is known by the world as beautiful, it becomes ugly.
As soon as virtue is being known as something good, it becomes evil.
Therefore being and non-being give birth to each other.
Difficult and easy accomplish each other.
Long and short form each other.
High and low distinguish each other.
Sound and tone harmonize each other
Before and after follow each other as a sequence.
Realizing this, the saint performs effortlessly according to the natural Way without personal
desire, and practices the wordless teaching thru one’s deeds.
The saint inspires the vitality of all lives, without holding back.
He nurtures all beings with no wish to take possession of.
He devotes all his energy but has no intention to hold on to the merit.
When success is achieved, he seeks no recognition.
Because he does not claim for the credit, hence shall not lose it.
By not adoring the worthy, people will not fall into dispute.
By not valuing the hard to get objects, people will not become robbers.
By not seeing the desires of lust, one’s heart will not be confused.
Therefore the governing of the saint is to empty one’s mind, substantiate one’s virtue, weaken
one’s worldly ambition and strengthen one’s essence.
He lets the people to be innocent of worldly knowledge and desire, and keeps the clever ones
from making trouble with their wits.
Acts naturally without desire, then everything will be accomplished in its natural order.
Tao (The Way) can be infused into the nature and put to use without being exhausted.
It is so deep and subtle like an abyss that is the origin of all things.
It is complete and perfect as a wholeness that can
Round off sharp edges;
Harmonize with the glory;
Act in unity with the lowliness.
Tao is so profound and yet in invisible, It exists in everywhere and anywhere.
I don not know whose Son It is, It existed before heaven and earth.
Nature nurtures all things with the wholeness of complete virtue.
It shows the greatest and perfect kindness by giving life to let all things grow and accomplish
them with the hastening of harvest.
Therefore, according to ancient custom, nature may seem unkind to regard all beings as a
traditional straw dog for sacrifice.
And likewise with a saint, he may seem unkind to regard people as a traditional straw dog for
The space between heaven and earth is like the bellows, it appears empty yet it gives a supply
that never fails;
The more it moves, the more it brings forth.
Many words lead to exhaustion.
It is better to center on the true essence within.
Spirit of the valley is immortal.
It is called the mystic nature.
The gate o f the mystic nature is regarded as the root of the universe.
It is everlasting and cannot be consumed.
Heaven is everlasting and earth is enduring.
The reason that they are everlasting is because they do not exist for themselves.
Hence, they are long lived.
Thus, although the saint puts himself last, finds himself in the lead.
Although he is not self-concerned, finds himself accomplished.
It is because he is not focused on self-interests and hence can fulfill his true nature.
A person of great virtue is like the flowing water.
Water benefits all things and contends not with them.
It puts itself in a place that no one wishes to be and thus is closest to Tao.
A virtuous person is like water which adapts itself to the perfect place.
His mind is like the deep water that is calm and peaceful.
His heart is kind like water that benefits all.
His words are sincere like the constant flow of water.
His governing is natural without desire which is like the softness of water that penetrates through
His work is of talent like the free flow of water.
His movement is of right timing like water that flows smoothly.
A virtuous person never forces his way and hence will not make faults.
Those who overly pride wealth is like the overflowing water which shall cause damages. It is
better to restrain early.
Those who are not content with fame is like polishing the edge of a knife.
The sharper it gets, the easier it is to break.
Wealth and treasures are but illusions that one cannot possess.
Those who are arrogant of their wealth and fame shall invite blame upon oneself.
The nature Tao teaches one to retreat after one’s success and not to hold on to the credit.
Can one unite the body and the spirit as one and embrace the “Oneness” without departing from
the great Tao?
Can one achieve harmony with such gentleness by holding on to the true spirit within as if the
innocence of an infant?
Can one free oneself from worldly knowledge and cleanse one’s mind, so that no faults shall be
Can a ruler love his people by governing with the natural Way without personal intention?
Can the mystic gate to all life essence be opened or closed without the virtue of the mysterious
Can one gain the insight of nature and become a wise person without the effort of action?
The mysterious nature creates and nurtures all things without the desire to possess them.
It performs with all efforts without claiming for credit.
It flourishes all beings without the intention to take control of.
Such is the “Mystic Te” or “Mystic Virtue.”
Thirty spokes unite around one hub to make a wheel.
It is the presence of the empty space that gives the function of a vehicle.
Clay is molded into a vessel. It is the empty space that gives the function of a vessel.
Doors and windows are chisel out to make a room.
It is the empty space in the room that gives its function.
Therefore, something substantial can be beneficial.
While the emptiness of void is what can be utilized.
The five colors can blind one’s eyes.
The five tones can deafen one’s ears.
The five flavors can dull one’s taste buds.
The pursuit of pleasures can derange one’s mind.
The hard-to-get valuables can distort one’s behavior.
Therefore, a saint cultivates himself with virtues and does not indulge himself in sensory
He rejects those outer temptations and chooses this True Nature.
Honor and disgrace can surprise a person.
The greatest distress lies in one’s physical body.
What does it men by “Honor and disgrace can surprise someone?”
Honor is inferior, because one who wins the favor is afraid of losing it.
And one who loses the favor is frightened with distress.
This is the significance of “Honor and disgrace can surprise someone.”
What does it mean by “The greatest distress lies in one’s body?”
We have fear because we worry about our physical self.
If one’s body does not exist, how can one has fear?
Therefore, he who values the world as much as he values himself, can be entrusted with the
ruling of the world.
He who loves the world as much as he loves himself, can be entrusted with the guidance of the
What cannot be seen is called the invisible.
What cannot be heard is called the inaudible.
What cannot be touched is called the intangible.
These three cannot be examined and comprehended.
And hence are mixed together as one.
This “Oneness” is not much brighter in the sky, as It is not much dimmer on earth.
It is not more glorious in a saint as It is not more fainter in an ordinary person.
It is everlasting and cannot be named.
It is the original void of “non-being.”
This “Oneness” is the Tao which is invisible, and formless.
It may be regarded as vague and intangible.
When the Oneness Tao comes forward, Its front cannot be seen.
When one tries to follow It, one cannot see Its rear.
By abiding with the original Tao, one can master the presence.
He who knows this “Origin,” shall know the teaching and principle of the Great Tao.
The ancient Tao cultivators were subtle and mysterious.
They were of immeasurable profundity.
Because they were too subtle to be known, so reluctantly they were being described as follow:
Cautious, as if crossing an icy river.
Hesitant, as if fearful of the surroundings.
Reverent, like an honorable guest.
Dispersed, like winter ice began to melt in spring.
Simple and sincere, like a genuine virgin.
Open-minded, like an empty valley.
Harmonized, like the turbid water.
How can one turn the turbid water into clarity?
A person of Tao would maintain peace in order to achieve pureness of the mind.
And therefore shall not be disturbed by the worldly desires.
After achieving pureness of the mind, how can one let it be everlasting?
A person of Tao would unify and harmonize himself with all beings which shall lead to eternity.
Those who abide by this Tao will not indulge themselves in the desire of greed.
It is because of this humbleness that enables one to embrace the original “Oneness,” the Great
Human must achieve the ultimate void and maintain calmness with sincerity in order to observe
the growth and flourish of all beings.
It is in this way that one can understand the law of nature.
All things and beings will eventually return to the original source.
This is called “peace.”
“Peace” means returning to one’s original nature.
This original nature is the eternal law. To know the nature’s law is to be enlightened.
He who is ignorant of the nature’s law shall act recklessly, and thus will invite misfortune.
To know the constant law of nature is to be generous.
Being generous, one is impartial.
Being impartial, one is the sovereign.
Sovereign is the nature itself.
Nature is Tao. Tao is everlasting.
When one’s physical body dies away, Tao still long endures.
In early ancient mankind, Tao has been in existence in one’s true nature.
Men possess It without knowing.
One then acts with virtue and honor which is inferior to Tao.
The less superior is to act with fear.
And the least superior is to act with disgrace.
This occurs because one does not have enough faith, and hence has no confidence.
The nature of Tao is distinguished by wordless teaching with the natural act of virtue without
As such, people would act effortlessly and harmonize with the Nature Tao.
When Great Tao declines, virtue of humanity and righteousness shall arise.
When knowledge and intelligence appear, great hypocrisy shall arise.
When the six various family relationships are not in harmony, filial piety and compassion shall
When a country is in chaos, the loyal officials shall appear.
Transcend the saint’s teaching and conceal one’s wisdom for potential use, shall benefit the
people a hundred fold.
Extend kindness to its ultimate and then polish to refine one’s righteousness shall help the people
or regain filial piety and compassion.
Employ one’s subtle true nature with exquisiteness and extend one’s personal benefit to share
with others, shall eliminate robbers and thieves.
These three statements are apparent superficial and not sufficient to express the natural “Way” of
the great Tao.
Hence, this is what people should do:
Return to their original true self and embrace the pure “Oneness.”
Refrain selfness and diminish worldly desires.
Enlightenment of the absolute Tao can free a person from worries and sorrow.
How much is the difference between a respectful response and an angry response?
How great is the difference between good and evil?
What people naturally fear, one should also fear.
One’s endless desire can result in negligence of the true nature of life.
People like to pursue after excitement as if they were ascending the terrace in spring and
celebrate a sacrificial feast.
But I alone remain quiet and calm like an infant who is pure and innocent.
And I alone appeared to be lost like one who has nowhere to go.
All people have a surplus, but I alone was simple and left out like a fool.
People seemed bright and shrewd, while I seemed dull.
People like to dispute, while I alone remain quiet.
I am calm and peaceful like the boundless ocean.
I am open-hearted and free like the wind blowing high above the sky without hindrance.
Everyone thinks of themselves as capable and outstanding while I appeared unlearned.
I am the only one to be different from others for I value highly the Great Tao and joyfully act
A man of great virtue is one who follows the nature way of Tao.
This Tao is vague and intangible.
Yet, in the vague and void, there is image, there is substance.
Within the profound intangible, there is essence;
This essence is genuine.
In It lies the great faith.
Since the beginning of the world, Tao has been in existence.
Only through It that one can understand the origin of all beings.
How do I know that this is the true essence?
It is through this natural Way.
To yield is to preserve the whole.
To be misjudged is to be straightened.
To be hollow is to be filled.
To be battered is to be renewed.
To be in need is to possess.
To be abundant is to be confused.
Therefore, the saint embraces the “Oneness” as a standard for the world.
The wise one is not prejudiced, hence he is enlightened.
The wise one is not self-opinioned, hence he is outstanding.
The wise one does not boast of himself, hence he shall receive the credit.
The wise one does not praise his own deeds, hence can long endure.
Because the wise one does not conflict with others and therefore the world cannot contend
It is not true as the ancients say, “To yield is to preserve the whole?”
Thus the “Oneness” will be honored to him.
Words that cannot be heard of are natural.
A gale can not blow for the whole morning.
A rainstorm cannot last for the whole day.
What caused these effects?
Heaven and earth.
Even the actions of nature do not last long.
How much more can human’s behavior last when digressed from the natural Tao?
Thus, one who follows the Great Tao,
When Tao is present, he will benefit the world with Tao.
When Te is present, he will benefit the world with Te.
When Tao and Te are both lost, he identifies himself with the people and benefits them with the
enlightenment of teaching.
One who identifies with Tao is glad to be with Tao.
One who identifies with Te is glad to be with Te.
One who identifies with the loss of Tao and Te is glad to be with the lost.
If one does not have enough faith in “Tao,” how can he assist others to practice with faith?
He who raises himself on tiptoe cannot stand firm.
He who walks with strides cannot travel far.
He who is self-opinioned shall not be enlightened.
He who is prejudiced shall not be recognized.
He who brags about himself shall not receive credit.
He who is arrogant shall not make improvements.
In view of Tao, people who are self-centered are like the surplus food and redundant actions in
All things disgust them.
Therefore a person of Tao will not conduct himself in such manner.
Something is formed in the chaos, which existed before heaven and earth.
It is quiet and profound.
It stands alone and alters not.
It revolves eternally without exhaustion.
It is regarded as the Mother of all beings.
I do not know Its name, except to call It Tao.
When forced to give It a name, I would call It “the Great.”
The Great is far-reaching.
Far-reaching is infinite.
Infinite is to return to the self-sufficient origin.
Therefore, Tao is great, heaven is great, earth is great, and so is the true-self.
There are four greatness in the universe, and true-self is one of them.
Man models the Way of earth;
Earth models the Way of heaven;
Heaven models the Way of Tao;
Tao models the Way of nature.
The heavy is the fundamental of the light. Tranquility is the master of agitation.
Therefore, the saint always conducts himself with the essence of Tao and never departs from It.
Although he is surrounded by the splendor of wealth, he remains to live a simple and ordinary
How can a ruler govern a nation without recklessness if he indulges in power and desire?
He who acts recklessly shall lose the essence of Tao.
He who is agitated with lust and desires shall lose his true nature.
Good deeds leave no signs.
Good words leave no flaws.
Good scheme needs no deliberate plans.
A good lock uses no bolts, yet it cannot be opened.
A good knot uses no rope, yet it cannot be united.
Hence, a saint is always kind by saving other people and rejects no one.
He is always kind by saving all things and therefore nothing is being rejected.
This is the true enlightenment.
Thus, a kind person is the teacher of the unkind.
An unkind person is a lesson for the kind to learn.
He who does not value his teacher and dislikes the valuable lesson, although knowledgeable, is
in fact greatly confused.
This is the fundamental essence.
To know the strong masculine principle, yet abide by the gentle female principle is like being the
valley of the world where all rivers will flow into.
This is alike all virtue which will merge into the subtle Tao.
Being a valley of the world and not depart from the true nature, once can return to original
pureness like an infant.
When one knows the white that is splendor, yet holds on to the black that is humble and lowly.
He can be a standard of the world.
Being a standard of the world and not deviate from true nature, one is able to return to the void
To know what is honor, yet abide by the dishonored, is like a valley of the world which is
modest and humble.
Being the valley of the world makes possible the true virtue to be complete and sufficient.
And hence can return to simplicity.
When the nature of simplicity is being manifested, it results into various vessels.
And by applying the pure simplicity, a saint can master all things.
Hence, the Great Tao is a unified Oneness which cannot be separated apart.
He who wishes to take control of the world and acts upon it,
I can see that he will not succeed.
For the world is a divine vessel,
It cannot be acted upon as one wish.
He who acts on it fails.
He who holds on to it loses.
Therefore some things move forward while some follow behind.
Some try to warm with exhaled air while some try to blow it cold.
Some are strong while some are weak.
Some are successfully accomplished while some are declined and failed.
Thus, the saint avoids all extremes, extravagance, and pride.
One who assists the ruler with the principle of Tao,
Will not use the force of arms to conquer the world.
For such affairs will result in cause and effect.
Wherever the armies touch the land, it is turned into a wasteland of thorns and brambles.
After a war is fought, bad years are sure to follow.
Therefore, one who follows the true nature will understand the principle of cause and effect and
shall not rely upon the strength of force.
By knowing the effect, thus one will not brag.
By knowing the effect, thus one will not boast.
By knowing the effect, thus one will not become arrogant.
By knowing the effect, although one has no choice, one still abides with the principle of cause
and effect and does not resolve into force.
When things reach their prime, they start to age and decline.
This is the life that is diminishing and shall not reach the ultimate essence.
Weapons of war are instruments of disaster.
They are rejected by all beings.
Thus a person of Tao will not dwell upon them.
According to the ancient custom of Ying and Yang,
A man of virtue values the left which is represented by Yang.
And a man of war values the right which is represented by Ying.
Weapons are instruments of evil, and are not valued by a man of virtue.
They are only used as the last resort to attain peach when all else have failed.
If their use is necessary, it is best to employ with calmness and tranquility.
Even it if means victory, it is not something pleasant.
Those who rejoice over the victory, enjoy killing.
He who delights in killing will not be favored by the people and shall not bring harmony to the
It is the ancient custom to favor happy events to the left as represented by yang.
While on sad occasions, it is favored to the right as represented by Ying.
When this rite is applied in the army,
The lieutenant general takes the place of the left,
And the commander-in-chief takes the place of the right.
This indicates that war is treated as if it is a funeral service;
For many lives had been killed and hence should be mourned with sorrow.
Therefore, although a victory was won,
It is treated like funeral rite.
The universal Tao has no name.
Although It appears in the plainest and may seem small,
It is inferior to nothing.
If the kings and marquises can abide by the Great Tao,
All beings shall act as guests and submit to them.
Heaven and earth will then be in harmony and shall descend sweet dew.
People will not require command and orders,
Yet can treat each other equally with peace.
When Tao is manifested, names were given for the purpose of distinction.
But one must know how to attain the original pureness in order to avoid danger and disaster.
Tao exists in the universe like the rivers and streams that lead to the ocean.
One who knows other people is wise.
One who knows himself is enlightened.
To overcome others is strong.
To overcome oneself is the will of power.
One who is contented is rich.
One who is determined has the strength of will.
Those who embrace their true nature shall long live.
He who is enlightened with the original nature,
Although dies physically, is eternally united with the everlasting Tao.
The great Tao is ever present.
It can adjust Itself to everything.
All things live by It, and It does not deny them.
When Its work is accomplished, It does not claim possession.
It gives great love to nurture all things and all lives, but dominates not.
The true void of Tao has no desires and may seem small.
Yet all things entrust their lives to It and It does not act as their master.
This may be recognized as “the Great.”
Because a saint does not restrict himself with the greatness,
Hence his greatness is accomplished.
He who embraces the Great Tao shall be the guidance of the world.
By following him, the world will not be harmed and will be rendered with peace and harmony.
Pleasures and delicacy can only attract passers-by to stay temporarily.
The teaching of Tao is plain without extraordinary appearances.
It can not be seen,
It can not be heard,
It can not be depleted or exhausted.
It desire shall conceal true self,
True self will manifest itself even more.
If desire shall weaken true self,
True self will strengthen itself even more.
If desire shall abandon true self,
True self will prosperous even more.
If desire shall deprive true self,
True self will give even more.
This is known as the enlightened nature that is subtle yet profound.
Gentleness overcomes strength, and the meek overcomes the strong.
Just as fish live in deep water and cannot survive after being taken out of the depths.
And the powerful weapons of a country should not be displayed,
Just like one’s true nature cannot be revealed to be seen.
The everlasting Tao acts according to the natural Way.
Therefore there is nothing that It will not accomplish.
If kings and the nobilities can abide by their true nature and follow the great Tao,
All things shall be reformed naturally.
If during the process of reform, desires arouse.
I shall overcome with the simplicity of original nature.
With the simplicity of true nature, there shall be no desire.
Without desire, one’s original nature will be at peace.
And the world will naturally be in accord with the right Way.
A man of superior virtue is not conscious of being virtuous, hence is truly virtuous.
A man of inferior virtue performs for the purpose of virtue, hence he is not virtuous.
A man of superior virtue acts without action, and performs with his true nature.
A man of inferior virtue acts with intentional effort.
A man of superior kindness acts a natural act.
A man of superior justice acts with righteousness and feelings for others.
A man of superior etiquette acts according to his true self, hence no one responds to him by
There, when Tai is lost, there is Te (virtue).
When Te is lost, there is humanity.
When humanity is lost, there is justice.
When justice is lost, there is etiquette.
Etiquette becomes prevalent when people fail to be sincere and honest.
Hence, chaos begins.
A person of knowledge and self-opinion will be hindered from the enlightenment of Tao.
Thus, this is the beginning of ignorance!
Therefore, one who cultivates himself with Tao,
Embraces the original nature and indulges not in sensual nature.
He abides by the fundamental Oneness and indulges not in sensory pleasures.
Thus, abandon those desires and abide by this true essence of Tao.
In the beginning, there were those who attained the Oneness;
Heaven, by attaining the Oneness became clear;
Earth, by attaining the Oneness became peaceful;
Spirit, by attaining the Oneness became divine;
True nature is like an empty valley, and by attaining the Oneness,
It became fully productive.
All things, by attaining the Oneness became alive.
Emperors and nobilities, by attaining Oneness can bring peace and prosperity to the world.
All these are the results of achieving Oneness.
Heaven, without clarity would crack.
Earth, without peace would quake.
Spirit, without divinity would be powerless.
True nature, without productivity would result in exhaustion of life.
All things, without life essence would perish.
Emperors, without Oneness to exalt them to nobility, would stumble and fall.
Thus, honor is based on humbleness.
The high builds its foundation upon the low.
Therefore, the kings and nobles call themselves “the solitude,” “the unworthy,” and “the
Is this not the reason why they base their honor upon humbleness?
Hence, the highly honored do not regard themselves as nobles and have no wish to be selfcentered
to think nobly of themselves as a piece of jade nor to think lowly of others as a lump of
When Tao is in action, one’s worldly nature can be reversed to the true nature.
Gentleness is the way of application of Tao.
All things in the world originate from the manifestation of Tao,
The manifestation of Tao is the form of being,
Which originates from the non-being of the void, the Great Tao.
When a superior man heard of Tao,
He cultivates himself diligently.
When an average man heard of Tao,
He is doubtful, vague and would give up halfway.
When an inferior man heard of Tao,
He laughs and thinks of It as foolish.
If Tao is not being laughed at,
It is not the Great Tao.
Thus, there is a traditional saying of,
One who is enlightened with Tao may appear foolish.
He who is advancing in Tao may appear to withdraw.
Great Tao is plain and simple which can adapt to all circumstances, although It may seem
uneven and rough.
A man of superior virtue is like an empty, receptive valley.
A man of innocence may appear to be disgraced.
A man of great virtue appears to be deficient.
A man who practices Tao and actively achieves great merits may appear gentle and meek.
A man who follows his true self may appear to be changeable.
Generosity has no rough angels.
Great achievement is time consuming, and is slow to complete.
Great tone has no sound.
Great Tao is formless,
It is invisible and has no name.
It benefits all and fulfills all.
Tao gives birth to one.
One gives birth to two.
Two gives birth to three.
Three gives birth to all things and all beings.
All beings bear the negative physical form which is represented by Ying, and embrace the
positive true nature which is represented by Yang.
With the union of these two, they arrive at a state of harmony.
Men dislike to be “the solitude,” “the unworthy,” and “the virtueless,”
Yet the Lords and nobles call themselves these names.
Hence, things are benefited by being humble, and damaged by profiting.
What the ancients had taught, I shall also teach as such:
A man of violence who is in disharmony between Ying and Yang that is the physical body and
true self, shall die of an unnatural death.
This is the essential of my teaching.
The softest of all things can overcome the hardest of all things.
Regardless of being or the non-being, they all have to return to the empty void to express their
Thus, I have learned the benefits of natural actions without personal desires.
Very few can understand the value of wordless teaching and due act of natural Way.
Fame and life, which one is of intimacy?
Life and wealth, which one is of importance?
To gain one but to lose the other, which is of harm?
Therefore, if one’s desires are great, one would result in exhaustion.
Overstock shall result in heavy loss.
He who is contented will not suffer disgrace.
He who knows his true nature will not incur danger.
It is in this Way that one can long endure.
Great achievement appears to be inadequate, yet its use is never exhausted.
Great fullness appears to be void, yet its use is boundless.
Great honesty may seem to be accused of wrong doing.
Great mastery appears to be clumsy.
Great eloquence may seem to be inarticulate.
Movement can overcome chill.
Tranquility can overcome heat.
Peace and calmness is the Way to guide the world.
When the world lives in accord with Tao,
Fine walking horses can be retired form plowing the field.
When the world fails to live in accord with Tao,
Even pregnant mares are used as war horses,
And were forced to breed in the battlefield.
The greatest crime is to have too much desire.
The greatest disaster is not to find contentment.
The greatest mistake is to desire for endless possession.
Hence, when one is gratified with self-contentment,
True contentment can then long endure.
Tao exists in one’s own true self.
It cannot be found outside of one’s true nature.
Hence, there is no need to leave the house to take journey in order to know the world.
There is no need to look outside of the window to see the nature of Tao.
The further one departs from Tao, the less one will be able to know.
Therefore a saint is wise to know without seeking for It.
He is wise to understand without seeing It.
He is wise to accomplish according to the Natural Way.
In pursuing knowledge, one learns with intellect and desires.
Therefore one’s knowledge is accumulated day after day.
In pursuing Tao, one is enlightened with the true nature and thus diminishes daily one’s worldly
desires and knowledge.
The continuous depletion of one’s desires persists until one acts accordingly to the natural Way.
By acting without personal intention enables one to accomplish all things.
Therefore, to rule over the world,
One must act naturally without personal desires.
If one pursues with extreme effort, one shall fail to rule the world.
The saint has no set mind,
He regards the wish of the people as his own wish.
He is kind to the kind, he is also kind to the unkind.
This is the true virtue of kindness.
The saint trusts those who are trustworthy.
He also trusts those who are not trustworthy.
This is the true virtue of trust.
The saint conducts himself in the world by harmonizing with all beings to be at one.
The worldly people thus look up to him attentively with their eyes and ears.
And the saint treats the people like a loving mother who loves her children unconditionally.
Men enter this world with life and leave this world with death.
Those who work hard for living and longevity are comprised of one-third of the people.
Those who are leading their life towards death are comprised of another one-third.
Those who live with indulgence in passion and desires shall harm their life and invite death.
This is comprised of the final one-third of the people.
Why is this so?
It is because men are over-concerned with pleasures of life and hence exhaust themselves with
hard work of desires of greed.
The wise one who knows how to nourish life with the Nature Tao,
When he travels, will not encounter fierce animals such as wild buffalos and tigers.
When he is engaged in the battlefield, will not be harmed by the weapons.
The horns of the wild buffalos are powerless against him.
The claws of the tigers are useless against him.
The weapons are of no avail towards him.
Why is this so?
It is because the wise one follows the great Tao and cultivates himself accordingly.
Hence, a man of Tao will not perish.
Tao gives birth to all things.
And Te (virtue) nurtures them.
Matter shapes them.
The natural environment matures them.
Therefore, all things abide by Tao and honor Te.
Although Tao deserves reverence and Te deserves honor,
They are not demanded by decree,
But is a result of the Nature Way.
Hence, Tao gives life to all beings and Te nurtures, grows, fosters, develops, matures, supports,
and protects them.
Tao gives birth to life and yet claims no possession.
It gives support without holding on to the merit.
It matures them but does not take control of.
This is called the Mystic Te.
The beginning of the universe is Tao,
It is the mother of all.
By knowing the Mother, we will know her creations.
By knowing the creation of all lives, one can then return to the origin and abide by the Mother.
It is in this way that although the body dies, the spiritual nature will not perish.
To abide by the Mother of Tao is to keep guard on one’s sensory desire and shut the doors of
temptation so as to prevent one from pursuing outwards.
Thus, by doing so one’s whole life may be preserved from exhaustion and pains.
However, if on the contrary one indulges oneself in the pleasure of desire and opens the door of
temptation to pursue outwards,
Then one’s true nature will be lost and hence is beyond rescuing.
Those who are aware of the essence of the original nature are said to be enlightened.
Those who abide by the gentleness of Tao are said to be strong.
Those who employ the glory of Tao,
And were able to return to the true nature, are ensured of no distress and is said to embrace the
If I were to have the very slight insight,
I would live in accordance with the Great Tao.
My only fear is, to go astray from Tao while spreading it.
Great Tao is smooth and plain, yet people prefer the devious bypaths.
Hence, the government is corrupted with luxury and splendor.
The people were exhausted with labor and left the fields to be wasted and the granaries depleted.
Under such practices, the officials would wear fine clothes,
Carry sharp swords and indulge themselves in good food and drinks.
They crave with greed to possess great wealth.
Such is said to commit the crime of robbery and certainly is not the Way of Tao.
One who cultivates himself with Tao,
Firmly establishes his virtue.
He holds on faithfully to the Great Oneness,
And is honored for generations ever after.
Cultivate oneself with the Oneness, Tao and the virtue is genuine.
Cultivate a family with the Oneness, Tao and the virtue is in surplus.
Cultivate an entire village with the Oneness, Tao and the virtue is enduring.
Cultivate a whole nation with the Oneness, Tao and the virtue is luxuriant.
Cultivate the whole world with the Oneness, Tao and the virtue is universal.
Hence, by cultivating oneself, thus gains insight into one’s true virtue.
By cultivating a family, thus gains insight into a loving family.
By cultivating a village, thus gains insight into a harmonious village.
By cultivating a nation, thus gains insight into the extensive benefits for the people.
By cultivating the whole world, thus gains insight into the universal peace that embrace all
How do I know that the world is so?
It is through this Way.
One who preserves Te (virtue) in fullness,
Is to be compared to an innocent infant.
Hence, no poisonous insects will sting him.
No wild beasts will attack him.
No birds of prey will pounce upon him.
In governing one’s life, learn from an infant as such:
Its bones are soft, its tendons are tender, yet its grip is firm.
No knowing the unity of male and female,
Yet the infant’s sexual organ is aroused.
This is because its life essence is pure and complete.
Crying all day, yet the infant’s voice does not turn hoarse.
Such is the perfect harmony.
To know harmony is called “Everlasting.”
To know everlasting is called “Enlightenment.”
To overprotect one’s life is called “Ill omen.”
To let one’s mind follow the emotional impulse is called “Compulsion.”
When things reach their prime they start to age and decline.
This is the life that is diminishing, which shall not reach the ultimate essence.
The wise does not speak.
He who speaks is not wise.
Keep silent and close one’s mouth.
Keep guard on one’s sensory organs.
Round off one’s edges.
Untie the entangled.
Harmonize with the glory.
Mix with the lowliness.
This is called the Mystic Unity.
Because the wise is unified with all and has no distinction,
Thus, one cannot get close to him,
Nor can one keep far away from him,
One cannot benefit him,
Nor can one harm him,
One cannot honor him,
Nor can one disgrace him.
Therefore, he is honored by the whole world.
Govern a nation with the right principle,
Fight a battle with the tactics of surprise,
Rule over the world with peace and natural effort.
How do I know that this so?
By the following:
The more prohibitions that are imposed on people,
The poorer the people become.
The more sharp weapons the people possess,
The greater is the chaos in the country.
The more clever and crafty the people become,
The more unusual affairs occur.
The more laws and regulations that exist,
The more thieves and brigands appear.
Hence, the saint declares:
I act effortlessly with the Way of Tao,
Thus, people transform themselves naturally.
I love tranquility and peach,
Thus, people naturally follow the right Way.
I do not exhaust people with labor,
Thus, people naturally are wealthy.
I have no personal desires,
Thus, people naturally are innocent and simple.
When the government is dull,
People are simple and sincere.
When the government is complex and stringent,
People are cunning and shall cause trouble.
Calamity is what blessings depend upon.
In blessings there hides the calamity.
Who knows the ultimate end of the cycle of calamity and blessings?
Is there no true principle that exists?
The normal may revert and become unusual.
The good may revert and turn into evil.
Long indeed, man has been under such delusion.
Therefore, the saint abides by firm principle and does not depart from it.
He is honest and not mean.
He is upright and not rue.
He is honored and not eminent.
In governing one’s life and serving the nature,
There is nothing better than to follow the Way of simplicity.
Simplicity is to restrain one’s desires.
To restrain one’s desires is to practice the virtue of Nature Way.
By practicing the virtue of Nature Way,
One is capable to accomplish anything.
With the ability to accomplish anything,
One can achieve the infinite realm.
By achieving the infinite realm,
One can then become a true leader of a nation.
To govern a nation with the Law of Nature is to be long enduring.
This is regarded as a profound and firm foundation of the everlasting Tao.
Ruling a great nation is like frying small fish.
When they are over stirred, they will break into pieces.
Guide the world with Tao,
Then the spiritual beings would lose their power.
It is in fact not that the spiritual beings had lost their power,
But that their spiritual power cannot harm people,
But that the true nature of the saint has harmonized with the spiritual power and hence will cause
Since they both do not harm each other,
Therefore they will harmonize with the true virtue to embrace the Oneness, Tao.
A great nation rules by placing itself in a lowly position like the rivers that flow into the low
regions of ocean.
Hence, people will naturally be faithful to their country.
Mother nature always stays calm and quiet to overcome the unrest.
It takes the lowly position to be in peace.
Thus, if a great nation can lower itself to deal with a smaller nation,
Then it shall win the heart of the people.
And the smaller nation will willingly merge with the great nation.
And if the smaller nation can lower itself to deal with the great nation,
Then it shall win the trust and be accommodated as a part of the great nation.
Therefore, be it to take a lowly position to win over or to take a lowly position to be
The great nation only wishes to unite and shelter all the people,
While the small nation only wishes to be a part of the nation to serve it.
Now that both are granted with what they wish for,
It is only natural for the “Great” to put itself in a lowly position.
Tao is the wonder of all creations.
It is a treasure for those who are kind.
It can also protect those who are not kind.
Words of Tao can benefit all people.
Its action can guide people to follow the right Way.
Those who have gone astray, the all-forgiving Tao will not abandon them.
Therefore, it is better to embrace this precious Tao than to be crowned as kings or appointed as
ministers or to possess wealth and fine horses.
So why did the ancients value and honor this Tao?
It is because “Those who seek will attain, those who offended will be forgiven.”
Thus, It is the greatest honor in the world.
Act without personal desire.
Manage without intentional concern.
Taste without desire of the flavor.
Hold the same regard for big or small, abundant or little and reward the unkind with kindness.
Plan for the difficult while it is easy.
Act upon the great from the beginning of the minute.
All difficult affairs must be taken care of when they are easy.
All great accomplishments must be performed from the small tasks.
Hence, a saint does not strive to do something great.
And as a result he is able to accomplish the great.
He who makes promises easily seldom keeps his words.
He who constantly regards things as easy shall result in difficulty.
Therefore, the saint is aware of the difficulties ahead and hence is cautious in managing affairs
while they are sill easy and small to prevent resulting into problems.
It is easy to preserve when things are stable.
It is easy to plan ahead when things have no yet occurred.
If one waits until the affair has begun,
Then the situation is as brittle as ice that easily cracks and is fragile that easily shatters.
Take actions before things occur.
Manage before things get out of order.
A huge tree grows from a tiny sprout;
A nine-story high terrace is built from heaps of earth.
A journey of thousand miles begins from the first step.
He who acts with desire shall fail.
He who tries to possess shall lose.
Therefore, the saint acts without effort and so he does not fail.
He is not eager to possess and so he does not lose.
Most people fail when they are near completion.
If one can be cautious from beginning to end, then he will not fail.
Thus a saint pursues what people do not pursue.
He does not value the hard-to-get objects.
He learns what people do not learn and avoids the faults in order to restore his true nature.
He follows the course of nature to benefit all things and dares not go astray from the right Way,
The ancient Tao cultivators,
Did not lead people to acquire knowledge to be tricky,
But to guide them to restore their simplicity and innocence.
The reason people are difficult to be governed is because they are clever and witty.
Therefore, he who rules a nation with tactics and wits shall do harm to the country.
He who does not rule with such is the nation’s blessing.
To know these two principles is to know the rule of nature.
To know the rule of nature is called Mystic Te (Mystic Virtue).
Mystic Te is profound and far-reaching.
It can guide all things to return to their original nature,
And thus great harmony can be achieved.
The reason that river and ocean can be the Lords of all valley is because they are located in the
Therefore, the saint humbles himself to serve all people.
And he leads the people by putting himself last for the sake of the people’s welfare.
Thus, although he rules above the people,
The people do not feel him as a burden.
Although he leads in front of the people,
The people do not feel him as a threat.
Hence, the world supports him with no objection.
This is because he does not contend,
Therefore, he is above all competition.
The whole world says the Tao that I have attained is so great that It seems unreal.
Because It is indeed so great, thus It seemed unreal.
If It were real, It would have been insignificantly small.
I have Three Treasures that I hold and guard.
The first is Kindness.
The second is Simplicity.
The third is Humbleness.
With Kindness, one can be courageous.
With Simplicity, one can be generous.
With Humbleness, one can be the lead to provide guidance.
Now, if one abandons kindness and yet tries to be courageous,
If one abandons simplicity and yet tries to be generous.
If one abandons humbleness and yet tries to lead as guidance,
He is doomed to perish.
One who fights a battle with kindness shall win.
One who keeps guard with kindness shall secure.
Even the great nature shall save him and protect him with kindness.
A faithful Tao cultivator does not use force.
A good warrior does not lose his temper.
A great conqueror does not challenge others.
A good leader is humble.
This is called the virtue of peace with no contention.
This is also regarded as competence to make good use of the effort of people.
Such is regarded as achieving harmony with nature.
Such is the perfect Oneness of true nature.
In warfare, there is a saying of such strategy:
I would rather take a defensive position than to make an initial offensive move.
I would rather withdraw a foot than to march forward one inch.
Such is called to advance without advancement;
To defeat without arm force;
To fight as if there were no enemy;
To carry weapons as if there were no weapons and thus no need for the use of weapons.
There is no greater disaster than to underestimate the enemy.
To do so may cost one to lose his valuable life.
Therefore, when two armies engage in a battle,
The party that feels the sorrow of killing shall win.
My words of Tao is easy to understand and to practice.
However, the world can neither understand nor practice them.
In my words of Tao, there is the subtle truth.
In my deeds, there is the Way of Tao.
Because people do not understand these,
Therefore they do not understand me.
Those who know me are few.
Hence, the essence of Tao appears to be more honorable and precious.
Thus, a saint may dress in ordinary coarse clothing,
Yet has a heart of gem with the true essence within.
One who knows what people do not know,
Is a person of enlightenment.
One who pretends to know what he is ignorant of, is at fault.
He who is aware of what he does not know, shall not be at fault.
Therefore, a saint is flawless for he is aware of what he truly knows and what he knows not,
hence he is flawless.
When people do not respect the authority,
There shall be great misfortune.
Do not interfere with the people’s livelihood.
Do not despise their living.
Because there is no detest against the people,
Therefore the people do not detest against the authority.
The saint realizes his true nature and hence
Does not distinguish himself.
He has a sense of self-respect and thus does not exalt himself.
Therefore, he rejects those that are self-distinguished and self-exalted.
And abides by these that are self-awareness and self-respect.
He who is brave in being daring, acts recklessly and shall be killed.
He who is brave but acts cautiously and kindly shall live.
Of these two, one is beneficial while the other is harmful.
What nature wishes, who may know what the reasons are?
Thus, the saint is aware of the subtlety and profoundness of the Nature’s Way,
So he takes great caution in practicing It.
The Tao of Nature,
Does not contend, yet easily wins.
Does not speak, yet always responds.
Does not summon, yet all things gather.
Does not contemplate as if at ease,
Yet all plans were devised perfectly.
The Law of Nature is like a giant web,
Although sparsely meshed, nothing can slip through.
When people do not fear death,
There is no use trying to threaten them with death.
If people value their lives, and those who break the law were being executed,
Then who would dare to commit criminal act?
The life and death of all beings are handled by the executioner of Nature.
Those who substitute the nature executioner to kill,
Is like replacing the master carpenter to chop the wood.
One who substitutes the master carpenter to chop the wood,
Rarely does not hurt his hands.
People starved because the ruler taxed too heavily.
People are difficult to be ruled,
Because the ruler governs with personal desire and establishes too many laws to confuse the
Therefore the people are difficult to be ruled.
People take death lightly,
Because the ruler pursues after luxurious life and depletes the people.
Therefore the people take death lightly.
One who does not value his life with self-desire, truly cherishes his life.
When a man is alive, he is soft and supple.
When he dies, the body becomes hard and stiff.
When a plant is alive, it is soft and flexible.
When it is dead, it becomes dry and brittle.
Therefore, hard and rigid shall lead to death.
Soft and gentle shall lead to life.
Thus, a strong army with rigid force shall not win.
A thick and big tree will be cut down for its use.
The big and strong will take an inferior position.
The soft and gentle will take superior position.
The Tao of Nature is like stretching a bow.
When the stretch is too high, it needs to be pressed down.
When the stretch is too low, it needs to be raised high.
The excess will be reduced.
The deficient will be replenished.
The Tao of Nature is to reduce the excessive and to replenish the insufficient.
The Tao of man, however is otherwise.
It takes from the needy to serve those who already have a surplus.
Who can spare one’s surplus to serve the world?
A person of Tao.
Thus, a saint acts without holding on to the achievements.
He accomplishes but does not claim for credit.
He has no desire to distinguish himself.
There is nothing in this world that is softer and meeker than water.
Even those that can conquer the strong and hard,
Are still not superior than water.
Nothing can substitute it.
Hence, what is soft can overcome the strong.
What is gentle can overcome the strength.
This is known by the world.
However, people cannot put it into practice.
Therefore, the saint said as follow:
He who can take the disgrace of a nation,
Is said to be the master of the nation.
He who can bear the misfortune of a nation,
Is said to be the ruler of the world.
Truthful words may seem to be the reverse of worldly practices.
When a great resentment has resulted,
Even if one tries to reconcile and make peace,
There is bound to leave some remaining resentment.
Thus, how can this be considered as a good settlement?
Therefore, a saint cultivates himself with introspection and self-discipline without blaming others
This is like the ancient custom which acts by holding on to the left part of the tally as a debtor
that demands nothing from others.
Hence, a person of virtue acts as if he were the debtor.
And a person without virtue acts as if he were the creditor that demands only from others.
The Tao of Nature is impersonal which makes no exception to anyone.
It always assists those that are kind and virtuous.
An ideal nation is small and with few people.
Although there are abundant weapons, there is no need for the use.
Let the people cherish their life and not pursue after fame and wealth,
So that they have no intention to move to faraway places.
Although there are boats and carriages, no one will ride them.
Although there are weapons and armors, there is no occasion to display them.
Let the people return to the ancient simple life where knotting ropes were used to record every
People would then enjoy the simple food, simple clothing, and be contented with a simple life.
And they shall live happily with the traditional customs.
Neighbors of the nations overlook one another in the near distance.
The barks of dogs and crowing of cocks can be heard.
Yet people are so contented that they enjoy their life without ever visiting each other.
Words of truth are not pleasing.
Pleasing words are not truthful.
The wise one does not argue.
He who argues is not wise.
A wise man of Tao knows the subtle truth,
And may not be learned.
A learned person is knowledgeable but may not know the subtle truth of Tao.
A saint does not possess and accumulate surplus for personal desire.
The more he helps others, the richer his life becomes.
The more he gives to others, the more he gets in return.
The Tao of Nature benefits and does not harm.
The Way of a saint is to act naturally without contention.
莊 子 道 德 經 六 祖 壇 經 論 語
孟 子 三 字 經 道 之 宗 旨 禮運大同篇
金 剛 經 心 經 彌勒 救 苦 真經 朱子治家格言
弟 子 規 大 學 中 庸 皇母訓子十誡
太 上 清靜 經
Posted:2016-12-16 14:37:18 UTC-08:00To the idea of life in or not in the Universe. People/Scientists say that Earth and life thereof are a result of the 'Big Bang'. Now should the Big Bang be root to the expanding Universe, and should the Big Bang indeed be the theory of started, than life would be not thorough to only Earth or this planet. The simple fact is that should a full balloon be full, and explode, the scattering of particle cleat would what?? Only go in only one direction??The stars on the full to that is the sphere of the ole big shape,to ground,say fact,Space is Land at cross that strand,now the tunnel is bridge in shore threads of breadth inch no torn bore,this is a Tunnel build,ancient knowledge orders farm.edge!!A visa at the price,cost to gamble what is the human toll on a Bridge game that cardboard is the deal,shake that note and write a sip.Drink gin to dice Ice,the glass is brim on the word of grand a stick,in the back a bone of spine all fluid!The creek will strum to brooks of run,there for the trout are on the bass,string to gold,a pan that whistles with the Falls!!Riding a long inch that lunge,to horse is the saddle of girth at a bridle nice!!Bit pi as the rein,gather collection to gain the long side at halt for the MC squared as E equals name to Noun,the sky is the space,found that to dimension great,it goes on this and sings itself,notes to know that leaving is no tree!!!Route and Bank the river shank,skipping rocks the Water lull,these are the days to night a say,a Moon on such a skate that glacier Speak,in barrel and Rum variable is what World gets lum.Each fashion of Armoire is the dress Skin,color shade to echo Sun in explanation??,or is it the dirt that mud's from Human mouths with a language of dried apricot seeping??Interest drawn from a cloud to expel the waist as the flake in a gentle strain,floating once a walking hand,now Time is ages Kind.Galaxy of Solar Systems in method,science scrapes that Big Bang than asked,is life exit to this planet strapped??No,for on that grace of that escape the simple blast,starry strip gave raise,in puddles of drip to circle of lives,drawn yet not understood!!Stripe and Roads the Trade paths that grain to people proportion,civilizations said that distance pane,windows of the gut to tongue as expression lump,in throat it must get a crop,cow that to the bellow of the stomach on starving for any bass.keen in Universal song!!Imagine a Planet with life the same that did not become engrossed with religion as it's yoke, chain and rule. Than add the sum of those 2000 years of halt the growth of mankind in humanity through all the murdering that everybody is aware that just the Catholic Church is responsible for in history. Should humanity not be stifled and the growth of evolved naturally than the concept of a 'wormhole' in space would be no more or no less than a tunnel through Time to the point of understanding a Train from a Station to Station; i.e. Bart. A tunnel running underneath the bay connecting San Francisco to the East Bay is an example of traveling through basic molecule. Albeit water the question to know is 'what is Space'.
Basic fact is should the Bay Bridge not exist then the land route to Oakland from San Francisco would be how much longer or how much more difficult. Would this be a problem or just take longer to actually know that getting from A to B on any given traveling day would take tremendously longer. Now that is fact, and any person can understand that with the pictures included that 2000 years of religious retardant has in reality badly retarded humanity.
Fact, the Catholic Religion has wiped Civilizations out, murdered them for not converting. Now count the civilizations that studied the stars and now scientists have finally proved that those records that are still here available for study are in exact to those Star Systems. The real question is why does the Catholic Dioceses dedicate any study to the stars should their teachings be only of .....well I am sure at this simple juncture you may ask yourself that question in a very polite shift to a schedule that provides growth and does not say how badly society has been fleeced by that system of the methodology of the Church or is it the People on it's skirt??
Just think of Space as Land Mass.
Posted:2016-12-05 02:50:45 UTC-08:00Feast on the special shore of the singing majesty of the truth in a perfect stride to the doors of still sing,grace be that fracture to whom still plugs path on ground,may the voice of warmth cator the loss to this I sing with your travel on earth of love,it is the language of magic to the ears I cannot speak,might this visible only in the theme!!Feeling the list of crowded by bed??,is the war on the worry stopped in the sigh??,or is the fret that guitars continue to play to those sides??Shed not those cheeks of smiling shredded as that is the hugs that will bring to more than sky,foster not a kid be of the family on letter,written in the formal place of knowing,I sing back to the stuck a measure of glides that harpists only dream,As sew eloquence to that stage,it is in the inch that only an exit would stair??,each thought to memorized in memory of every spine,fill this vista of the between to counting every each independent communication,sway I to state of the wheat so that my every action will describe those that I shield,In this private note to those that stork the lock on lossed,be found,beyond this Pane Window more to the shores of alive,galaxies on the scene to the Universe of such lived,across the Milky Way listen??,for not all drink that glass of gone,some chose to stay??,no,Be bright to each form of wonder as it is the life of so Storm,in the breeze may you see the zone of just a feather in a shadows description,for in silents its the grace that makes each thought the name of simple delight,for many Heron gravely creams have been forgotten, left to the tend of people just bomb,be sure to speak in just a whisper as the Wind does say to truth.Comfort is the duds on earth,a simple smile,that grin,the dimples with a chortle to laugh,tears are always common ground yet in even that it is the task to remind remember,these are the song(s)!!!!!!
Textual Witness ~ Genre of Pharaonic Literature? 'Teachings' And 'Instructions' And Proves To Form Writ Or Is It The Printed That Ethic Teachings Focused On The United States of America "Way Of A Living Trust"
Posted:2016-12-02 07:19:52 UTC-08:00A number of passages in the Instruction of Amenemope have been compared with the Book of Proverbs, including:(Proverbs 22:17-18):"Incline thine ear, and hear the words of the wise, And apply thine heart to my doctrine; For it is pleasant if thou keep them in thy belly, that they may be established together upon thy lips"(Amenemope, ch. 1):"Give thine ear, and hear what I say, And apply thine heart to apprehend; It is good for thee to place them in thine heart, let them rest in the casket of thy belly; That they may act as a peg upon thy tongue"(Proverbs 22:22):"Rob not the poor, for he is poor, neither oppress (or crush) the lowly in the gate."(Amenemope, ch. 2):"Beware of robbing the poor, and oppressing the afflicted."(Proverbs 22:24-5): "Do not befriend the man of anger, Nor go with a wrathful man, Lest thou learn his ways and take a snare for thy soul."(Amenemope, ch. 10): "Associate not with a passionate man, Nor approach him for conversation; Leap not to cleave to such an one; That terror carry thee not away."(Proverbs 22:29):"[if you] You see a man quick in his work, before kings will he stand, before cravens, he will not stand."(Amenemope, ch. 30):"A scribe who is skillful in his business findeth worthy to be a courtier"(Proverbs 23:1):"When thou sittest to eat with a ruler, Consider diligently what is before thee; And put a knife to thy throat, If thou be a man given to appetite. Be not desirous of his dainties, for they are breads of falsehood."(Amenemope, ch. 23): "Eat not bread in the presence of a ruler, And lunge not forward(?) with thy mouth before a governor(?). When thou art replenished with that to which thou has no right, It is only a delight to thy spittle. Look upon the dish that is before thee, And let that (alone) supply thy need." (see above)(Proverbs 23:4-5):"Toil not to become rich, And cease from dishonest gain; For wealth maketh to itself wings, Like an eagle that flieth heavenwards"(Amenemope, ch. 7):"Toil not after riches; If stolen goods are brought to thee, they remain not over night with thee. They have made themselves wings like geese. And have flown into the heavens."(Proverbs 14:7):"Speak not in the hearing of a fool, for he will despise the wisdom of thy words"(Amenemope, ch. 21):"Empty not thine inmost soul to everyone, nor spoil (thereby) thine influence"(Proverbs 23:10): "Remove not the widows landmark; And enter not into the field of the fatherless."(Amenemope, ch. 6): "Remove not the landmark from the bounds of the field...and violate not the widows boundary"(Proverbs 23:12):"Apply thine heart unto instruction and thine ears to the words of knowledge"(Amenemope, ch. 1):"Give thine ears, hear the words that are said, give thine heart to interpret them."
Posted:2016-11-30 04:16:14 UTC-08:00A fine supplemental to the people.love Fear,engage it in your deepest sleep??,and then........you wake and in the still of night the darkest hour The Shadow People appear??,you are stifled,you can not move,your ankle is the mirror.Your reflection is the grace of you,you are outside on your human sole,the held is what of that in the frozen key,Ga a Billion,Ma a Million,Ka a thousand years upon this Earth of what is true compass to the fright in each persons resident toll.Skating such dimmer in the light of only a shadow,the event of light as the echo of just is,great export to increase all the revelations at the be borrow of what is a coal??Creases the hemisphere to Time on Mankind,tunnels of talk to raise the eyes in the lid of what is coming frost Heaven or the Hell of ground did by Space,an economy that goes to Ezekiel to priest a fathom on the engine of bisque,government once the religion of which craft rules your temple??Ah haw the french to the cheek of dish,a kiss on that is the grin of a smiling hint to giggle the beast as knowledge a bowl on in cents,to the pen knee at the fashion of address,quarry an amount and the calculous Monks to the boo duh at the apron of skirt??Challenge port to what on the Confuse shh is talk the Tear row,or is the plain as the buff a lo a loud to know that each earth bound equator of ice is meet Tee ore at duh Feet test.Be Con to that is the light House for the silence of these rounds to mark a more's code decks,travel the journal as the can tour and begin to comprehend that list of crowded gossip equips,harness yowl to hop the a fence that is the bare E! or at Media drink,once upon the time the Catholic was the distributor as why??,reading and wrighting??,a on off again to dial the Numbers of chapter and versus,control of the Trolls,galloping the plank Ton,krill fish Schools of fill office See!!Drank that shall low to know the bottom of the Well,as the stones measure what depth of how is the Wine,a glass have full did these Jars,dough neigh shin to Watt tour is the eclectic Vary hence,drop a noun add a jog and the belly of the gut may have delivered more than a let tour!!
Posted:2016-11-25 10:25:41 UTC-08:00Shall I hasten the grasp of sand at the shale of the grit in humanity on the shoed,the bodily grape to the vine on a wire of more is code decks,the porch of denial to the compass of the sin as the religious grate to the gear shafting Wing,over that Cross to the nails in hand as per the crew^see^fixed to dilation of the Ayes in societies,people rose to the thorn of Nettles to sting the grace??,no apron to that string as the length of The Chant on the middle East shoppers Mall!!Discipline gave what Sport to kill the played measure,did it go Police, Cop, Officer??,was the Owe limb Pick role fake??,1968.Breakfast for Supper in the dinner of the thought at the Prayer,is the Ankle??,what thereof is the Idea that the Round is of Circle to the lathe of Madness??Jesse Owens His victory (pictured right) saw him surrounded by people giving the Nazi salute to Hitler
Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3456493/Olympic-legend-Jesse-Owens-tried-stop-giving-black-power-salute-1986-games-Tommie-Smith-reveals-feud-never-settled.html#ixzz4R2ouZ8sI
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What Continent must drain more blood to recognize the land at Speak,the symptom of Wares,is The World a place.mat to say that we live or a ditch to burrow??The Awl!!..lives matter in the particle of what color is the light at the energy of list,that is the nice piece of what is the wording for the Hell of repeat to World War II,or is the File??,the nails as this sharpens the point to say to the American what is your Ball,does the Salute gamble to a hands nair.row of spread,is than it called add were ding Eagle??Is it only the spelling of cyst on the tour of the ground dead fly,is the desert so far that the air-rid fleece do not felt the troubling skeet on the Sweat.Tours life??,what say the bough of Trees in your steady ramp to the Rope in hand??,is it the truth that drives this vein to grab the Tile of Shingle bile,is the vomit the bough's to branch lunch??Where for Out thou color.Ring books to crayon Inn,it the posture to verbally black Mail the stamp or is the Passport on the shipping Sale that floats your stool??Variable my yoddle to the feast of Man.shun as that As.Tech trial is done to Texts Stinger,the Scorpian frost of the Tale,rattles as the Cobra merries the Snake's rival to answer the river under the Falls!!Feeds and harbor of fiddling priests,the verb telling noun of the adjective on the preposition,expressing a sentence.
Posted:2016-11-25 07:22:02 UTC-08:00Shall I dense the dancing of Times in the Ages of Moons on the Suns of tune,shard of note to the Corn of stock is the Watering whole as the Strong Find,shipping lane to thought of the Egyptian chisel as I stood to Wall,the hammer with each tap to grace the clay sand to write a Stood,thorough to the Sphere oh what the Universe to sing Cosmic grains??,no this is the Truth by the Compass of lives lived as the Breeze in it the Gentle expression of grass sway!!Sheep on the Mountain as the storm ran to told,striding through Orion's Belt way to path of earth,wise is the memory of Words,standing on to forward Trues,compass of ships that wrote to say to Brave,eagles floor is the majesty of delight from the breadth of life!!Creation found flight as Evolution I truss to the Roof topped??,never in the Infinite!!Ever-lasting are the cent to that Copper Teak,jade and the gold grains that flow,such hands in the now of rice must only calendar a sought to this Tremendous Sight,how that is the brilliance of harness to a bit bridle changed,height for my mind to glee is the feeling of breast on the Vest of Mankind,climbing the Vast in a Vista of LAND!!May the famine of speech to the aggrieved by sound to question of apathetic sorting of filing shore,as the teach came with Ancient scene,eyes that brought to that collection simplicity to threshold stored,in my method of wheat as the fashion of address,so much on my memorized stature to love the day with just said!!Heave not humanity as the cold is nor chore to the frozen Ton.draw,for life is expressed with each price at the footprints tile of spine,every ankle of leg to the girth of why is the tide on the waves,be further than no moment as that is the gift of a Redwood to the standard of Grove,it is the measure of ole tied full,vernacular to the type shine with grin smiling the shin!!Hard Tales to dial,however it is the shale speaking through,with dust there is the sky,while the scramble may felt to only a rub it is the Trees that ring mastery to memoire,hymns that swam to sing belief!!
Description Is Warring With Society And What Was That Word, Social Dogma Has Content Of Rough Sketch Of Actus reus??
Posted:2016-11-24 12:42:48 UTC-08:00Fallen officer Benjamin Marconi, 50 years old and a 20-year veteran of the force is dead. Shot twice in the head late Sunday morning. Det. Benjamin Marconi was murdered. The execution of Det. Benjamin Marconi took place while writing a ticket out in his patrol car November 20, 2016 just outside of police headquarters. https://www.odmp.org/officer/23035-detective-benjamin-edward-marconiDetective Marconi served with the San Antonio Police Department for 20 years. He is survived by his two children.Digestion of what the News Media advertises,the streets and forgetting the starts,just stats on their mind is a society full to reams of blind to what made that sharp!!
Traveling the bell ring,it is not liberty that bet my candor to this private note barrel,it is the people whom ignorant words,oh for the Ancient pine!!Across the galaxy to land of this world of pours,portion to ladle of the brains on lice,infections at character are those shoulder pumping shoes??Rounds tax the Circle??wish at the star and know the Universe is at Watch too.Be from and then ask what is a comb,to brush painting on thousands of years,plates.
Two New York City police officers are shot and killed in a brazen ambush in Brooklyn - The Washington PostContinent to Ocean on the shards,bones remain,yet what of the yarn??Threads are the skin that bank suits,dressed for the fair of human again!!Wainscot.10/31/2016 at 1:26 PM
Feel that pulse to find a 'morrow while the audience of civilizations shield,as I know of history and the breakaway it is that final wire??,listen to the sound of the World,denial hems to tuck the style!!So ancient these days of mile core mile,each galloping breath the steam of fog as people breathe,from deep yard to mounting shore,even sand acknowledges by rolling wave to shore a dial.Television showing the warm-up to kneeled,what is in that cream a tore read of pass at Flag and field of grassed,is this a privacy of happened to clarify that dream or is it reality with only a scene,are the toe's in wriggle is War on that fiddle??Stream this video in my mind to why is the brain touching keen,through and threw at application will this country skill askew to a ray^shin,is martyr the known air on radio??Wise would be Men to character more than a kept,from what I have said in simple writes to what is left,it is the clock in the sun that tells,a time at place in hells kit^chins!!Written by I, Karen A. Placek at 5:27 PM on 10/30/2016
Mens reaFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Criminal law Elements Scope of criminal liability Severity of offense Inchoate offenses Offence against the person Crimes against property Crimes against justice Victimless crimes Crimes against animals Defences to liability Other common-law areas PortalsMens rea (/ /; Latin for "guilty mind") is the mental element of a crime. It is a necessary element of many crimes.The standard common law test of criminal liability is expressed in the Latin phrase actus reus non facit reum nisi mens sit rea, i.e. "the act is not culpable unless the mind is guilty". In jurisdictions with due process, there must be both actus reus ("guilty act") and mens rea for a defendant to be guilty of a crime (see concurrence). As a general rule, someone who acted without mental fault is not liable in criminal law. Exceptions are known as strict liability crimes.In civil law, it is usually not necessary to prove a subjective mental element to establish liability for breach of contract or tort, for example. But if a tort is intentionally committed or a contract is intentionally breached, such intent may increase the scope of liabilityand the damages payable to the plaintiff.In some jurisdictions, the terms mens rea and actus reus have been replaced by alternative terminology. In Australia, mens rea is now called "fault elements" or "mental elements" and actus reus is now called "physical elements" or "external elements". The point of the changes was to replace obscure Latin with simpler words.
Levels of mens reaUnder the traditional common law, the guilt or innocence of a person relied upon whether he had committed the crime (actus reus), and whether he intended to commit the crime (mens rea). However, many modern penal codes have created levels of mens reacalled modes of culpability, which depend on the surrounding elements of the crime: the conduct, the circumstances, and the result, or what the Model Penal Code calls CAR (conduct, attendant circumstances, result). The definition of a crime is thus constructed using only these elements rather than the colorful language of mens rea:Murder is the unlawful killing of a human being with malice aforethought.— 18 U.S.C. §1111 (traditional common law)A person commits an offense if he:
(1) intentionally or knowingly causes the death of an individual— portion of Texas Penal Code ch. 19 §19.02 (modern offense element)The traditional common law definitions and the modern definitions approach the crime from different angles.In the traditional common law approach, the definition includes:
Modern law approaches the analysis somewhat differently. Homicide is a "results" crime in that it forbids any "intentional" or "knowing" conduct that results in the death of another human being. "Intentional" in this sense means the actor possessed a "purpose" or "desire" that his or her objective (i.e. death of another human being) be achieved. "Knowing" means that the actor was aware or practically certain that the death would result. Thus, the actus reus and mens rea of homicide in a modern criminal statute can be considered as follows:
- actus reus: unlawful killing of a human being;
- mens rea: malice aforethought.
In the modern approach, the attendant circumstances tend to replace the traditional mens rea, indicating the level of culpability as well as other circumstances. For example, the crime of theft of government property would include as an attendant circumstance that the property belong to the government.
- actus reus: any conduct resulting in the death of another individual;
- mens rea: intent or knowledge that the conduct would result in the death.
Modes of culpabilityThe levels of mens rea and the distinction between them vary between jurisdictions. Although common law originated from England, the common law of each jurisdiction with regard to culpability varies as precedents and statutes vary.
England and Wales
- Direct intention: the actor has a clear foresight of the consequences of his actions, and desires those consequences to occur. It's his aim or purpose to achieve this consequence (death).
- Oblique intention: the result is a virtually certain consequence or a 'virtual certainty' of the defendant's actions, and that the defendant appreciates that such was the case.
- Knowingly: the actor knows, or should know, that the results of his conduct are reasonably certain to occur.
- Recklessness: the actor foresees that particular consequences may occur and proceeds with the given conduct, not caring whether those consequences actually occur or not.
- Criminal negligence: the actor did not actually foresee that the particular consequences would flow from his actions, but a reasonable person, in the same circumstances, would have foreseen those consequences.
- Intention: the accused willingly committed a criminal act entirely aware of his actions and their consequences. Necessary for murder and for assault.
- Recklessness: the accused was aware the criminal act could be potentially dangerous but did not give a second thought to its consequences, for example involuntary culpable homicide.
- Negligence: the accused unintentionally committed the criminal act by accident for one reason or another. However this tends not to be a valid excuse.
State criminal lawThe vast majority of criminal prosecutions in the United States are carried out by the component states in accordance with the laws of the state in question. Historically, the states (with the partial exception of civil-law Louisiana) applied common-law rules of mens rea similar to those extant in England, but over time American understandings of common-law mens rea terms diverged from those of English law and from each other. By the late 1950s to early 1960s, the common law of mens rea was widely acknowledged to be a slippery, vague, confused mess. This was one of several factors that led to the development of the Model Penal Code.
Model Penal CodeSince its publication in 1957, the formulation of mens rea set forth in the Model Penal Code has been highly influential throughout North America in clarifying the discussion of the different modes of culpability.
Except for strict liability, these classes of mens rea are defined in Section 2.02(2) of the MPC.
- Strict liability: the actor engaged in conduct and his mental state is irrelevant. Under Model Penal Code Section 2.05, this mens rea may only be applied where the forbidden conduct is a mere violation, i.e. a civil infraction.
- Negligently: a "reasonable person" would be aware of a "substantial and unjustifiable risk" that his conduct is of a prohibited nature, will lead to a prohibited result, and/or is under prohibited attendant circumstances, and the human-individual was not so aware but should have been.
- Recklessly: the human-individual consciously disregards a "substantial and unjustifiable risk" that his conduct is of a prohibited nature, will lead to a prohibited result, and/or is of a prohibited nature.
- Knowingly: the human-individual is practically certain that his conduct will lead to the result, or is aware to a high probability that his conduct is of a prohibited nature, or is aware to a high probability that the attendant circumstances exist.
- Purposefully: the human-individual has the "conscious object" of engaging in conduct and believes or hopes that the attendant circumstances exist.
Federal criminal lawAs the federal government of the United States does not have a generalized police power like that of the states, the scope of its criminal statutes is necessarily circumscribed; ordinary prosecutions are the province of the states, and only crimes of special federal import are pursued by the federal government. Consequently, Title 18 of the United States Code does not have a culpability scheme but relies on more traditional definitions of crimes taken from common law. For example, malice aforethought is used as a requirement for committing capital murder.
CanadaThe Supreme Court of Canada has found that the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms guarantees a minimum requirement for the mental state of various crimes. For example, the crime of murder must include a mental requirement of at least subjective foresight of death. For crimes where imprisonment is a sanction, there is a requirement of at least a defence of due diligence.
AustraliaMens rea needs to be proved by prosecution from offence to offence. If it is a common law offence, mens rea is found out by relevant precedent (DPP v Morgan  AC 182). Where the offence is in legislation, the requisite mens rea is found by interpreting the intention of the legislation (He Kaw Teh). They must intend to commit the full offence. 
Ignorance of the law and mens reaThe general rule under common law is that "ignorance of the law or a mistake of law is no defense to criminal prosecution." In some cases, courts have held if knowledge of a law, or the intent to break a law, is a material element of an offense a defendant may use ignorance as a defense to willfulness if his misunderstanding is in good faith:The proliferation of statutes and regulations has sometimes made it difficult for the average citizen to know and comprehend the extent of the duties and obligations imposed by the tax laws. . . . [T]he Court almost 60 years ago interpreted the statutory term "willfully" as used in federal criminal tax statutes as carving out an exception to the traditional rule."Crimes like tax evasion are specific intent crimes and require intent to violate the law as an element of the offense. In R. v. Klundert, for example, the Ontario Court of Appeal found as follows:
Not all offenses require specific intent, and a misreading, even in good faith, may not excuse the criminal conduct. A good-faith belief that a law is unjust or unconstitutional is no excuse, but "reasonable compliance upon an official statement of law, afterward determined to be invalid or erroneous" does not constitute a criminal act.
- " Section 239(1)(d) is part of an Act which is necessarily and notoriously complex. It is subject to ongoing revision. No lay person is expected to know all the complexities of the tax laws. It is accepted that people will act on the advice of professionals and that the advice will often turn on the meanings to be given to provisions in the Act that are open to various interpretations. Furthermore, it is accepted that one may legitimately structure one’s affairs so as to minimize tax liability. Considered in this legislative context, I have no difficulty in holding that a mistake or ignorance as to one’s liability to pay tax under the Act may negate the fault requirement in the provision, regardless of whether it is a factual mistake, a legal mistake, or a combination of both."
Subjective and objective testsThe test for the existence of mens rea may be:
The court will have little difficulty in establishing mens rea if there is actual evidence – for instance, if the accused made an admissible admission. This would satisfy a subjectivetest. But a significant proportion of those accused of crimes make no such admissions. Hence, some degree of objectivity must be brought to bear as the basis upon which to impute the necessary component(s). It is always reasonable to assume that people of ordinary intelligence are aware of their physical surroundings and of the ordinary laws of cause and effect (see causation). Thus, when a person plans what to do and what not to do, he will understand the range of likely outcomes from given behaviour on a sliding scale from "inevitable" to "probable" to "possible" to "improbable". The more an outcome shades towards the "inevitable" end of the scale, the more likely it is that the accused both foresaw and desired it, and, therefore, the safer it is to impute intention. If there is clear subjective evidence that the accused did not have foresight, but a reasonable person would have, the hybrid test may find criminal negligence. In terms of the burden of proof, the requirement is that a jury must have a high degree of certainty before convicting, defined as "beyond a reasonable doubt" in the United States and "sure" in the United Kingdom. It is this reasoning that justifies the defenses of infancy, and of lack of mental capacity under the M'Naghten Rules, an alternate common law rule (e.g., Durham test), and one of various statutes defining mental illness as an excuse. Moreover, if there is an irrebuttable presumption of doli incapax - that is, that the accused did not have sufficient understanding of the nature and quality of his actions – then the requisite mens rea is absent no matter what degree of probability might otherwise have been present. For these purposes, therefore, where the relevant statutes are silent and it is for the common law to form the basis of potential liability, the reasonable person must be endowed with the same intellectual and physical qualities as the accused, and the test must be whether an accused with these specific attributes would have had the requisite foresight and desire.In English law, s8 Criminal Justice Act 1967 provides a statutory framework within which mens rea is assessed. It states:
- (a) subjective, where the court must be satisfied that the accused actually had the requisite mental element present in his or her mind at the relevant time (for purposely, knowingly, recklessly etc) (see concurrence);
- (b) objective, where the requisite mens rea element is imputed to the accused, on the basis that a reasonable person would have had the mental element in the same circumstances (for negligence); or
- (c) hybrid, where the test is both subjective and objective.
Under s8(b) therefore, the jury is allowed a wide latitude in applying a hybrid test to impute intention or foresight (for the purposes of recklessness) on the basis of all the evidence.
- A court or jury, in determining whether a person has committed an offense,
- (a) shall not be bound in law to infer that he intended or foresaw a result of his actions by reasons only of its being a natural and probable consequence of those actions; but
- (b) shall decide whether he did intend or foresee that result by reference to all the evidence, drawing such inferences from the evidence as appear proper in the circumstances.
Relevance of motive
This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (July 2008) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)One of the mental components often raised in issue is that of motive. If the accused admits to having a motive consistent with the elements of foresight and desire, this will add to the level of probability that the actual outcome was intended (it makes the prosecution case more credible). But if there is clear evidence that the accused had a different motive, this may decrease the probability that he or she desired the actual outcome. In such a situation, the motive may become subjective evidence that the accused did not intend, but was reckless or willfully blind.Motive cannot be a defense. If, for example, a person breaks into a laboratory used for the testing of pharmaceuticals on animals, the question of guilt is determined by the presence of an actus reus, i.e. entry without consent and damage to property, and a mens rea, i.e. intention to enter and cause the damage. That the person might have had a clearly articulated political motive to protest such testing does not affect liability. If motive has any relevance, this may be addressed in the sentencing part of the trial, when the court considers what punishment, if any, is appropriate.
IntentionMain article: Intention (criminal law)
Recklessness (United States: "willful blindness")In such cases, there is clear subjective evidence that the accused foresaw but did not desire the particular outcome. When the accused failed to stop the given behavior, he took the risk of causing the given loss or damage. There is always some degree of intention subsumed within recklessness. During the course of the conduct, the accused foresees that he may be putting another at risk of injury: A choice must be made at that point in time. By deciding to proceed, the accused actually intends the other to be exposed to the risk of that injury. The greater the probability of that risk maturing into the foreseen injury, the greater the degree of recklessness and, subsequently, sentence rendered. For example, at common law, an unlawful homicide committed recklessly would ordinarily constitute the crime of voluntary manslaughter. One committed with "extreme" or "gross"recklessness as to human life would constitute murder, sometimes defined as "depraved heart" or "abandoned and malignant heart" murder.
Criminal negligenceMain article: Criminal negligenceHere, the test is both subjective and objective. There is credible subjective evidence that the particular accused neither foresaw nor desired the particular outcome, thus potentially excluding both intention and recklessness. But a reasonable person with the same abilities and skills as the accused would have foreseen and taken precautions to prevent the loss and damage being sustained. Only a small percentage of offences are defined with this mens rea requirement. Most legislatures prefer to base liability on either intention or recklessness and, faced with the need to establish recklessness as the default mens rea for guilt, those practising in most legal systems rely heavily on objective tests to establish the minimum requirement of foresight for recklessness.
Posted:2016-11-23 14:55:21 UTC-08:00
As the average led looks in.side of another world the venue is of the out write to know,the basis for the beech is to learn of the wrote,it is the Uniform that has great portion and upped the trending to now??,know it was my honor to an Officer and his horse on a day that lasts for all times!!The National Media had breaking News and what is the tab??,two hundred twenty-five views to Market price,public league of pay,these are the faxed??,is it a question to the Officer down??,or is the truth morning.What than makes the used store,is it the memory or the Chess,a piece of Wares!!Be not alarmed as the Siren is well to the Watch,these are the notes to know row^Men POE IT's,
ask the eye land and thus the travel in viewed,
for the backup is a slide??
Grace to fracture is painful,the fax to hand a figure makes template a Goods yesterday,it is the patience that marks this to date,therefrom the reliance is the scene to counter.Numb burrs the Chills of the goose,it is the duck feather that said to the lake of frost,ice makes the watered,Neet gives the glass a shot the tumbler is the fill,these backs that have raft to ask,why is it awl write instead of the gossip on sight,safety, safety, safety a radio formula.Remind the car to actual,the window on the thermals,vest to wise,eyes up as the facts tell the view of how trending shares.The great forest of Mankind the humanity that gave cruel stitch to people's minds,as the parade of persons goes to the hem what is the planet of their girth,in billets to bit the bridle and the rein,as that is not even the mounting of the horse of their voice,in vernacular shores the scratch to only stale dry irons as the plate,it is the crock of melted lumber to twine a twig,the branches that timber does hold to graves and Tombs.In ancient very clear,the mass on the planet in the earth of a hemisphere to touch equator of realities,the Cosmic grow to a field of more is the path of which race at the thermal chill,is it the proud working flesh to bleed the dirt to muddy weeps,are the tiers in the ocean a wave of song to sing lyrics of the reef,is a fossil in a bone fragment the Tell of Times in Ages of traveling Walls with chisel Hammered in clause,quire to that and the galaxy speaks a Universe to compass a clued.Shall the ring change to that than the Milky Waves on a sleigh is the mappers Chi old,only on entry to language does the voice clay,as each wording cranes to chore the egg,a scramble of scrabble thus the sands??.
look to the meaning of a sky at the 22nd Star in the Northern Constellation,
those names that bring morning to dawn,
Being of the Ages!!!From that grain to the Salts,a table set for the silver,the gold in the mountain to forge the valley a bridge as the cave is minor grade to collection,waltzing with the farther is the explosive conservation of what is a brain to the skull,in thigh to elbow room a particle gene to why is a cell in the spinal flew,warning of the hots that frogs boil slowly as the leper reaps only the style of whelp,blue Neighs to swelling in that form is the dust in a jackets filed.Truss roof with Viola on a piano bench as the sky is the show a cloud in the pour'n,water from the earth filing a claim.A twister to the mid of charge electricity on the gems,diamonds sculpted in exculpatory sheer as the dig is the rig that knows of the core,in through to a scene as the pearl or the bean magic is nigh the magic of life on the themes,be of the ground to land the foot in rule of measuring what is a mile,to that is the freeway of those ease bringing I the character of the signed pause,for even divide the tag line to a Watch,this is the posture of position and life is the learn of a lived!!!!!!
Posted:2016-11-23 09:59:02 UTC-08:00October 25th, 2016 at 6:09 pmShout or shove the tool tacking what is a bit piece,is it the counter of only the pad dock,or fact to the theme??How must the girth be a cinch to the tight ten,is the count a value to measure the rule of cadence or dig??Chase the mouse to mice at peanuts butter,the crave of milk to a verse in a Means,system a thought with a wink.Fashion only the address of a vocal language speaking to drive,the gears are not the call interupt,as commerce to what is the screen,is it reality or the throttle of in Gins and beans??Should the tribe of a country travel the dolls,valley a puppet and string bridges to Pi,as the math of the height is question to step??,than why would the strength take time on the song??Shall lyrics grasp gauge that more than it banked??,does person to persons revoke or deep wrote,each pause to a feather or the tickle be brand,is the century shallow or is the eye brow just aye??African-American history branch of American history that specifically discusses the African-American or Black American ethnic groups in the United States. ..... Most African Americans are the descendants of Africans forcibly brought to .... Blacks from the Caribbean whose ancestors immigrated...African Americans have been known by various names throughout American history, including colored and Negro, which are no longer accepted in English. Instead the most usual and accepted terms nowadays are African American and Black, which however may have different connotations (see African American#Terminology)....
Oct 20, 2015 - By Eric Easter – The debate over what black people call themselves spans centuries. While people think it is a relatively recent term, ...
Posted:2016-11-23 09:20:00 UTC-08:00
Bureau of Land ManagementFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Bureau of Land Management
Bureau of Land Management Triangle
Flag of the Bureau of Land Management
Agency overview Formed 1946; 70 years ago Preceding agencies Jurisdiction United States federal government Headquarters 1849 C Street NW Room 5665, Washington, D.C., U.S. 20240 Employees 11,621 Permanent and 30,860 Volunteer (FY 2012) Annual budget $1,162,000,000 (FY 2014 operating) Agency executive
- Neil Kornze, Director
Parent agency U.S. Department of the Interior Website blm.govThe Bureau of Land Management (BLM) is an agency within the United States Department of the Interior that administers more than 247.3 million acres (1,001,000 km2) of public lands in the United States which constitutes one-eighth of the landmass of the country. President Harry S. Truman created the BLM in 1946 by combining two existing agencies: the General Land Office and the Grazing Service. The agency manages the federal government's nearly 700 million acres (2,800,000 km2) of subsurface mineral estate located beneath federal, state and private lands severed from their surface rights by the Homestead Act of 1862. Most BLM public lands are located in these 12 western states: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington and Wyoming.The mission of the BLM is "to sustain the health, diversity, and productivity of the public lands for the use and enjoyment of present and future generations." Originally BLM holdings were described as "land nobody wanted" because homesteaders had passed them by. All the same, ranchers hold nearly 18,000 permits and leases for livestock grazing on 155 million acres (630,000 km2) of BLM public lands. The agency manages 221 wilderness areas, 23 national monuments and some 636 other protected areas as part of the National Landscape Conservation System totaling about 30 million acres (120,000 km2). There are more than 63,000 oil and gas wells on BLM public lands. Total energy leases generated approximately $5.4 billion in 2013, an amount divided among the Treasury, the states, and Native American groups.
HistoryThe BLM's roots go back to the Land Ordinance of 1785 and the Northwest Ordinance of 1787. These laws provided for the survey and settlement of the lands that the original 13 colonies ceded to the federal government after the American Revolution.As additional lands were acquired by the United States from Spain, France and other countries, the United States Congressdirected that they be explored, surveyed, and made available for settlement. During the Revolutionary War, military bounty land was promised to soldiers who fought for the colonies. After the war, the Treaty of Paris of 1783, signed by the United States, England, France, and Spain, ceded territory to the United States. In the 1780s, other states relinquished their own claims to land in modern-day Ohio. By this time, the United States needed revenue to function. Land was sold so that the government would have money to survive. In order to sell the land, surveys needed to be conducted. The Land Ordinance of 1785 instructed a geographer to oversee this work as undertaken by a group of surveyors. The first years of surveying were completed by trial and error; once the territory of Ohio had been surveyed, a modern public land survey system had been developed. In 1812, Congress established the General Land Office as part of the Department of the Treasury to oversee the disposition of these federal lands. By the early 1800s, promised bounty land claims were finally fulfilled.Over the years, other bounty land and homestead laws were enacted to dispose of federal land. Several different types of patents existed. These include cash entry, credit, homestead, Indian, military warrants, mineral certificates, private land claims, railroads, state selections, swamps, town sites, and town lots. A system of local land offices spread throughout the territories, patenting land that was surveyed via the corresponding Office of the Surveyor General of a particular territory. This pattern gradually spread across the entire United States. The laws that spurred this system with the exception of the General Mining Law of 1872 and the Desert Land Act of 1877 have since been repealed or superseded.In the early 20th century, Congress took additional steps toward recognizing the value of the assets on public lands and directed the Executive Branch to manage activities on the remaining public lands. The Mineral Leasing Act of 1920 allowed leasing, exploration, and production of selected commodities, such as coal, oil, gas, and sodium to take place on public lands. The Taylor Grazing Act of 1934 established the United States Grazing Service to manage the public rangelands by establishment of advisory boards that set grazing fees. The Oregon and California Revested Lands Sustained Yield Management Act of 1937, commonly referred as the O&C Act, required sustained yield management of the timberlands in western Oregon.In 1946, the Grazing Service was merged with the General Land Office to form the Bureau of Land Management within the Department of the Interior. It took several years for this new agency to integrate and reorganize. In the end, the Bureau of Land Management became less focused on land disposal and more focused on the long term management and preservation of the land. The agency achieved its current form by combining offices in the western states and creating a corresponding office for lands both east of and alongside the Mississippi River. As a matter of course, the BLM's emphasis fell on activities in the western states as most of the mining, land sales, and federally owned areas are located west of the Mississippi.BLM personnel on the ground have typically been oriented toward local interests, while bureau management in Washington are led by presidential guidance. By means of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976, Congress created a more unified bureau mission and recognized the value of the remaining public lands by declaring that these lands would remain in public ownership. The law directed that these lands be managed with a view toward "multiple use" defined as "management of the public lands and their various resource values so that they are utilized in the combination that will best meet the present and future needs of the American people."Since the Reagan years of the 1980s, Republicans have often given priority to local control and to grazing, mining and petroleum production, while Democrats have more often emphasized environmental concerns even when granting mining and drilling leases. In September 1996, then President Bill Clinton used his authority under the Antiquities Actto establish the Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument in southern Utah, the first of now 20 national monuments established on BLM lands and managed by the agency. The establishment of Grand Staircase-Escalante foreshadowed later creation of the BLM's National Landscape Conservation System in 2000. Use of the Antiquities Act authority, to the extent it effectively scuttled a coal mine to have been operated by Andalex Resources, delighted recreation and conservation enthusiasts but set up larger confrontations with state and local authorities. The changing demographics in the western states have led some to suggest that the BLM, long derided as the "Bureau of Livestock and Mines," is in the midst of becoming the "Bureau of Landscapes and Monuments."
- Grazing. The BLM manages livestock grazing on nearly 155 million acres (630,000 km2) million acres under the Taylor Grazing Act of 1934. The agency has granted more than 18,000 permits and leases to ranchers who graze their livestock, mostly cattle and sheep, at least part of the year on BLM public lands. Permits and leases generally cover a 10-year period and are renewable if the BLM determines that the terms and conditions of the expiring permit or lease are being met. The federal grazing fee is adjusted annually and is calculated using a formula originally set by Congress in the Public Rangelands Improvement Act of 1978. Under this formula, the grazing fee cannot fall below $1.35 per animal unit month (AUM), nor can any fee increase or decrease exceed 25 percent of the previous year’s level. The grazing fee for 2014 was set at $1.35 per AUM, the same level as for 2013. Over time there has been a gradual decrease in the amount of grazing that takes place on BLM-managed land. Grazing on public lands has declined from 18.2 million AUMs in 1954 to 7.9 million AUMs in 2013.
- Mining. Domestic production from over 63,000 Federal "onshore" oil and gas wells on BLM lands accounts for 11 percent of the natural gas supply and five percent of the oil supply in the United States. BLM has on record a total of 290,000 mining claims under the General Mining Law of 1872.
- Coal leases. The BLM holds the coal mineral estate to more than 570 million acres (2,300,000 km2) where the owner of the surface is the federal government, a state or local government, or a private entity. As of 2013, the BLM had competitively granted 309 leases for coal mining to 474,252 acres (191,923 ha), an increase of 13,487 acres (5,458 ha) or nearly 3% increase in land subject to coal production over ten years' time.
- Recreation. The BLM administers 205,498 miles (330,717 km) of fishable streams, 2.2 million acres (8,900 km2) of lakes and reservoirs, 6,600 miles (10,600 km) of floatable rivers, over 500 boating access points, 69 National Back Country Byways, and 300 Watchable Wildlife sites. The agency also manages 4,500 miles (7,200 km) of National Scenic, National Historic and National Recreation Trails, as well as thousands of miles of multiple use trails used by motorcyclists, hikers, equestrians, and mountain bikers.In 2013, BLM lands received an estimated 61.7 million recreational visitors.
- California Desert Conservation Area. The California Desert Conservation Area covers 25 million acres (100,000 km2) of land in southern California designated by Congress in 1976 by means of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act. BLM is charged with administering about 10 million acres (40,000 km2) of this fragile area with its potential for multiple uses in mind.
- Timberlands. The Bureau manages 55 million acres (220,000 km2) of forests and woodlands, including 11 million acres (45,000 km2) of commercial forest and 44 million acres (180,000 km2) of woodlands in 11 western states and Alaska. 53 million acres (210,000 km2) are productive forests and woodlands on public domain lands and 2.4 million acres (9,700 km2) are on O&C lands in western Oregon.
- Firefighting. Well in excess of 3,000 full-time equivalent firefighting personnel work for BLM. The agency fought 2,573 fires on BLM-managed lands in fiscal year 2013.
- Mineral rights on Indian lands. As part of its trust responsibilities, the BLM provides technical advice for minerals operations on 56 million acres (230,000 km2) of Indian lands.
- Cadastral surveys. The BLM is the official record keeper for over 200 years' worth of cadastral survey records and plats as part of the Public Land Survey System. In addition, the Bureau still completes numerous new surveys each year, mostly in Alaska, and conducts resurveys to restore obliterated or lost original surveys.
- Abandoned mines. BLM maintains an inventory of known abandoned mines on the lands it manages. As of April 2014, the inventory contained nearly 46,000 sites and 85,000 other features. Approximately 23% of the sites had either been remediated, had reclamation actions planned or underway, or did not require further action. The remaining sites require further investigation. A 2008 Inspector General report alleges that BLM has for decades neglected the dangers represented by these abandoned mines.
- Energy corridors. Approximately 5,000 miles (8,000 km) of energy corridors for pipelines and transmission lines are located on BLM-managed lands.
- Helium. BLM operates the National Helium Reserve near Amarillo, Texas, a program begun in 1925 during the time of the ZeppelinWars. Though the reserve had been set to be moved to private hands, it remains subject to oversight of the BLM under the provisions of the unanimously-passed Responsible Helium Administration and Stewardship Act of 2013.
- Revenue and fees. The BLM produces significant revenue for the United States budget. In 2009, public lands were expected to generate an estimated $6.2 billion in revenues, mostly from energy development. Nearly 43.5 percent of these funds are provided directly to states and counties to support roads, schools, and other community needs.
National Landscape Conservation SystemSee also: National Landscape Conservation SystemEstablished in 2000, the National Landscape Conservation System is overseen by the BLM. The National Landscape Conservation System lands constitute just about 12% of the lands managed by the BLM. Congress passed Title II of the Omnibus Public Land Management Act of 2009 (Public Law 111-11) to make the system a permanent part of the public lands protection system in the United States. By designating these areas for conservation, the law directed the BLM to ensure these places are protected for future generations, similar to national parks and wildlife refuges.
Category Unit Type Number BLM acres BLM miles National Conservation Lands National Monuments 20 5,590,135 acres (22,622.47 km2) National Conservation Lands National Conservation Areas 16 3,671,519 acres (14,858.11 km2) National Conservation Lands Areas Similar to National Conservation Areas 5 436,164 acres (1,765.09 km2) Wilderness Wilderness Areas 221 8,711,938 acres (35,255.96 km2) Wilderness Wilderness Study Areas 528 12,760,472 acres (51,639.80 km2) National Wild and Scenic Rivers National Wild and Scenic Rivers 69 1,001,353 acres (4,052.33 km2) 2,423 miles (3,899 km) National Trails System National Historic Trails 13 5,078 miles (8,172 km) National Trails System National Scenic Trails 5 683 miles (1,099 km) Totals 877 About 30 million acres (120,000 km2) (some units overlap) 8,184 miles (13,171 km)Source: BLM Resources and Statistics
Law enforcement and securityThe BLM, through its Office of Law Enforcement & Security, functions as a federal law enforcement agency of the United States Government. BLM law enforcement rangers and special agents receive their training through Federal Law Enforcement Training Centers (FLETC). Full-time staffing for these positions approaches 300.Uniformed rangers enforce laws and regulations governing BLM lands and resources. As part of that mission, these BLM rangers carry firearms, defensive equipment, make arrests, execute search warrants, complete reports and testify in court. They seek to establish a regular and recurring presence on a vast amount of public lands, roads and recreation sites. They focus on the protection of natural and cultural resources, other BLM employees and visitors. Given the many locations of BLM public lands, these rangers use canines, helicopters, snowmobiles, dirt bikes and boats to perform their duties.By contrast BLM special agents are criminal investigators who plan and conduct investigations concerning possible violations of criminal and administrative provisions of the BLM and other statutes under the United States Code. Special agents are normally plain clothes officers who carry concealed firearms, and other defensive equipment, make arrests, carry out complex criminal investigations, present cases for prosecution to local United States Attorneys and prepare investigative reports. Criminal investigators occasionally conduct internal and civil claim investigations.
Wild horse and burro programSee also: Mustang, Burro, Wild and Free-Roaming Horses and Burros Act of 1971, and List of BLM Herd Management AreasThe BLM manages free-roaming horses and burros on public lands in ten western states. Though they are feral, the agency is obligated to protect them under the Wild and Free-Roaming Horses and Burros Act of 1971 (WFRHBA). As the horses have few natural predators, populations have grown substantially. WFRHBA as enacted provides for the removal of excess animals; the destruction of lame, old, or sick animals; the private placement or adoption of excess animals; and even the destruction of healthy animals if range management required it. In fact, the destruction of healthy or unhealthy horses has almost never occurred. Pursuant to the Public Rangelands Improvement Act of 1978, the BLM has established 179 "herd management areas" (HMAs) covering 31.6 million acres (128,000 km2) acres where feral horses can be found on federal lands.In 1973, BLM began a pilot project on the Pryor Mountains Wild Horse Range known as the Adopt-A-Horse initiative. The program took advantage of provisions in the WFRHBA to allow private "qualified" individuals to "adopt" as many horses as they wanted if they could show that they could provide adequate care for the animals. At the time, title to the horses remained permanently with the federal government. The pilot project was so successful that BLM allowed it to go nationwide in 1976. The Adopt-a-Horse program quickly became the primary method of removing excess feral horses from BLM land given the lack of other viable methods. The BLM also uses limited amounts of contraceptives in the herd, in the form of PZP vaccinations; advocates say that additional use of these vaccines would help to diminish the excess number of horses currently under BLM management.Despite the early successes of the adoption program, the BLM has struggled to maintain acceptable herd levels, as without natural predators, herd sizes can double every four years. As of 2014, there were more than 49,000 horses and burros on BLM-managed land, exceeding the BLM's estimated "appropriate management level" (AML) by almost 22,500.
Renewable energyIn 2009, BLM opened Renewable Energy Coordination Offices in order to approve and oversee wind, solar, biomass, and geothermal projects on BLM-managed lands. The offices were located in the four states where energy companies had shown the greatest interest in renewable energy development: Arizona, California, Nevada, and Wyoming.
- Solar energy. In 2010, BLM approved the first utility-scale solar energy projects on public land. As of 2014, 70 solar energy projects covering 560,000 acres (2,300 km2) had been proposed on public lands managed by BLM primarily located in Arizona, California, and Nevada. To date, it has approved 29 projects that have the potential to generate 8,786 megawatts of renewable energy or enough energy to power roughly 2.6 million homes. The projects range in size from a 45-megawatt photovoltaic system on 422 acres (171 ha) to a 1,000-megawatt parabolic trough system on 7,025 acres (2,843 ha).
- Wind energy. BLM manages 20.6 million acres (83,000 km2) of public lands with wind potential. It has authorized 39 wind energy development projects with a total approved capacity of 5,557 megawatts or enough to supply the power needs of over 1.5 million homes. In addition, BLM has authorized over 100 wind energy testing sites.
- Geothermal energy. BLM manages 59 geothermal leases in producing status, with a total capacity of 1,500 megawatts. This amounts to over 40 percent of the geothermal energy capacity in the United States.
- Biomass and bioenergy. Its large portfolio of productive timberlands leaves BLM with woody biomass among its line of forest products. The biomass is composed of "smaller diameter materials" and other debris that result from timber production and forest management. Though the use of these materials as a renewable resource is nascent, the agency is engaged in pilot projects to increase the use of its biomass supplies in bioenergy programs.
[show]Directors of the BLM 1946–present
Posted:2016-11-23 08:23:08 UTC-08:00October 26th, 2016 at 10:12Virtue is the potter's Fee to what is a berth,in the harbor of pier the boat is a slip,than what is the banana peel to it's skin,is it only the yell low of what drops from the tree??Down vast is more to the much,the ability to girth more than a perch,fish on the once upon a story be lane,the whistle of wares is as the rein be til.To event a larger understanding of lives that go long,before the after in the flame of only twinned,should I adventure to decision and the groves just bank a laughed,the whirl of the wash in the waterfall in bin.To this earth and it's process of what is policy,evaporation gains to the venture in the skied,to grace the ground with hello loud is not that type of aye,for in this I will just be me and that is just a deed??What should the carriage be with friend should the foot go mile,I import more than most and from that I say bye,as that is choice in the shoes of reality,for apron strings just go and spend a human nature's paste!!Forest in the Grove of Trees the Plains of what is Creek,a river starts to journey and all the way is found,a stone to brick the sand for dial the numerous drops of water,now on the stream remember leaves as that is more to filed!!
Posted:2016-11-23 08:04:17 UTC-08:00October 26th, 2016 at 2:55 pmThe treat of what is the balance of closing my open script to blogs at changed,I feel the best of not feeling the platter is sold,just by removing the daily journal the event of what is happening brings port,the pier now is only mine,these places of only the eyes that belong to my candor of review,not the at-large of any harbor to boat away with the charms.My mother did tell me that I would be used by everyone,that the World would just take and then put me to an empty platter,the feed would be for them and that they would be users.This is truth to her words of shock at the time,yet on October 26th, 2016 the rough is only a straddle,for I dismounted and came to only have explored her straight and narrow phase,on many occasion the light had a bit of thunder,than there was always the lightning.As the counter of her bearing the compass was true,the fact that I have opened four blog foundational forms,written on the page and communicated to and on the phone of the day,not a single formula of return,thereby the registered is the receipt.In absent of a mate I have found that privacy will be my speak,that not being of the global strike to what is only the cork of champagne at the leads,to be held by only the fax,I am alone in this world of a signed.
The National Media's Function Is Not To Care About Your Self A Steam For The Real For^Play Off Politics Or What Is Pole^Lit^Tick^Coal Venture^Ring??
Posted:2016-11-23 07:43:33 UTC-08:00
Energy a fascinating subject!! People know it is present however it cannot not be seen, just as the substance of this write?? No.
October 26th at 5:30 pm or so I wrote a tier to speak a Volume!!
My mother told me so many times while growing-up that when I went out into the world to make my way that people would just use me and toss me away like the trash when their done. However she said that it would not be in the way that they could not come back and use me again. Hindsight being 20/20 for all whom are aware of strange happenings, my mother seemed to have practiced this one on me the most. However that is not the point. My mother has called me in the past couple of years just not with as much vigor. So any person that calls to tell me how she is doing please accept this with as much salt as you can possibly muster as my mother is a venture not a mark.
My siblings are wonderful counters to what is a coin. Would it not be strange if persons just called to get a grain of salt to sand their feather of a scratch for the coin in a clock. For the fact that the silents is board and decision has brought lessons from just being alive I have not put pen to witness much of anything as why bother.
Many people I knew growing-up would party while I had decided to take a different path and I chose to work really hard, i.e. you know, that American Dream?? I really went for it, because I was raised to believe that it was real.
As just being a person living life and attempting to achieve the above I have have been surrounded by so much and in addition particular type of people. Oddly these people would do what is self-professing, of course that was after the fact and probably so they could accomplish the above by telling me that they were working on themselves and would not be of that character anymore all while they are walking away, slamming doors and/or loading all my stuff into their cars, it was weird to say the least (note my older sister in Texas: A story blip in one of my blogs). Now the type of people that people claimed to be in lot, pathological liars, malignant narcissists, covert narcissists, narcissists, etc., plus I believe that you can understand the point.
Now to the candor of this message to whom I know has said that they have problems with telling lies. Each of my children has pointed to the other one and said they are telling lies to gain my favor and that would be normal should you all be five years old, however now it is just fact. You have 'cause in's and altogether that makes 'the 'cause in' a grand and wonderful affair of minds that can come together and embrace each other?? The challenges?? Together all of you, and there are a bunch of you can decide to become grand individuals by supporting each other??
So to that entire write saying Hello Rebecca, it is the honest at what is the leader of the chest. As that is such a board game it is Shareshton and Clydey and Johno and Lauren and Kathleen and Kelsey and all of their step-siblings together that gives what I wrote the note to the matter of comprehension.
The subject brought The Champagne to each of you and the reality of what is not conjecture. To that fact that particular people have laughed, and left discovery to only note as gossip and used the tread to passport a conversation of such I say, more power to you as that is a great find for the dinner's I know that you have had with others (another commonly used word on the national news).
Now to put to your day another wonder of the world, Geemie, my mother what an incredible teach too. Oh for the grace of my mother as how she loves all of her grandchildren, however as I know so much is on the edge of her name now say Tottsie as that is the nickname that I whaled to the roam of my life in real sewn. Allow this slow choice of verb to noun to register with her grandchildren as my grandfather gave her that bit of grain to sing the Great Depression of what is a grave to a Yard as humanity is the contagion of the Flew today, kind of cool.lean to taught or Sea.
Just say that life is knowing that love is showing more than a brisk sweep to gather the leaves, it is the promise of my life to hers at a time before you could understand while my older sister was ripping her apart and while we walked downtown in San Francisco at Union Square, funny how that went to the dimes after the ring all in a year of bing, bing, bing.
October 26th, 2016 at 5:22pm
The liar's that have been a constant in my life,the fact that many persons have used me for charging leans to dollars from cruels,a basket full to brim of how bad it is to be kept in the fee's,a regard for this had been lyric's to the song for so long,it is difficult on each day to talk a face value,apron counts to strings that people have attached to my balance of frame.Whether it is the chore to comprise their chart to just a coin,or the measure of how to be sure I never do gain a truth,people on vast trails consistently rise to only pushers of such rides.I wonder to the faces in silents as over the phone its not the change grain,for until the persons are eye to shoulder,the lie continues for the form,this is the reason why I am alone,as it is that face to place that makes all the library come to a chapter of book with one single look.It is as the fill-in the blank comes in rattles and parked,for that compass its different to think on a thought of girth,again I question a speak at a spoke,history has proven that it provides.I travel in quiet to what is the paddle??,no,I journal a note for the feed of the bottle??,no,I say that it's this as the that is the other??,no,I'm honest in blink to know of historical snyc.The tears are in myself in the depth of this oar,for on the telephone I take things with a shake??,for the salt on these wounds are deep and don't move,after that it is clocked like a skunk with a knack,grace be mine for habits bear signs,may the darkness of lie's become more than just die,might the letters that were written in tied with more ribbons,find a Pandora that may explain this big sand,as my heart is harmed to a brace kept on once,it's the upon the story that makes the entire event more than the dealt??Copious amount of what is a rock,the pebbles of mountains and valleys for store,corner a peek and speak to that river,tears on my insides will fill this a bigger,for it is the change that I hope finds me more than a dump,that people will see I would like to be loved,just as I am with no dollar signs boned.
⇝Be sure to tweet your response to the News this A.M. or P.M. or at Noon!! That path has made the News Casting as a full-Core to The Drink of Gin Rum E! at the screen^kneeing of what is a jobs report?? Maybe will Talk and not just speak.
Posted:2016-11-23 06:53:05 UTC-08:00⟰Secretary of State George Shultz (in the dark shirt on the plane ramp) arrived in Santa Rosa on an Air Force jet en route to the Bohemian Grove Friday, July 22, 1988. Traveling with Shultz was then National Security Advisor Colin Powell. This was before Powell was Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and before the Gulf War. Shultz is affiliated with the "Mandalay" camp at the Bohemian Grove and attended the summer gatherings while serving as Secretary of State.
October 27th, 2016 at 11:07 am
The U.S.A. Has not done a study on how much the cellphone has actually cost the economy. On one subject the big sell of ordering online however what not one person has said is how much business is lost just by a person walking by a shop on the street. The dollar to the coin is being sucked in a bigger vacuum as what begins will not end for the subject will just flower into only the tread. For a Shop Keeper to grasp the finish of such dollars gone is to realize that the Shop Keepers themselves are held to and behind the laptop/monitor in their challenge.
The easier fix to a quick and certainly a big dollar wide would be to create an application in private that would ring a persons cellphone just as they were at your store front and have it provide an undeniable byte that says more than hello. To in gauge with a persons mind on such a level will immediately spark the file of the brain to record your shop. I wonder whom will fire that application up first?? Of course the idea is more advanced than this simple notation on the matter but to hold at this both reminds and says to simply recorded for sake.
The function would work along the lines of the method of not a trip-line, rather a metal detector. With the rate of function working to that coupon or 50% off effect. The basic find to the 1950's updated to accommodate the Shop Keeper's challenge of only getting that person's foot in the door. With the cellphone and the remote capability to trigger such a gasp would only harness the bridle at the bit to rein the foot to a bet walk. The law would not be on any breakage as what is a Barker and how is that able to be on the thresholds scene should the law of interruption not be of legal origin. Therefore the application/program would grandfather in to any city/town to perfect the counter with a now as a clause!!
Posted:2016-11-23 06:10:22 UTC-08:00⏩write onNovember 9th, 2016 at 3:28 PMListen to the Jam of the Media Nationals at the door of this threshold of More,hear the day of November 9th and the year is Two-thousand Sixteen,double the barf to a range as a kid with the banging at the floor-ride,the house on Eight-Fifteen at Eight-Eleven window You-Who,owe fore the answer as this counts to the app.pull cart,to stride with the stick at was a key???Those Anchors on the Chairs,mastering the bait and Tackle??,what is the game on the country for??,the brain!!Connect Shin to what has gone to the whale of Sale,talk a bout,calm a sort to file the shred all on live television with the skeet at this countries lens,eye-balls blinking back those Feds and yet the Feds is the Media scratching the mind of the American flutters,shades that stride to what is that now??,no,it is exact of the speak as what is research for those international details,the vista of being their pay stop to more is rumble for the harness of set tolled!!The shift of now is the hefty bags of carts that nobody says the media has not names??,the religious bellow of chimney on confession,that previous to the echo of the tunes makes not a knows??,bank to kingship chess brand and checker chord,wording to thimble the biggest vast of vase to paint a store,Windows with Screens now IM^tea whom on the Canyons of be Leff^if??,the 'morrow??The steal of mention does not division to the subtraction of their cause,it ramps to tuck the skirt to the drapes of curtains??,nothing drawn step it just grains??,no.The burn.kneed bust a statute of enter gnash shin knoll law as case.scene,this is the reality of why the media plays substance stiled music to in tie^Ice,it has graveled the piss.toll to rye^fold,this will be their bravo!!yim.men!!Found the match to this write I only posted the evidence on my 16 November 2016 post on this google blog The Secret of the Universe is Choice; know decision. It is the picture of the rubble and is exact to and 'for thought of study' clause.
Posted:2016-11-22 18:12:52 UTC-08:00spelling Falls touch chin,the National Media in love,Tweets and twittering a bout!!Now on today November 22^Kenned,the Year is Two-thousand sixteen,speak a letter in their head!!The scene to their bravado,the shorts to clocking the verses,does the tent pop Up to fa thar a Loc.??,for-ist eases to what is a plain for their a^Cues'd??,yes said the value of the car^role's on the chairs of Anchors wail.lean!!Be it that the yet^Tea is a snow^mow^be^ole,the National Media is Said^ding to a larger Stair^rolled,by their Mush to the Awe^dee^yo the National Media is feeding the sole??,first the bing for the what is a ping,than to daze it was wise is the plane of tweeting to a Nation on the every stall swing^in,the lathe grasp row is not not a per blame??,bell is ringing at the thresholds of the National Media bored to day Core!!As their eluding to a Constant on their language to the good old chip off of the flock,the lights of those tweets are in what kind of talks,touching roundup the Speech,for better ef.Y.Aye should not the building of the National Media Pyramid steep to the did,for have the store.read in compare and the versus makes a stair,hinting to what is the tact Tiled priest on the syn^Tax of what is the crumb!!From wink a mow^meant to the story of vista,would it not be proof of picture Paul^a^Ticks??,as the New York Times on the Call^Um of Stile,the doors on the who^tours the raise of the swung??,a bisque of Peat^Tour and Geppetto for the kiss.sin.jure tongue,as the trace^is of bridge on a card table lived??,what thrush is the sod^err bat^tour and strum,the frost or the Ice is of what is a thumb??Too fixture a scour of govern^mint tongue,this description at watts for the light waves a^dish^shunned as burr^ray^Ting conversation off punned,a SAT^Tie^Err to the National Media as reports go^wean where is the fund,than went^tour commercial for fragment to event own^lee ate swung??,for in Fin it makes to the past dinner and tons,of marked information that delivered nothing but nah's Trolls to ever be dumb,the list Tin of ramps that floated to bill^edge,gave the United States the fill^thee^EST lung to say now balance the sum.mon's while tasting that dunned!!!!!!
Posted:2016-11-22 12:23:20 UTC-08:00Mornings On 2 - KTVU The Nine asked last week on November 15th, 2016 for our thoughts on the week for the day of November 9th, 2016 asking for our morning coffee submission of our conversation with self that day after the election for the United States office for President. No tweet would cater to that depth of question as my shift to that day at write, I gave way on my private server that day as my witness to the events. In the now and as it gives greater definition to what is a thought on a country of hem for the date ask of a bring, I dial with a simple ring KTVU The Nine with my written text for just a day that seemed unbelievable for all the National Media did was for themselves, not one comment on the California piers. The worst part was watching the days that came from that stay, as the media just complained and rode the chart while sifting reality to afford their lard, this is indeed 20/20 or hindsight being compass to the fortnight past.
November 9th, 2016 at 1:18 PM
Distant to this word to that list of what is the persons on the Media swirl,I vomit to that be left to the immediate switch to what is support,then and now the announcements come as if they did not scram,what a delivery of the off and on again??,no,it's called watch them save their jobs for the Monday morning jump,bounce that skit to the Tolls in reality what a dump stirrup to consciously done!!Now at the time on this day the Wednesday alter of Election purse,oh ditch to the fathom of whom got the pocket book priced,now I will enjoy the dance of the world on its pants as the sweats of out of breath to slap.What is the scream of that yelling what it bee's deemed to be lesses??,why is the land in stall lean,shavings and bankers running accounts like baling,thump goes the theme to got a beast fee??,no,it is the save your ass scene running sudden numb^burr^ring,what a walking joke to the card studded filed from 19 Months of spell the sealed??,gracious be the film of that is what you did say to the thermal chilling of war on said??,grace be a masque to the shoulder bumping of how is tide,swimming mountains of dirt on dry mud dazed,the National Media in the U.S.A. has tunnel Vision to the echo of a Crop of bail!!Taste the supper of served,the National Media on their rump roasted,finally something has brought the liars to forward,what is the cause,seams of blinded to the vocal of repeat on the process of parade,what is learned??Should the Country just tread than the beacon will Toss aside to corner Staff,the liberty will clash a bellow,the ash will fall up to the down steam of chairs at loss,then the grocery will check the product,what will be found is scum.The toads might the frogs,the green mash of mushing dockets to cover the shelves of ground,frowning Media won't hesitate to throw plain.
Posted:2016-11-22 06:50:58 UTC-08:00November 8th, 2016 in the A.M.Sweet Face of the Universe on this galaxy,may the Milky Way feel my streaming scrawl as I address the true,might the rivers of canyons remember to just sing with a waterfalls slide as the glacier small glistens in mist,as only an exit to this earth on such a long hemisphere I balance the coal with the flame as fires reign embers spark in far,from this planet I feel the warmth of the next volcanic shale of molten heat in the rock of a Call.Oh for the freedom to be on the beam of more than a concord of in dust tree,sands I thank you for the scratch and land you have ground,to the Ocean your Waves have roared magic to the breeze as the wind sung in my tired sad,storms delivered the rain to know I never need shed,it is the best lesson of many core lives to be of such long on the equator a sphere with no mortal partner,this has in real brought my envelope to fire a letter to the forge,the completion is traveling stage and puts tears to the lean,is that the ending with a clever land??,does it just raise to speak a smile and grin the masque as the human part of flesh??The Old's gave reason no such tree to the paper on the paints of did brush combed,might the carriage become lathe at the pork of the swing of spline??,suppose the closure is of peak a spook to gather only money and take,memory and lake,does that counter at desk of brain on the long lip of language to talk a structure of slate??Marking the answer in stamp delight is not the hem a sphere??Hamlet sings Water Smock^keen!!thee preverb speak of aye eh can,care^in to status claim formally name,noun on earth plain of gradual same!!,
1:23 PM 11/5th/2016
K.A.P.!!!Gilgamesh whom to yearn from Aunk can Tune,weighted by bounds of feather relief,gathered on earth are human form,in corn I have stay.Frost is the Ice of such foot Grained corn in Heat at hot's say a bill.lean of gratia,shored among the dim lit stores mortal signed by pin tiles at what is being??,not I for from the present to the gift I brave nothing to say love a tune in list of spoons,yes is the value,giants on the Stars of those Million of Miles that inches just Bars!!Striding along with the Air in Atmosphere how the length rumbles to cheer,in a more on the simple smile,shadows and Shades to remind me of the math in a Crow of magnitude of the ka,ki is a foundation of a rippling whisper to sane,people are of death at the dead heads of no light!!Traveling a journal with the views in my blight of blinking know sight,forest of green to blue is the arm wrest of the guitar on a stroll,grasping only the file to say that there is sound,oh more in a hand to be a friend rather than the go die!!Snake Eyes in oar to a ship of Rows,wording came to prose,falling to quill as the ink of octopus sheds,rim^ming only the thread.Grace must masque these frames of structure at Granite stone of Cobble Christmas,to at the day of Month on the remember the Men of great foundation of Universal sphere,hello how is the nature on the dimension of I love to know you with sun on a Moon!!Trips that find a stability to bring letters marching work to touch words expel,it truly is magical.ars gratia artis - Latin. Dictionary.com1. art for art's sake.gracia - Latin. - Google translate1. grace
Posted:2016-11-22 05:21:01 UTC-08:00Lips this to ancient land of hand to mind before the call in cosmos to reply,first there was place to say that voice is cleared from a source to speaking much in the floor,a ride on this parade in the earth realm what a compass in the fast shirt to pants and Suit!!Winking Time!!Whiz along the sound of light-years energy with a bit rein to lean on a shoulder that I knew be for the leg of thigh,round to line on no circle as the Morse was spoken,true Infinity!!Shelves came,the library of my brain be gained from a fire at the embers of know flame,once land^ding now just a better read at chapter of a book^keen from I to the frost of ice humans at the shake.in chill,forks and punned I raised my rafter to break the seal of letters lawn,grease said at the Greek,arena at the Port of continent of a English grain,language Fall-in,Seasons of the Grand Canyon know!!River sneak of a thousand Year on the Millionth travel to the bell_Rang,for more^role ground did trust as the plate,oh how moved these days of cent^tents to craft of my boating across the Perseus of a Constellation song!!Love in grace to see the foot Trust asking note to say every-thing,fabulously reminded thank you forest of paper trireme,row to the bar as the box is a treasure of memorized as the Computer is my mind on reality,nostril to no price,the ocean sighs,waves rank and file,it is the shed of instrument to being a structure of the universe in far and way,might humanity flow as the river is preek^ness grown,creek of mountain and the crest of Peak shall the echo be the valley of any mortal dread,shall the Cry stride to ample,climbing a fires clean!!!!written for slide to my snowflake smile,oh shale aitch bone!!11:31 AM, November 4th, 2016
Posted:2016-11-22 04:08:32 UTC-08:00Inspire the sky to speak a thunder as the light graces Mankind's eyes to basket the human loan on the keen,is not the balance of all in the sand discussing a grain as the salt talks a theme,shell beach is fossil footprint for the rock on a Mountain fame,valley may bridge the divide naturally apron string that in a voice,echo cosmic find??West frost ice in glacier branch just that a planet hemming,way out on special recognition is it energy treating thought to philosophical chart guiding a map,yes.Granite spin with a touch of chalk in an out line for the Stars beautify too,explain North on a Viking mile as I will next,grasp reach as a dawn,deep method of life on the Show!!Humanity drains the Mind to gag a trace for arguing gods as a temple be shined,nestling only in tree would division Ages,what is that hill on a creeks tow of stones rolling??The carriage of creation in design made room,a planet sewn with life as threads of air in oxygen to breathe majestic as a Nilerounds to harbor boats on a galaxy.Ports of lost trouble only the individual bile in the stomach of the brain's memory,should human kindness ankle with less than more than a take,smiling would have grin to cheeks that conversation amazing,instead this year of marking 2016 on the November peel,countries plan death at graves in Tombs,building minus a beacon,for had life brought more than a dead teacher forest of pastel trailers on the biblical peak,the Wells find.Written to an ole style of what was fashion at addressing,now it is only exiting a signature piece to say my name is not stun.Karen A. PlacekNovember 1st, 20161:33 Prime Meridian
Posted:2016-11-22 03:28:10 UTC-08:00Orpheus (/, /; Greek: Ὀρφεύς) was a legendary musician, poet, and prophet in ancient Greek religion and myth. The major stories about him are centered on his ability to charm all living things and even stones with his music, his attempt to retrieve his wife, Eurydice, from the underworld, and his death at the hands of those who could not hear his divine music. As an archetype of the inspired singer, Orpheus is one of the most significant figures in the reception of classical mythology in Western culture, portrayed or alluded to in countless forms of art and popular culture including poetry, film, opera, music, and painting.For the Greeks, Orpheus was a founder and prophet of the so-called "Orphic" mysteries. He was credited with the composition of the Orphic Hymns, a collection of which only two have survived. Shrines containing purported relics of Orpheus were regarded as oracles. Some ancient Greek sources note Orpheus' Thracian origins.
Orphism (religion)From Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaOrphism (more rarely Orphicism; Ancient Greek: Ὀρφικά) is the name given to a set of religious beliefs and practicesoriginating in the Ancient Greek and the Hellenistic world, as well as by the Thracians, associated with literature ascribed to the mythical poet Orpheus, who descended into Hades and returned. Orphics also revered Persephone (who annually descended into Hades for a season and then returned) and Dionysus or Bacchus (who also descended into Hades and returned). Orpheus was said to have invented the Mysteries of Dionysus. Poetry containing distinctly Orphic beliefs has been traced back to the 6th century BC or at least 5th century BC, and graffiti of the 5th century BC apparently refers to "Orphics".Classical sources, such as Plato, refer to "Orpheus-initiators" (Ὀρφεοτελεσταί), and associated rites, although how far "Orphic" literature in general related to these rites is not certain. As in the Eleusinian mysteries, initiation into Orphic mysteries promised advantages in the afterlife.
PeculiaritiesThe main elements of Orphism differed from popular ancient Greek religion in the following ways:
- by characterizing human souls as divine and immortal but doomed to live (for a period) in a "grievous circle" of successive bodily lives through metempsychosis or the transmigration of souls.
- by prescribing an ascetic way of life which, together with secret initiation rites, was supposed to guarantee not only eventual release from the "grievous circle" but also communion with god(s).
- by being founded upon sacred writings about the origin of gods and human beings.
EvidenceDistinctively Orphic views and practices are attested as early as Herodotus, Euripides, and Plato. The recently published Derveni papyrus allows Orphic mythology to be dated back to the end of the 5th century BC, and it is probably even older. Other inscriptions found in various parts of the Greek world testify to the early existence of a movement with the same core beliefs that were later associated with the name of Orphism.
MythologySee also: Orphic poems and ritesThe Orphic theogonies are genealogical works similar to the Theogony of Hesiod, but the details are different. They are possibly influenced by Near Eastern models. The main story is this: Dionysus (in his incarnation as Zagreus) is the son of Zeus and Persephone; Zeus gives his inheritance of the throne to the child, as Zeus is to leave due to Hera's anger over a child being born by another mother; the Titans are enraged over the proclamation of attendance and under Hera's instigation decide to murder the child, Dionysus is then tricked with a mirror and children's toys by the Titans who murder and consume him. Athena saves the heart and tells Zeus of the crime who in turn hurls a thunderbolt on the Titans. The resulting soot, from which sinful mankind is born, contains the bodies of the Titans and Dionysus. The soul of man (the Dionysus factor) is therefore divine, but the body (the Titan factor) holds the soul in bondage. Thus, it was declared that the soul returns to a host ten times, bound to the wheel of rebirth.There are two Orphic stories of the rebirth of Dionysus: in one it is the heart of Dionysus that is implanted into the thigh of Zeus; in the other Zeus has impregnated the mortal woman Semele, resulting in Dionysus's literal rebirth. Many of these details differ from accounts in the classical authors. Firmicus Maternus, a Christian author, gives a different account with the book On the Error of Profane Religions. He says that Jupiter (Zeus) originally was a (mortal) king of Crete--a concept of Euhemerus--and Dionysos was his son. Dionysos was murdered, and cannibalized. Only his heart was salvaged by Athena. A statue of gypsum (the same substance the Titans used to disguise themselves) was then made to look like Dionysos, and the heart is placed within.
- The "Protogonos Theogony", lost, composed c. 500 BC which is known through the commentary in the Derveni papyrus and references in classical authors (Empedocles and Pindar).
- The "Eudemian Theogony", lost, composed in the 5th century BC. It is the product of a syncretic Bacchic-Kouretic cult.
- The "Rhapsodic Theogony", lost, composed in the Hellenistic age, incorporating earlier works. It is known through summaries in later neo-Platonist authors.
- Orphic Hymns. 87 hexametric poems of a shorter length composed in the late Hellenistic or early Roman Imperial age.
Burial rituals and beliefsSee also: TotenpassSurviving written fragments show a number of beliefs about the afterlife similar to those in the "Orphic" mythology about Dionysus' death and resurrection. Bone tablets found in Olbia (5th century BC) carry short and enigmatic inscriptions like: "Life. Death. Life. Truth. Dio(nysus). Orphics." The function of these bone tablets is unknown.Gold-leaf tablets found in graves from Thurii, Hipponium, Thessaly and Crete (4th century BC and after) give instructions to the dead. Although these thin tablets are often highly fragmentary, collectively they present a shared scenario of the passage into the afterlife. When the deceased arrives in the underworld, he is expected to confront obstacles. He must take care not to drink of Lethe ("Forgetfulness"), but of the pool of Mnemosyne ("Memory"). He is provided with formulaic expressions with which to present himself to the guardians of the afterlife.I am a son of Earth and starry sky. I am parched with thirst and am dying; but quickly grant me cold water from the Lake of Memory to drink.Other gold leaves offer instructions for addressing the rulers of the underworld:The Petelia Gold Tablet or Petelia Tablet is an orphic inscription or totenpass that was found near the ancient city of Petelia, southern Italy in the early nineteenth century. Since 1843, the original has been kept in the British Museum. ... The Petelia Gold Tablet (with case and chain) in the British Museum. Material, Gold.
https://books.google.com/books?id=4e89AAAAYAAJPlato - 1905 - Cambridge PlatonistsFor the twin streams of the Orphic cult which resemble Dante's Lethe and Eunoe so closely, we ... written in hexameter verse on gold tablets found in graves at Thurii and Petelia in South Italy, and now preserved in the British Museum. ... case H) and other Orphic golden tablets (e.g. the Eleuthernae Tabletfrom Crete, in the ...
https://books.google.com/books?isbn=0835608417George Robert Stow Mead, John Algeo - 2006 - Religionutterance of the Orphic initiate: "Child am I of Earth and Starry Heaven; nay, my Race is Heaven's [alone]!" These words are from a portion of an ancient Orphic Ritual, on a gold tablet, which had ... It was foundin a grave at Petelia, in Southern Italy, and is now in the British Museum. Gold Ornament Room (Table-
Posted:2016-11-22 02:48:24 UTC-08:00Listen to the format of a life on the toe,it sings with the width of a billion lives on once in a tide,waving while the world glows another Sun on the moon of a Shade,it is the balance.From in-front to the back reversal of a sole,what a type,wisdom riding for the Sands of coal,just the print of hands and metal at elemental!!People cross charts on cooing that library,chance to a style of lyrics of ancient mind,craft is wise in the Egyptian mile authority on tile.Grooving wind to breeze another filed,down goes the pen to Ink-Up a pine,birch and read wool's skin parade,dividing the World full.Crowds stair lives on Planet Hell,earth is the dirt to remind of the mores'!!Loving the fire it is me a Flame,twinkling a star on an evening night,glass is reflecting light with a dance of grace in ream,of for the grooves,trees that wheat sway to king.Grant this a moment in the heart of my hand,a palm that shown,portion only breath to a breathing beat,for on the long pour it is the element of volcano's shoe,to describe what is land.Whale in the sight of only the Fish that school to a might,for it is the Sea that Ocean's back,a walking along the shore of Time,for in the Ages it was not a Twilight of freeze,the ice gave rise,molten rock rose,plainly the cosmos.Written to an ole style of what was fashion at addressing,now it is only the promise signature piece to my name is not stun.November 1st, 2016,1:11 PM
The prowess of such times on the Moon Songs of strong landing,
the country in the land of the freeze is it the honesty of the hands of the lyrics that makes you ride,
across this lane of avenue??
Shall the tunnel vision to the blindness that the Sun is the bright star of this themes' galaxy,
is the universe on the Milky Way to state of the Orion on its' every sight's swum.
Can^did photograph of the home,
what is it as the civilians brought nothing to making this the day of where is the facing??
Is pain the memory or the mirror that people must reflect,
is innocence the guilty cloth that cheese will not mold as religions now go to the folds??
Nose to flattery are the hours try^bowl,
is the cream of that the milking of a stool to feel the fracture of reality or that shale??