Wednesday, January 18, 2017

For Immediate Attention & Thee Release Thereof to The History Channel Ancient Alien Dudes!! Jump-start for All National Geographic for KIDs, This very well may be the production of our first story to the grand banks of thoroughality!!

👀SCOTLAND FINGAL'S CAVE ISLE OF STAFFA Original Pennant Antique Print 1774

👉1852 antique curious Fingal's Cave print , vintage geology odd landscape engraving, basalt columns plate, natural history oddity Scotland.

💓SCOTLAND FINGAL'S CAVE ISLE OF STAFFA Original Pennant Antique Print 1774

💪William Daniell In Fingal's Cave, Staffa

The big question and a good suggestion for reference is Ronn Owens as he is always of candor and is able to hold reference with character of principle standard to standing in the comprehension of the answer that the History Channel would indeed provide to us about Fingal's Cave.

How on earth would we contact The History Channel ~ Ancient Alien dudes to ask those guys to do a 1 hour show in their series of Ancient Aliens on The History Channel?

How is a suggestion to 'looking-up applicable' to the big question?

1. Tweet
2. google+
4. National Geographic Magazine 
5. your Teacher and or is it a particular teacher as this would be considered a science?
6. ask your parents and or guardian
7. Armstrong & Getty
8. Facebook
9. place your idea here!!

Fingal's Cave

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For the concert overture of the same name by Mendelssohn, see The Hebrides (overture).
Fingal's Cave
An Uaimh Bhinn
Entrance to Fingal's Cave, 1900
LocationStaffa, Scotland
GeologyPaleocene basalt flow
HazardsPartially filled by the sea, slippery rocks
Fingal's Cave is a sea cave on the uninhabited island of Staffa, in the Inner Hebrides of Scotland, known for its natural acoustics. The National Trust for Scotland owns the cave as part of a National Nature Reserve.[1] It became known as Fingal's Cave after the eponymous hero of an epic poem by 18th-century Scots poet-historian James Macpherson.


View from the depths of the cave with the island of Iona visible in the background, 2008

Basalt columns inside Fingal's Cave
Fingal's Cave is formed entirely from hexagonally jointed basalt columns within a Paleocene lava flow,[2] similar in structure to the Giant's Causeway in Northern Ireland and those of nearby Ulva.
In all these cases, cooling on the upper and lower surfaces of the solidified lava resulted in contraction and fracturing, starting in a blocky tetragonal pattern and transitioning to a regular hexagonal fracture pattern with fractures perpendicular to the cooling surfaces.[3] As cooling continued these cracks gradually extended toward the centre of the flow, forming the long hexagonal columns we see in the wave-eroded cross-section today. Similar hexagonal fracture patterns are found in desiccation cracks in mud where contraction is due to loss of water instead of cooling.[4]


The cave's size and naturally arched roof,[5] and the eerie sounds produced by the echoes of waves, give it the atmosphere of a natural cathedral. The cave's Gaelic name, An Uaimh Bhinn, means "the melodious cave."


Little is known of the early history of Staffa, although the Swiss town of Stäfa on Lake Zurich was named after the island by a monk from nearby Iona.[6] Part of the Ulva estate of the Clan MacQuarrie from an early date until 1777,[6] the cave was brought to the attention of the English-speaking world by 18th-century naturalist Sir Joseph Banks in 1772.[7][8]
It became known as Fingal's Cave after the eponymous hero of an epic poem by 18th century Scots poet-historian James Macpherson. It formed part of his Ossian cycle of poems claimed to have been based on old Scottish Gaelic poems. In Irish mythology, the hero Fingal is known as Fionn mac Cumhaill, and it is suggested that Macpherson rendered the name as Fingal (meaning "white stranger"[9]) through a misapprehension of the name which in old Gaelic would appear as Finn.[10] The legend of the Giant's Causeway has Fionn or Finn building the causeway between Ireland and Scotland.[11]


The cave has a large arched entrance and is filled by the sea. Several sightseeing cruises organised from April to September by local companies pass the entrance to the cave.[5][7] In calm conditions, one can land at the island's landing place (as some of these cruises permit) and walk the short distance to the cave, where a row of fractured columns forms a walkway just above high-water level permitting exploration on foot.[12] From the inside, the entrance seems to frame the island of Iona across the water.[5]

In art and literature[edit]

Engraving of Fingal's Cave by James Fittler in Scotia Depicta, 1804.
Romantic composer Felix Mendelssohn visited in 1829 and wrote an overture, The Hebrides, Op. 26, (also known as Fingal's Cave overture), inspired by the weird echoes in the cave.[7][13] Mendelssohn's overture popularized the cave as a tourist destination.[7][8] Other famous 19th-century visitors included author Jules Verne, who used it in his book Le Rayon vert (The Green Ray), and mentions it in the novels Journey to the Center of the Earth and The Mysterious Island; poets William WordsworthJohn Keats, and Alfred, Lord Tennyson;[1] and Romantic artist J. M. W. Turner, who painted "Staffa, Fingal's Cave" in 1832.[14] Queen Victoria also made the trip.[1][7]

Entrance to Fingal's cave, 2004
The playwright August Strindberg also set scenes from his play A Dream Play in a place called "Fingal's Grotto". Scots novelist Sir Walter Scott described Fingal's Cave as "one of the most extraordinary places I ever beheld. It exceeded, in my mind, every description I had heard of it... composed entirely of basaltic pillars as high as the roof of a cathedral, and running deep into the rock, eternally swept by a deep and swelling sea, and paved, as it were, with ruddy marble, [it] baffles all description."[12]
Artist Matthew Barney used the cave along with the Giant's Causeway for the opening and closing scenes of his art film, Cremaster 3. In 2008, the video artist Richard Ashrowan spent several days recording the interior of Fingal's Cave for an exhibition at the Foksal Gallery in Poland.
One of Pink Floyd's early songs bears this location's name. This instrumental was written for the film Zabriskie Point but not used.[15]
Lloyd House at Caltech has a mural representing Fingal's Cave.[16] The hallway that features this mural also houses a wooden statue named Fingal, which is among the oldest heirlooms at the institute.
Scottish Celtic rock band Wolfstone recorded an instrumental titled "Fingal's Cave" on their 1999 album Seven.


  • Wood-Nuttall Encyclopaedia, 1907: 69 m (227 ft) deep, 20 m (66 ft) high.[17]
  • National Public Radio: 45 m (150 ft) deep; 22 m (72 ft) high.[18]
  • Show Caves of the World: 85 m (279 ft) deep; 23 m (75 ft) high.[7]


  1. Jump up to:a b c National Trust for Scotland: Fingal's Cave
  2. Jump up^ Bell, B.R. and Jolley, D.W. (1997) "Application of palynological data to the chronology of the Palaeogene lava fields of the British Province: implications for magmatic stratigraphy". Journal of the Geological Society. London. Vol. 154, pp. 701–708.
  3. Jump up^ Atilla Aydin and James M. Degraff (1988) "Evolution of Polygonal Fracture Patterns in Lava Flows," Science 29 January 1988: 239 (4839), 471-476. [1]
  4. Jump up^ Lucas Goehring, L. Mahadevan, and Stephen W. Morris (2009) "Nonequilibrium scale selection mechanism for columnar jointing". PNAS 2009 106 (2) 387-392 [2]
  5. Jump up to:a b c Staffa (Fingal's Cave) and the Treshnish Islands The Internet Guide to Scotland
  6. Jump up to:a b Haswell-Smith (2004) p. 124
  7. Jump up to:a b c d e f Show Caves of the World
  8. Jump up to:a b Caves and Caving in the UK
  9. Jump up^ Behind the Name: View Name: Fingal
  10. Jump up^ Notes to the first edition
  11. Jump up^ Formation of basalt columns / pseudocrystals
  12. Jump up to:a b Gordon Grant Tours: Fingal's Cave
  13. Jump up^ Galveston Symphony Program Notes: Mendelssohn Archived May 19, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  14. Jump up^ The Art Archive, JM Turner
  15. Jump up^ "Unreleased Pink Floyd material" The Pink Floyd Hyperbase. Retrieved 3 August 2008.
  16. Jump up^ Lloyd House alley list. Retrieved 19 October 2009.
  17. Jump up^ Wood-Nuttall Encyclopaedia, 1907
  18. Jump up^ National Public Radio


External links[edit]