History of the automobile
Eras of invention
Steam-powered wheeled vehicles
17th and 18th centuries
- Pre WWII
Internal combustion engines
Brass or Edwardian era
- 1907 In Japan, the Hatsudoki Seizo Co. Ltd. is formed, which was later renamed in 1951 as Daihatsu Kōgyō Kabushiki-gaisha.
- 1908–1927 Ford Model T — the most widely produced and available 4-seater car of the era. It used a planetary transmission, and had a pedal-based control system. Ford T was proclaimed as the most influential car of the 20th century in the international Car of the Century awards.
- 1909 Morgan Runabout - a very popular cyclecar, cyclecars were sold in far greater quantities than 4-seater cars in this period
- 1910 Mercer Raceabout — regarded as one of the first sports cars, the Raceabout expressed the exuberance of the driving public, as did the similarly conceived American Underslung and Hispano-Suiza Alphonso.
- 1910–1920 Bugatti Type 13 — a notable racing and touring model with advanced engineering and design. Similar models were the Types 15, 17, 22, and 23.
- 1917 Japanese company Mitsubishi builds the Mitsubishi Model A, all hand built in limited numbers for Japanese executives.
- 1922–1939 Austin 7 — the Austin Seven was one of the most widely copied vehicles ever, serving as a template for cars around the world, from BMW to Nissan.
- 1922–1931 Lancia Lambda — very advanced car for the time, first car to feature a load-bearing monocoque-type body and independent front suspension.
- 1924–1929 Bugatti Type 35 — the Type 35 was one of the most successful racing cars of all time, with over 1,000 victories in five years.
- 1925–1928 Hanomag 2 / 10 PS — early example of ponton styling.
- 1927–1931 Ford Model A (1927-1931) — after keeping the brass era Model T in production for too long, Ford broke from the past by restarting its model series with the 1927 Model A. More than 4 million were produced, making it the best-selling model of the era. The Ford Model A was a prototype for the beginning of Soviet mass car production (GAZ A).
- 1930 Cadillac V-16 — developed at the height of the vintage era, the V16-powered Cadillac would join Bugatti's Royale as the most legendary ultra-luxury cars of the era.
- 1932–1939 Alvis Speed 20 — the first with all-synchromesh gearbox
- 1932–1948 Ford V-8 (Model B) — introduction of the flathead V8 in mainstream vehicles
- 1934–1938 Tatra 77 — first serial-produced car with aerodynamical design
- 1934–1940 Bugatti Type 57 — a singular refined automobile for the wealthy
- 1934–1956 Citroën Traction Avant — the first mass-produced front-wheel drive car, built with monocoque chassis
- 1936–1955 MG T series — sports cars
- 1938–2003 Volkswagen Beetle — a design that was produced for over 60 years with over 20 million units assembled in several counties
- 1936–1939 Rolls-Royce Phantom III — V12 engine
- 1946–1958 GAZ-M20 Pobeda — Soviet car with full ponton design
- 1947–1958 Standard Vanguard — British mass-market car with full ponton design
- 1948–1971 Morris Minor – an early post-war car exported around the world
- 1953–1971 Chevrolet Bel Air and 1953–2002 Cadillac Eldorado Brougham – first generations were representative of tailfin design
- 1955–1976 Citroën DS — aerodynamic design and innovative technology, awarded third place as Car of the 20th Century
- 1959–2000 Mini — a radical and innovative small car that was manufactured for four decades; awarded second place as Car of the 20th Century
- 1961–1975 Jaguar E-type — a classic sports car design
- 1963–1989 Porsche 911 – a sports car was awarded fifth place as Car of the 20th Century
- 1964–present Ford Mustang — the pony car that became one of the best-selling cars of the era
- 1966–end of the 20th century Fiat 124 — an Italian car that was produced under license in many other counties including the Soviet Union
- 1966-1971 Subaru 1000 - one of the first Japanese built sedans using a boxer engine, front wheel drive and introducing the "double offset joint" drive shaft to the front wheels
- 1967 NSU Ro 80 — the basic wedge profile of this design was emulated in subsequent decades, unlike its Wankel engine
- 1969 Datsun 240Z — Japanese sports car
- 1980-1988 AMC Eagle — the first mass-produced full-time all-wheel drive car
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (June 2014)|
- 1966–present Toyota Corolla – a Japanese saloon/sedan that has become the best-selling nameplate of all time, with over 40 million sold across 11 generations through July 2013.
- 1966-1992 Oldsmobile Toronado - Introduced electronic anti-lock braking system, and airbag  First modern-era American car with front wheel drive.
- 1973–present Mercedes-Benz S-Class – Seat belt pretensioner, and electronic traction control system
- 1975–present BMW 3 Series – the 3 Series has been on Car and Driver magazine's annual Ten Best list 17 times
- 1977–present Honda Accord saloon/sedan — a Japanese sedan that became popular in the U.S.
- 1983–present Chrysler minivans – the two-box minivan design nearly pushed the station wagon out of the market
- 1984–present Renault Espace — first mass one-volume car of non-commercial MPV class
- 1986–present Ford Taurus — this mid-sized front-wheel drive sedan dominated the U.S. market in the late-1980s
- 1997–present Toyota Prius, launched in the Japanese market and became the best known hybrid electric vehicle and also the world's top selling hybrid.
- 1998–present Ford Focus — one of the most popular hatchbacks and Ford's best selling world car
- 2008–present Tata Nano — an inexpensive (₹100,000, ≈ $2200), rear-engined, four-passenger city car aimed primarily at the Indian domestic market
- 2008–2012 Tesla Roadster — first highway-capable all-electric vehicle in serial production for sale in the U.S. in the modern era. Sold about 2,500 units worldwide.
- 2008–2013 BYD F3DM – first highway-capable series production plug-in hybrid, launched in China in December 2008, sold over 2,300 units.
- 2009–present, Mitsubishi i-MiEV – first highway-capable series production all-electric car, launched in Japan in July 2009 for fleet customers, and in April 2010 for retail customers. Rebadged versions of the i MiEV are sold in Europe by PSA Peugeot Citroën (PSA) as the Peugeot iOn and Citroën C-Zero.
- 2010–present, Nissan Leaf and Chevrolet Volt — all-electric car and plug-in hybrid correspondingly, launched in December 2010, are the world's top selling mass productionvehicles of their kind. As of early December 2015, global Leaf sales totaled 200,000 units and Volt sales over 100,000.
- 2012–present, Tesla Model S – Introduced in 2012, the Model S quickly climbed up sales. It was ranked as the world's best selling plug-in electric vehicle in 2015. It was also named car of the century by Car and Driver.