|Classification and external resources|
|ICD-10||F18.1, T52, T53|
|aliphatic hydrocarbons||T52.0||petroleum products (gasoline and kerosene), propane, butane|
|aromatic hydrocarbons||T52.1-T52.2||toluene (used in paint thinner and model glue), xylene|
|ketones||T52.4||acetone (used in nail polish remover)|
|haloalkanes||T53||hydrofluorocarbons, chlorofluorocarbons (including many aerosols and propellants), 1,1,1-Trichloroethane, trichloroethylene,chloroform (the latter two being antiquated inhalational anaesthetics)|
|nitrites||T65.3, T65.5||alkyl nitrites (poppers such as amyl nitrite)|
|nitrogen oxide||T59.0||nitrous oxide (found in whipped cream canisters)|
Classification by effect
Administration and effects
Dangers and health problems
Risks of specific agents
- Methylene chloride, after being metabolized, can cause carbon monoxide poisoning.
- Gasoline sniffing can cause lead poisoning, in locations where leaded gas is not banned.
- Ingestion of alkyl nitrites can cause methemoglobinemia, although inhalation does not.
- Carbon tetrachloride can cause significant damage to multiple systems, but its association with liver damage is so strong that it is used in animal models to induce liver injury.
- Use of butane, propane, nitrous oxide and other inhalants that boil well below room temperature can create a risk of burns from contact with the extremely cold liquid (See Aerosol burn). The risk of such contact is greatly increased by the impaired judgement and motor coordination brought on by inhalant intoxication.
- Benzene use can cause bone marrow depression. It is also a known carcinogen.
- Toluene can damage myelin.