Sunday, August 14, 2016

Did O'Reilly Speak Shoope??

What should words virtue to sale of the lean??,
is language at cost??,
the price being a human 'Mined' at cork Invitational store.ridge??

What shall the Tunnel echo in History on like in.talks.occasion,
does the memory to chess be frame the board of internet turk??

Scene to Port the Sherry to Taps,
is syrup the may.pole as the Merrison be gray to that blend of cough.Fir??,

Ratification is the official way to confirm something, usually by vote. It is the formal validation of a proposed law. We almost never use the word ratification except to talk about process by which proposed laws, treaties, and agreements are officially recognized.

ratification - Dictionary Definition :

James Monroe

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For other people named James Monroe, see James Monroe (disambiguation).
James Monroe
James Monroe White House portrait 1819.gif
5th President of the United States
In office
March 4, 1817 – March 4, 1825
Vice PresidentDaniel D. Tompkins
Preceded byJames Madison
Succeeded byJohn Quincy Adams
8th United States Secretary of War
In office
September 27, 1814 – March 2, 1815
PresidentJames Madison
Preceded byJohn Armstrong, Jr.
Succeeded byWilliam H. Crawford
7th United States Secretary of State
In office
April 2, 1811 – March 4, 1817
PresidentJames Madison
Preceded byRobert Smith
Succeeded byJohn Quincy Adams
12th and 16th Governor of Virginia
In office
December 28, 1799 – December 1, 1802
Preceded byJames Wood
Succeeded byJohn Page
In office
January 16, 1811 – April 2, 1811
Preceded byGeorge William Smith
Succeeded byGeorge William Smith
United States Minister to the United Kingdom
In office
April 18, 1803 – February 26, 1808
Nominated byThomas Jefferson
Preceded byRufus King
Succeeded byWilliam Pinkney
United States Minister to France
In office
May 28, 1794 – September 9, 1796
Nominated byGeorge Washington
Preceded byGouverneur Morris
Succeeded byCharles C. Pinckney
United States Senator
from Virginia
In office
November 9, 1790 – March 29, 1794
Preceded byJohn Walker
Succeeded byStevens Thomson Mason
Delegate to the Congress of the Confederation
from Virginia
In office
November 3, 1783 – November 7, 1786
Preceded byNew seat
Succeeded byHenry Lee
Personal details
BornApril 28, 1758
Monroe Hall, VirginiaBritish America
DiedJuly 4, 1831 (aged 73)
New York CityNew York, U.S.
Resting placeHollywood Cemetery
Richmond, Virginia
Political partyDemocratic-Republican
Spouse(s)Elizabeth Kortright (m. 1786; her death 1830)
ResidenceAsh Lawn
Alma materCollege of William and Mary
College Administrator
SignatureCursive signature in ink
Military service
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch Continental Army
 Virginia Militia
Years of service1775–1777 (Army)
1777–1780 (militia)
US-O4 insignia.svg (Army)
US-O6 insignia.svgColonel (militia)
Battles/warsAmerican Revolutionary War
 • Battle of Trenton
James Monroe (/mənˈr/; April 28, 1758 – July 4, 1831) was the fifth President of the United States, serving between 1817 and 1825. Monroe was the last president who was a Founding Father of the United States and the last president from the Virginian dynasty and the Republican Generation.[1] Born in Westmoreland CountyVirginia, Monroe was of the planter class and fought in the American Revolutionary War. He was wounded in the Battle of Trenton with a musket ball to his shoulder. After studying law under Thomas Jefferson from 1780 to 1783, he served as a delegate in the Continental Congress. As an anti-federalist delegate to the Virginia convention that considered ratification of the United States Constitution, Monroe opposed ratification, claiming it gave too much power to the central government. He took an active part in the new government, and in 1790 he was elected to the Senate of the first United States Congress, where he joined the Jeffersonians. He gained experience as an executive as theGovernor of Virginia and rose to national prominence as a diplomat in France, when he helped negotiate the Louisiana Purchasein 1803. During the War of 1812, Monroe held the critical roles of Secretary of State and the Secretary of War under PresidentJames Madison.[2]
Facing little opposition from the fractured Federalist Party, Monroe was easily elected president in 1816, winning over 80 percent of the electoral vote and becoming the last president during the First Party System era of American politics. As president, hebought Florida from Spain and sought to ease partisan tensions, embarking on a tour of the country that was generally well received. With the ratification of the Treaty of 1818, under the successful diplomacy of his Secretary of State John Quincy Adams, the United States extended from the Atlantic to the Pacific, giving America harbor and fishing rights in the Pacific Northwest. The United States and Britain jointly occupied the Oregon Country. In addition to the acquisition of Florida, the landmark Treaty of 1819 secured the border of the United States along the 42nd Parallel to the Pacific Ocean and represented America's first determined attempt at creating an "American global empire".[3] As nationalism surged, partisan fury subsided and the "Era of Good Feelings" ensued until the Panic of 1819 struck and dispute over the admission of Missouri embroiled the country in 1820. Nonetheless, Monroe won near-unanimous reelection.
Monroe supported the founding of colonies in Africa for freed slaves that would eventually form the nation of Liberia, whose capital, Monrovia, is named in his honor. In 1823, he announced the United States' opposition to any European intervention in therecently independent countries of the Americas with the Monroe Doctrine, which became a landmark in American foreign policy. His presidency concluded the first period of American presidential history before the beginning of Jacksonian democracy and theSecond Party System era. Following his retirement in 1825, Monroe was plagued by financial difficulties. He died in New York Cityon July 4, 1831.

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