Wednesday, August 12, 2015

Finally The Maloge

The Secret of the Universe is "Choice", a malignant narcissist can make one.‏

The Secret of the Universe is "Choice", a malignant narcissist can make one.


The Secret of the Universe is "Choice", a malignant narcissist can make one.

Posted: 11 Aug 2015 02:07 PM PDT

Sonnet 148

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sonnet 148
O me! What eyes hath love put in my head,
Which have no correspondence with true sight!
Or if they have, where is my judgement fled,
That censures falsely what they see aright?
If that be fair whereon my false eyes dote,
What means the world to say it is not so?
If it be not, then love doth well denote,
Love's eye is not so true as all men's 'No'.
How can it? O, how can love's eye be true,
That is so vexed with watching and with tears?
No marvel then though I mistake my view;
The sun itself sees not till heaven clears.
O cunning love, with tears thou keep’st me blind,
Lest eyes, well-seeing, thy foul faults should find.
–William Shakespeare
Sonnet 148 is one of 154 sonnets written by the English playwright and poet William Shakespeare.
It is considered a Dark Lady sonnet, as are all from 127 to 152.

External links[edit]

Posted: 11 Aug 2015 11:29 AM PDT

Long May You Run

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Long May You Run
Studio album by The Stills–Young Band
ReleasedSeptember 20, 1976
RecordedCriteria StudiosMiami
February 16 to June 7, 1976
GenreCountry rockroots rockblues rockAmericana
ProducerTom DowdDon Gehman,Stephen StillsNeil Young
Stephen Stills chronology
Illegal Stills
Long May You Run
Thoroughfare Gap
Neil Young chronology
Long May You Run
American Stars 'N Bars
Professional ratings
Review scores
Allmusic3/5 stars[1]
Robert ChristgauB[2]
Long May You Run is an album credited to The Stills-Young Band, a collaboration between Stephen Stills and Neil Young, released in 1976 on Reprise Records, catalogue MS 2253. The album peaked at #26 on the Billboard 200 and certified gold in the U.S. by theRIAA. The album is the sole studio release by Stills and Young in tandem outside of their work with Buffalo Springfield and Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young. Musically, the album follows mostly in similar vein as those groups, traversing various facets of Americana andfolk music, while songs such as "Make Love To You" have something of a jazz feel, and the extensive use of synthesised strings on the second side give the songs an art rock pretension.


Following the Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young stadium tour of 1974, an attempt by the quartet to finalize a new album ended amidst acrimony without result. David Crosby and Graham Nash resumed their partnership as Crosby & Nash, while Stills and Young continued their independent careers. Songs from the aborted CSNY album appeared on various albums by group members, and Stills covered two Young songs on his most recent studio albums: "New Mama" on Stills; and "The Loner" on Illegal Stills.
In early 1976, Stills and Young reached a rapprochement, and began to work on a joint album project from a desire by both to pick up where they left off with their Buffalo Springfield-era guitar explorations, a decade after the inception of the band. Crosby and Nash signed on as well, and briefly Long May You Run looked to be the awaited CSNY reunion album. However, on a deadline Nash and Crosby left Miami to finish the sessions for what would become their 1976 album Whistling Down the Wire, and Young and Stills reacted by removing the duo's vocals and other contributions from the master tapes.[3] Crosby and Nash vowed never to work with either again, although less than a year later they would regroup with Stills for a new CSN album in 1977. The original mix for the song "Long May You Run" with vocals by Crosby and Nash restored was included on Young's Decade compilation in 1977.
The Stills-Young Band, comprising Stills' current touring band behind the pair, began a tour in 1976 prior to the album's release. The tour commenced in Clarkston, Michigan on June 23, but after nine dates Young dropped out after July 18 via a laconic telegram to Stills, forcing Stills to complete the concert tour solo through October.[4] The telegram read: "Dear Stephen, funny how some things that start spontaneously end that way. Eat a peach. Neil."[5]
The album's advance single, "Long May You Run", peaked at #71 on the UK singles chart.[6] The song was an elegy for Neil Young's first car (which he nicknamed "Mort"[7]), a 1948 Buick Roadmaster hearse that died in 1965 when its transmission blew in Blind River, Ontario.[8] Mort was a different vehicle to the 1953 Pontiac hearse, nicknamed Mort 2, that Richie Furay, traveling with Stills, saw Young driving in a Hollywood traffic jam in 1966 that led to the formation of Buffalo Springfield.[9] "Long May You Run" was performed by Young on the final broadcast of The Tonight Show with Conan O'Brien on January 22, 2010, and during the closing ceremonies for the Vancouver Olympics on February 28, 2010.

Track listing[edit]

Side one[edit]

1."Long May You Run"  Neil Young3:53
2."Make Love to You"  Stephen Stills5:10
3."Midnight on the Bay"  Neil Young3:59
4."Black Coral"  Stephen Stills4:41
5."Ocean Girl"  Neil Young3:19

Side two[edit]

1."Let It Shine"  Neil Young4:43
2."12/8 Blues (All the Same)"  Stephen Stills3:41
3."Fontainebleau"  Neil Young3:58
4."Guardian Angel"  Stephen Stills5:40


Posted: 11 Aug 2015 08:26 AM PDT
Posted: 11 Aug 2015 07:16 AM PDT

Person Sheet

NameMelba Maude ROSS, 33
BirthTillamook Oregon
FatherClyde O ROSS, 1000
MotherMelba Mary WELLS-RUSSELL, 1134 (1909-)
1Edward PLACEK, 1120
Marriage21 12 1957, Eugene, Oregon
Children:Tamara Sue, 1123
Edward Kenneth, 1128
Karen Anastasia, 1130
2Hugh MEAKIN, Uncle, 12
OccupationCompany Director
FatherBasil Rodney Gray MEAKIN, 4 (1915-1991)
MotherPauline Mary HUGHES, 22 (1919-1974)
Marriage11 9 1971, San Francisco City
Children:Sarah Anne, 69
Philip David Ross, 72
Notes for Hugh & Melba Maude (Family)
AncestryCaliforniaMarriageIndex201012: MR.
Last Modified 9 5 2012Created 5 7 2014 by Guy Meakin's EasyTree

Contents * Index * Surnames * Contact

Posted: 11 Aug 2015 07:02 AM PDT
NEWS:   President Obama has ordered U.S. flags be lowered to half-staff in honor of service members killed by a gunman in Chattanooga.

David Mikkelson

Responding to an issue of recent controversy, President Obama has issued a proclamation directing U.S. flags be lowered to half-staff on public buildings in honor of service members killed on 16 July 2015 by a gunman who opened fire at a military recruiting center and the Navy Operational Support Center in Chattanooga, Tennessee. Mohammad Abdulazeez, 24, shot and killed four Marines, and a Navy petty officer.
That proclamation read:
Our thoughts and prayers as a Nation are with the service members killed last week in Chattanooga. We honor their service. We offer our gratitude to the police officers and first responders who stopped the rampage and saved lives. We draw strength from yet another American community that has come together with an unmistakable message to those who would try and do us harm: We do not give in to fear. You cannot divide us. And you will not change our way of life.
We ask God to watch over the fallen, the families, and their communities. As a mark of respect for the victims of the senseless acts of violence perpetrated on July 16, 2015, in Chattanooga, Tennessee, by the authority vested in me as President of the United States by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, I hereby order that the flag of the United States shall be flown at half-staff at the White House and upon all public buildings and grounds, at all military posts and naval stations, and on all naval vessels of the Federal Government in the District of Columbia and throughout the United States and its Territories and possessions until sunset, July 25, 2015. I also direct that the flag shall be flown at half-staff for the same length of time at all United States embassies, legations, consular offices, and other facilities abroad, including all military facilities and naval vessels and stations.

David MikkelsonAbout the Author: David Mikkelson founded in 1994, and under his guidance the company has pioneered a number of revolutionary technologies including the iPhone, the iPad, and the light bulb. He is currently seeking political asylum in the Duchy of Grand Fenwick. .
Posted: 11 Aug 2015 06:24 AM PDT

Only 4 northern white rhinos left on Earth

By Nicole Parks, CNN
Wed July 19, 2015

Rhinos are targeted by poachers fueled by belief in Asia that their horns cure various ailments.

In Kenya where three of the four remaining northern white rhinos live, armed guards prevent poaching.

(CNN)And then there were four.
Nabire, a female northern white rhino, died of a ruptured cyst on Monday at a Czech Republic Zoo, leaving only four known northern white rhinos on Earth.
The 31-year-old rhino's cyst was so huge, it was untreatable, a rhino curator at the Dvur Kralove zoo said in a statement.
"It is a terrible loss. Nabire was the kindest rhino ever bred in our zoo. It is not just that we were very fond of her. Her death is a symbol of the catastrophic decline of rhinos due to senseless human greed," the zoo's director Premysl Rabas said in a statement.
The northern white rhino has been hunted to the brink of extinction for its horn, fueled by the belief in Asia that it cures various illnesses. The highly prized horn is made of keratin -- the same material that makes up human hair and fingernails.
The only living male, 42-year-old Sudan, lives in Ol Pejeta Conservancy in Kenya, under 24-hour armed guard. His horn has been cut off to deter poachers.
The fate of the subspecies rests on his armored shoulders, and on the two female northern white rhinos at the conservancy, Fatu and Najin, who also once lived at the Czech Republic Zoo.
"Sudan is currently old and may not be able to naturally mount and mate with a female," said George Paul, a deputy veterinarian at the conservancy.
Courtesy of :
Posted: 11 Aug 2015 02:38 AM PDT

Sew slept the banks of Cork,
a charge to bind the ringer is a Sail!!

Grain a bust on the Subject off abbreviation,
the tongue of cart a shoulders led down a scale Green,
biggest Prowess to scar a Snead is to Advance the better by decision thorn.

Wickets touching Cricket will Familiar tell the Tore,
out of a dimple the Knows of Hell Meant born,
to bearings of a Patient stand the cumbersome a Stored the Platters are of China fragile its a Core!!

Equitation the Principles of shoulder a role.

written 6/23/2015
Posted: 11 Aug 2015 02:04 AM PDT

Hello! Spoke with power ink ask the word of loss,
about a sparrows or wise oh dove does wing flight,
chance to speak question spake source wheel balance,
shore sky so Hi how is thine arc of Choice,
thou Creation smiled Cork a bottle Evolution sigh,
ground Place Put Thee sound To depth of Know the Plate!!

Swallow crown with Fire frost cow Hollow,
prey upon Meet in dust of Freeze,
crunch crisis Charge eclectic Wrist and Energy persists,
with Apron ribbon Taped,
Video of the Shoe, 
Face proceed,
Walk with True do not Fail that Shell,
a Body is a clue.

Court 5th Port to Six degree A Quarter Creek,
shaking continents Earth of louse will you shiver,
thee prime of Plane to Solar shy great change a Feather Flew,
reign storm sharp Hail cuts no Port/pore the fountain in this Plu,
divide by Ox sheer Wool of Sheep blades have short discard,
but shall an Order reach the Sell the book will be [of Spelt!!] A tell.

   By Flower tree of budding bulb thy Head shoulder,
which Carriage is the Harness 'Blind' that Puff,
in Cycle clay those Champion of Mud,
to dirt of thought,
turn Aside these Feeble Hides Embrace the Door of ki!!

In breathing Forrest exposure Friend no Waist is left behind,
the Mind to Tend a Grocer blend task upper to the Lie,
a spend at real thorough park to learn the pulsing pump,
ache bone on sage crank wisdom Wure the gears of label flough.

Travel spell these deed of Worth,
a work to Chain the Mute,
in grass the Wheat bale speech at Tractor its a speed,
Alas! oh belt of ore I on Whilst thou Favor dip,
shout from Grape in vine my scout the liquor is a suite.

Journal Once the Vine in sigh 'Signal' of a Coot,
thus pigeon Squab of chicken egg thy lay is Crackled shoot,
ink Skeet on Walls of ancient lore directions score thy light,
Nor artificial, Nor Artist, The Measure is the Crane a Piper in a Fluke!!

Entity of spirits Way does Path of road Anchor to Vast Roar,
grant simple thing to organ loop digestion inches jar,
the jug of Tit touch Mild of lit is a candor bile,
in stance of Rest the Pitcher desk dippers art the Falls,
up Rising with Know Human a resistance of the Stall.

Circle Would the Wheel built with Handlers in Route,
shant not the Clamber of the Sync Climb limber to a Die?

Of course the Standard by the Construct base listing to such Being,
no lean required counter shed for Humans have the flu!!

In sickness forward health of slight do changers clique to few,
oh dear to small with pebble pore the blood is not of stone.

The flesh of sand is granule and sugar marks the best,
a pastel of lives in mile bye's formation started loaned, 
to mill of second branch at feet,
a walk tell running bare,
the leaves of ankle to the shores did not pass 'gates' to stair.

Upon the golden Platinum the pore of placing care,
compassion denied for Mortals tore to hatred all the Core.

Discounting resolution lasp the People travel past,
but dimensions closed the spree`d and liars wore the Keyed.

Scarred crates wipe subtle memory Refusing to admit,
that with every each an Order writ Traditional was Lip,
oral integration Crowd around the lapping Pit,
a curl of the Picture Scene look Watch to burl Sit.

Perfect the Rings in Shapes of things,
the Change, the Drown, the Soak,
How more in Dilemma round Must human broth than R.I.P.!!

Tell the Method logic Force a Birth is of Aloud,
outer realm to earth of form,
the Arms, the legs, the Shroud; These Will Put to Place the Maat a Trunk Represent,
that Spiritual is Not the Same as Religions truck,
from Order to the 7th leak an 8th will 9 Talk 10,
within the Number back to Spine the Vertebrae  is (Yup!!) Yuga.

glitter glued written 12/21/14

Posted: 10 Aug 2015 11:21 PM PDT

The trouble of 'The Chant' that to Many persons do In this World has a Timing,
as the World spins sew Does the words of the Repeat,
on to that landing is the Change verse to An exchange in the Bust,
should the rink beet touched Garden that will Apple Tree.

The Orange A Peel is a Zip per the Branch of loft,
in lull a bye to the Mind in con A brush box in Shrubbed,
can the String the enter Ring and that is plates to a brains being,
now at that the Wake on the rise is No horizon but the dawning.

Shells to Conch the Ear with walk Standing to sleep in the dreaming State hood,
is that the Numbers mark to Exit dust,
well in the prison Shoe of Hue thy breast shakes A turkey,
the Style so Said in dressed that the Stuffing is of bread.

Teach Not what the Freeze will do to Ewe,
Ice Cream and dee Cert. is the Dangerous of the Roy,
steak on the Potatoes or a platter of the sigh a Knoll la is braking the Pad at Flats,
buffalo to hide Control Will find that Terrible is the Introduction to The Web Feat.

Posted: 10 Aug 2015 08:40 PM PDT

Some statute of the precognitive role in that is the true syn of a math it mat it coal,
as the burn of the shred is of terror on the slow What than is the glean kneeing,
towards Whom is how at the Conversation topper,
a bucket List in this is that Dining room low,
a taster of the Baste in that is the pitch Owe for the ankle that tongue of a Grow.

Beast is that in blankets of Smoke,
singer on that is the Hark harnessed of brass,
shine E is the Piano and the Merry go round,
that is the Muse ick of the Prance pockets pound.

So close to Ex^Act the theater gone Piece,
land ding on the Pie lot and the Poe tate Toes show,
teak is Not the Manzanita of the Parrot,
yet on the Hard would it is the Grip of Too day`d!!

Barker on the Corner money in the Slope,
slip and Slide the see Mint and speak the seat a Ride,
bridle on the bit or Is the Horse a jump,
talking in the Saddled and bring the fact ore Rump!!

Stick to that is the Marble gone a Rye,
wheat is that Straw span and the Wicker ain't a Tanned,
mule buy Side the Buff a lo presenting from Sin sear,
alouette is a kiss cheeking bust to Kipped!!

Ole tarry Mic the Wie Fie or the Fee in fiddled Mile,
a second hand to third Man out What is the purr fit called,
dial Zest and branch the Best to teach the Tailor small,
be leave if Ewe want Too fore that is very test.

Won to three bee sting the Wofford gots a Cue,
the Water Jump that Stadium the Course of Tracks and Stile,
is that Paddock or the Stall this medicine say Sugar,
to the grain of feather rein a Carrot with the Tier!!

Shake good oh paddy Wag the dogs are barking Clear,
now on the give of August Nights does the Fella frighten,
as I do know that Pony show and the P.O.A.,
the story Time to fine the dime is liberty of lift.

Posted: 10 Aug 2015 07:02 PM PDT

What if the Story is being lived Wall being told,
is that then the bear ring of the Finger`d staple lipped,
inch the Measure touch the Wells is Ore sun of detailed,
can that brisk be of the Cough to milk the bring Ur sive`d.

Know coral detail as the Reef be lo The Storm,
lightning on that pew Brought is pier though for Tee Won,
dish that touching Sat a Lite and harp the found to See,
a grow Sir is the BDSM and the Require goes to Mail.

Imagine on the brain the Mind that speaks to Shop,
the Cover on the lid is the Screw down of the Stop,
shall the beach born a Name of City bye the came,
for in the Reality the Numbers is Its thumb.

Con the Cork to bottle Message and teach the taught Say sting,
a be in the mower and the lawn of engine Sing,
glory Glory on the Mountain a Valley burped to belch,
than the Hiccup said to burp that the coffee is a Lot.

the green tow Mate tows the dumps and the Junk to yacht,
is than the wheel in the sky or is the aye be stunned,
fore in that is the Ages of the Cycles on the Egypt shun,
at sad dull is the Chicken & the littles spoke of gum
Posted: 10 Aug 2015 06:43 PM PDT

Sew take the Stories of the Hollywood product Shun lot & Scrabble Truth my Nail,
that Script of the Real to the Scribe of the Sleet in that is the Borrow of lives on the cent,
this is the Island and the Blues by the hodge,
a Pen inch the Don Key to Spark the Absent Sale`d,
for on that is the Difference in the know of 'The Fix Turned',
a Cistern to Sump on that Lope of the pony bye logged.

Did that Tell it On the Air HBO show Time,
is the Stars bringing Silent to the Lambs by the Sell,
is the History for the Stage to learn of the Tower,
in the Babble of Languish is the Temple`d being Bell!!

Ringing out The Wash is the Flash flooding on Deep tail,
the Snake of the hose to the Posture of the sprout,
that is the Tub in the Handle to a Scrub,
a Miss Shunned to bring lather and the Sweats to the Faced.

Heave are the lung`d to Sing in a Swail,
Xerox to the Canon and Film on the Laced,
buckle My shoe that is the Sand doll,
grains in measure the salts.

Pea pod bag pipes Balls on the falls,
water in the River speaking Mal between the Fail,
for the grout of Trigger that silver gold be Well`d,
a due Over to taste the basic is being of Deed tale!!

Should the Variable be of the String a Long to this is lived,
a City buy the Kid and the Gough of a shade,
park for the Clement a House on that Cable,
to the Station of the bart is the Pay phone of Shout!!

Yet Wah is of the dish to China Town enthralled,
North Beach is Baker Beach and that is on the shawl,
back Alley garbage Dump stir to diving with the Gaul,
oh for the weight in the better best of Cow.

Pick talk and that Make shore to be of a Sail,
the row of the ore is the feat tow a bale,
wire is the string and the tap a shoulder pail,
buck its for this are the Fax to add this backed.

'For the General Information on the Above picture Cools'

Tiburon, CA ferry building and train station

Built in 1886 by the San Francisco & North Pacific Railroad that later became part of Northwestern Pacific Railroad. At that time all rail traffic to or from San Francisco and the north coast of California transferred from ferry to rail here. Used as both a passenger and freight depot until 1909 when it became freight only.

Located in an absolutely beautiful park/residential setting with the Golden Gate Bridge in the background. I could live here! (but I can't afford it.....)

Muse see Um free in the Now.

Posted: 10 Aug 2015 06:08 PM PDT

On the Day of Once up Ton a Taurus the Be state to that Bright of Hug and Len,
the eye of the Brow touch the lip,
language on that the Tongue.

Is the Saddle on the Harness the Stirrup of the Ground ore is that the Feat of a Store,
take that the Idle dip of this Armor to that Shoulder of the Empties,
movies Shows those To Doll Lar tills,
make the Script and re-Read the bust!!

In that this Did to those Worn with True,
a Scribe is the Production of the Life that Swore,
tell the Fix that Some of the terribles Walk the dance to Waltz Time.

Eye Merry that with The knows & be leap to Frogs a lip Ping,
that Pong on the ding A ling to that Would have like have been But rather`d the different to a Squeal,
the Oil on the Greece to touch stone the Lawns.

Pins that role those Law yore,
a taster on the film to the Muscle,
strong are the Blocks to true Nor,
for the Read hare is the Hobbit and the People its break!!

From this to that to the Work of no Adle,
the Spat U la is the Farther to the Communication of lake,
that Sword on the Forged in that Hi Rise Hill ton,
than Lombard is the Known and the Van Ness is a Stow.

Golden gate Park or staple is the Oh an A Limb pick or the basis of Steel,
the Haight in the 60's LSD flash Back,
did the Wake be Come over the Release on that Memory for Tum.

In my Condition the condition of the Condition It is Inn,
remember the Stipulation and the Ash Bury still,
gone is Out and closed is Close,
Up threw Up to down the Bale of the Wire on the Enter web detail`d.

Than Again fin A gain to Act Cent is the Presence of Most at the Masonic,
blood Banks to drain that Sync on the Spay representing Hollywood as the baste of Gate Way,
in the Ferry or is on that Bay to the Alcatraz,
a person said to be Sincere is the Yours Truly good Play`d.

Talk a Storm and Geary that Address,
mark the Hop Kin and say to the Sill,
does the Peer to a Care a Saul just Magistrate to Hymn,
or is the Chorus the liberal to Stem.

A tell Phone in foot Heel the Horse on this slide,
a three day Eventer is the balance will sail,
for in the Cross-Country that Stay dee Um beet,
a guard den for Stable and the Breeze for the sheet.
Posted: 10 Aug 2015 04:56 PM PDT

The Secret of the Universe is Choice.

Personal Blog

About The Secret of the Universe is Choice.
  • Start Date
    Started in February 2008
  • Short Description
    A spark to light your life with this burning thought; Belief is love with no strings attached.
  • Long Description
    Presents, a Life with a Plan. My name is Karen Anastasia Placek, I am the author of this Facebook Page and in turn the Google Blog with the same title. This is the story of my journey, a quest to understanding more than myself. The title of this blog, 'The Secret of the Universe is Choice; Know Decision' will be the next global slogan. Placed on T-shirts, Jackets, Sweatshirts, it really doesn't matter, 'cause a picture with my slogan is worth more than a thousand words, it's worth??.......Know Conversation!!!
    My motto:

    Stand proud!!
    Allow your posture to be your Voice!!
    Then your words can be your grace!!
    Silence is golden, until it is broken,
    that is when you go Platinum!!
    This is our heritage,
    Freedom is priceless
    will cost you everything
    no promises.

    Karen Anastasia Placek

    A different or an alternative to secure my blog address: "The Secret of the Universe is Choice."
  • General Information
    PRIVACY NOTICE: Warning - any person and/or institution and/or Agent and/or Agency of any governmental structure including but not limited to the United States Federal Government also using or monitoring/using this website or any of its associated websites, you do NOT have my permission to utilize any of my profile information nor any of the content contained herein including, but not limited to my photos, and/or the comments made about my photos or any other "picture" art posted on my profile.

    You are hereby notified that you are strictly prohibited from disclosing, copying, distributing, disseminating, or taking any other action against me with regard to this profile and the contents herein. The foregoing prohibitions also apply to your employee , agent , student or any personnel under your direction or control.

    The contents of this profile are private and legally privileged and confidential information, and the violation of my personal privacy is punishable by law. UCC 1-103 1-308 ALL RIGHTS RESERVED WITHOUT PREJUDICE
  • Blog Start Date
    February, 2008
Posted: 10 Aug 2015 04:35 PM PDT

      • Uploaded on Oct 14, 2008
        My name is Karen Anastasia Placek. This is a small collection of artwork that is helping to support me during a very difficult time in my life. There are twenty-three different prints you can choose from at this time. Log on to for a complete view of this collection.
Posted: 10 Aug 2015 02:03 PM PDT


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
stadtholder (DutchstadhouderDutch pronunciation: [ˈstɑtˌɦʌudər]), literally place holder (in modern Dutch "stad" means "city", but the older meaning of "stad" - also "stede" - was "place", and it is a cognate of English "stead", as "in stead of"), was a term for a "steward" or "lieutenant".[1] In the Low Countries, the stadtholder was a medieval function, which during the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries developed into a rare type of de facto hereditary head of state of the thus crowned republic of theNetherlands. It is comparable with the French title Lieutenant and England's 16th century Lord Lieutenant. Additionally, this position was tasked with maintaining peace and provincial order in the early Dutch Republic. The Dutch Monarchy is a cognatic descendant of the first Stadtholder of the young Republic, William of Orange. He was the leader of the successful Dutch Revolt against the Spanish Empire.


Seventeen Provinces[edit]

Stadtholders in the Middle Ages were appointed by feudal lords to represent them in their absence. If a lord had several dominions (or, being a vassalfiefs), some of these could be ruled by a permanent stadtholder, to whom was delegated the full authority of the lord. A stadtholder was thus more powerful than a mere governor, who had only limited authority, but the stadtholder was not a vassal himself, having no title to the land. The local rulers of the independent provinces of the Low Countries (which included the present-day NetherlandsBelgium and Luxembourg) made extensive use of stadtholders, e.g. the Duke of Guelders appointed a stadtholder to represent him in Groningen.
In the 15th century the Dukes of Burgundy acquired most of the Low Countries, and these Burgundian Netherlands mostly each had their own stadtholder.
In the 16th century, the Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, also King of Spain, who had inherited the Burgundian Netherlands, completed this process by becoming the sole feudal overlord: Lord of the Netherlands. Only the Prince-Bishopric of Liège and two smaller territories (the Imperial Abbey of Stavelot-Malmedy and the Duchy of Bouillon) remained outside his domains. Stadtholders continued to be appointed to represent Charles and King Philip II, his son and successor in Spain and the Low Countries (the electoral Imperial title would be held by heirs of Charles in the separate Austrian branch of Habsburgs). Due to the centralist and absolutist policies of Philip, the actual power of the stadtholders strongly diminished.

Dutch Republic[edit]

When, in 1581, during the Dutch Revolt, most of the Dutch provinces declared their independence with the Act of Abjuration, the representative function of the stadtholder became obsolete in the rebellious northern Netherlands – the feudal lord himself having been abolished – but the office nevertheless continued in these provinces who now united themselves into the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands. The United Provinces were struggling to adapt existing feudal concepts and institutions to the new situation and tended to be conservative in this matter, as they had after all rebelled against the king to defend their ancient rights. The stadtholder no longer represented the lord but became the highest executive official, appointed by the states of each province. Although each province could assign its own stadtholder, most stadtholders held appointments from several provinces at the same time. The highest executive power was normally exerted by the sovereign states of each province, but the stadtholder had some prerogatives, like appointing lower officials and sometimes having the ancient right to affirm the appointment (by co-option) of the members of regent councils or choose burgomasters from a shortlist of candidates. As these councils themselves appointed most members of the states, the stadtholder could very indirectly influence the general policy. In Zeeland the Princes of Orange, who after the Dutch Revolt most often held the office of stadtholder there, held the dignity of First Noble, and were as such a member of the states of that province, because they held the title of Marquis of Veere and Flushing as one of their patrimonial titles.
On the Republic's central 'confederal' level, the stadtholder of the provinces of Holland and Zealand was normally also appointed Captain-General of the confederate army and Admiral-General of the confederate fleet, though no stadtholder ever actually commanded a fleet in battle. In the army, he could appoint officers by himself; in the navy only affirm appointments of the five admiralty councils. Legal powers of the stadtholder were thus rather limited, and by law he was a mere official. His real powers, however, were sometimes greater, especially given the martial law atmosphere of the 'permanent' Eighty Years WarMaurice of Orange after 1618 ruled as a military dictator, and William II of Orange attempted the same.
The leader of the Dutch Revolt was William the Silent (William I of Orange); he had been appointed stadtholder in 1572 by the first province to rebel, Holland. His personal influence and reputation was subsequently associated with the office and transferred to members of his house. Maurice in 1618 and William III of Orange from 1672 replaced entire city councils with their partisans to increase their power: the so-called "Changings of the Legislative" (Wetsverzettingen). By intimidation, the stadtholders tried to extend their right of affirmation. In reaction, the regents in Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Guelders, and Overijssel, after the death of William II in 1650, appointed no stadtholder. They subsequently were forced to appoint one by the catastrophic events of 1672, the Dutch Year of Disaster (Rampjaar). After the death of William III in 1702 they again abstained from appointing one. These periods are known as the First Stadtholderless Period and the Second Stadtholderless Period.
After the French invasion of 1747, the regents were forced by a popular movement to accept William IV, Prince of Orange, stadtholder of Friesland and Groningen, as stadtholder in the other provinces. On 22 November 1747, the office of stadtholder was made hereditary (erfstadhouder). As William (for the first time in the history of the Republic) was stadtholder in all provinces, his function accordingly was restyled Stadhouder-Generaal (rendered as General Hereditary Stadtholder in English).
After William IV's death in 1751, his infant son was duly appointed stadtholder under the regency of his mother. The misgovernment of this regency caused much resentment, which issued in 1780 in the Patriot movement. The Patriots first took over many city councils, then the States of the province of Holland, and ultimately raised civil militias to defend their position against Orangist partisans, bringing the country to the brink of civil war. Through Prussian military intervention, in 1787 Prince William V of Orange was able to suppress this opposition, and many leaders of the Patriot movement went into exile in France.

Abolishment and transition to kingdom[edit]

The exiles returned with French armies in the winter of 1795 and overcame the frozen Dutch Water Line. William V of Orange-Nassau fled to England, and the office of stadtholder was abolished in 1795 when the French revolutionary forces installed the Batavian Republic. From 1572 in the Southern Netherlands the Habsburg lords continued to appoint provincial stadtholders for the region, until it was annexed by France in 1794. However, William I, the son of the last stadtholderWilliam V, crowned himself king after the French army retreated in 1815.
Posted: 10 Aug 2015 04:27 PM PDT

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have the courage to climb aboard that first horse and decide to play a game rather ... Carolina, Santa Cruz California had not produced one polo field in 1920. ..... The benefit was started by Melba Meakin in 1987 and gives the children the.


Chapter One: Women of Antiquity (500 B.C. ­ A.D. 1200) 

     Some believe the game of polo originated in China. A stone tablet near the  silk route from China to the West reads:  “Let other people play at other things. The  king of games is still the game of kings.” 

     However, has anyone considered the idea that the first polo player may have  been a woman? Many of the beautifully illustrated manuscripts, pottery figurines,  and works of art depict women playing the game of polo. Who but a woman would  have the courage to climb aboard that first horse and decide to play a game rather  than kill her neighbor? Could it be because the majority of historians were men that  women’s contributions to polo were ignored or forgotten? 

     Evidence exists that, from polo’s earliest days, women played the game of  kings. The sixth century Persian Shah, Khusru Pavez, was a polo enthusiast. During,  or perhaps before, his reign women took up polo and apparently held their own. Just as the women in the “Golden Age of Women’s Polo” did in 1934 to 1941. 

    This chapter contains four pictures of figurines of women playing polo in this  era; 
one is in color. 

Chapter Two: Louise Hitchcock  (1901 – 1932) 

     Louise is considered the “Mother of Women’s Polo.”  Louise began riding  lessons in Aiken, South Carolina. She soon tired of the precarious balance of riding  sidesaddle and broke with the tradition by riding astride.  

     Louise soon learned to play polo, and in 1901 she played the first recorded  game with women players in the United States. The teams were mixed men and  women and Louise captained the team. 

     In 1909 at the Meadow Brook Club on Long Island, the first all women’s team  
played a men’s team.

     An expert polo player and teacher she became the coach for her son, Tommy  Hitchcock, who became a ten‐goal player, Captain of the United States Polo team and  considered the finest polo player in the world. 

     Louise also founded the Aiken Preparatory School in 1916 where she  coached both boys and girls the game of polo. She noticed the young girls and boys  could compete with each other, as their abilities were similar. 

     In the early 1930s Louise was organizing a women’s team in the East to  compete with a newly formed women’s team in the West, captained by her friend,  Dorothy Wheeler of California. 

     Louise died in 1934 

     This chapter contains three photographs of Louise and two Sideboards.

Chapter Three:  Mother of California Women’s Polo (1916 – 1937) 

     Far from the social setting that fostered polo on Long Island and Aiken, South  Carolina, Santa Cruz California had not produced one polo field in 1920. Not until  Dorothy Deming Wheeler came on the scene. 

     By 1934 Dorothy Wheeler organized and became the first Chairman of the  Pacific Coast Women’s Polo Association. Later in 1936 the organization became the  United States Women’s Polo Association. She always intended the USWPA to be  national but, due to its short duration, the women’s polo association was made up of  California teams. 

     Dorothy did not do this all by herself. The great Louise Hitchcock, who was  officially the “Mother of Polo” and was so honored by the Polo Hall of Fame,  preceded her. Regardless, it was Dorothy Wheeler’s complete dedication in forming  all‐women teams that made the United States Women’s Polo Association possible. 

     The California women did not just play on men’s teams, they had a league of  
their own. 

     Her good friend Ann Jackson of Santa Barbara constantly supported Dorothy.  Louise Tracy (wife of Spencer) and an early member and organizer of the women’s  teams at Riviera Country Club in Los Angeles was another supporter. 

     The USWPA had over one hundred and thirty members. They played  anywhere from ten to twelve tournaments a year up and down the coast of  California. 

     This chapter contains eight photographs. 

Chapter Four: From Santa Cruz to Santa Barbara (1922 – 1930) 

      Polo in Santa Cruz started at the Wilder Ranch. It was a dirt field (skin field)  and regardless of the conditions was played with great enthusiasm by the men.  Dorothy Wheeler joined the men and was greatly admired for her skill.

     On occasion military personnel from Monterey would join them and it was  noted by the Santa Cruz newspaper that Tom Mix, the famous cowboy movie star of  the era, played in some of their games.

     It seems the Wilders were more interested in Rodeo type events and it was  decided to move to a new field at Bay and California Street.

     Northern California also formed clubs in Sacramento, Berkeley, San Mateo  and Sacramento. Del Monte became a polo center for the military men.

     In the meantime Santa Barbara, like Meadow Brook in Long Island, was a  bastion of society, where both men and women were playing polo.

     Due to the conditions of the polo fields in Santa Cruz, Dorothy Wheeler would  travel to Santa Barbara and join her friend Ann Jackson on the grass fields of  Montecito. At first they would practice at the end of the field. Soon more women  joined them and pretty soon they had all women games.

     Dorothy realized the women couldn’t hit the ball quite as far as the men and  as a result she emphasized teamwork. And by 1928 they had at least fourteen  women playing regularly on the fields of Santa Barbara.

     This chapter contains five photographs and three Profiles 

Chapter Five: Riviera Polo and the Hollywood Stars (1927 – 1934) 

     Santa Barbara was not alone in having polo fields in Southern California. As  well as the Uplifters and Midwick Club, there was the Riviera Country Club, which  opened in 1927.  Located at the end of Sunset Boulevard, it had four polo fields, golf,  and tennis. The club boasted not only a main field with bleachers, but also a lavish  clubhouse, and several practice fields.

     Riviera was lucky to have as their resident coach, Snowy Baker.  Snowy was a  famous Australian athlete and former Olympian who had made his way to  Hollywood, but fortunately decided the movies were not for him and landed at  Riviera Country Club in 1928.

     Snowy was convinced that young people, both boys and girls could play polo  and he devoted himself to making sure they learned the rudiments of the game. He was also convinced that women polo players had a place on the field. Thus Riviera  became the first club to have regular weekly polo games between women’s teams.  Consequently, the women played every Sunday before the men’s games. 

     In 1933 Snowy encouraged the formation of a Ladies’ Polo Association and  on December 9, 1933, the first meeting was held at the Riviera Country Club at  Snowy’s cottage and the first women’s polo association was born. 

     Riviera boosted plenty of movie stars that played polo. People like, Will  Rogers, Leslie Howard, Spencer Tracy, James Gleason, Tim Holt, Jack Holt, Robert  Montgomery, Buddy Rogers, “Big Boy” Williams and people associated with the  movies, such as Walter Wagner, Darryl Zanuck, Adrian Roark, and Walt Disney.

    This chapter contains twenty photographs, i.e. Leslie Howard, Will Rogers,  Spencer Tracy, B.Stack, etc. and seven Profiles.

Chapter Six: Women’s Polo Comes to Santa Cruz along with Marion Hollins. 

     Early Polo Fields: In 1920 California had some excellent grass polo fields  located in San Francisco, San Mateo and Del Monte in the North and Santa Barbara  and Midwick in the South. 

     In Santa Cruz, the Wheelers started the polo field at Wilder Ranch but the  Wilders were much more interested in Western Events so another location was  found at Bay and California Streets. The field was not regulation and it was dusty in  the summer and muddy in the winter. When the opportunity arose to establish a  new field at the old Spreckels racetrack in Aptos, they jumped at the chance. Besides  the old track had stable for the horses and they were promised a grass field and a  new clubhouse. 

     The Aptos field was used for almost four years but it became apparent the  owners were not going fulfill their promises. In fact they closed the polo field. 

     This may have been the end of polo in Santa Cruz if it had not been for a  horserace! 

     Marion Hollins arrived from Long Island in 1927. Marion was a fine athlete  and she had played polo under the guidance of Louise Hitchcock. She was  introduced to Dorothy Wheeler and one day they went off to San Francisco to attend  the horse races. 

     Dorothy asked Marion to place a bet for her and by mistake Marion  placed the bet on the wrong horse! The horse came in and paid $450.00 to the dollar  and Dorothy used her winnings to develop a polo field at the newly established polo  field at Pasatiempo.  

     This chapter contains four photographs and one Profile. 

Chapter Seven: Douglas School­Youngest Girls Polo Team

    Grace Douglas was a teacher at Westlake School for Girls in Southern  California. Her husband was a choir director and each summer he would take the  
boys camping.  

    Grace and her husband had four girls and Grace wanted her husband to take  their daughters camping, but he remarked that he didn’t take girls camping.

     Grace Douglas decided to start a camp of her own and she drove up the coast  to Pebble Beach. Here she met Samuel Morse, the founder of the Pebble Beach  Company, and she talked him into selling her some land on the 17‐mile drive.

     It was 1925 when Grace started the camping facility for her daughters. By the  next year the camp grew to twenty‐seven girls and the school now offered archery,  volleyball and swimming.

     Douglas School became a boarding school for girls with a day school across  the street for boys. The school offered, academic classes, horseback riding, archery,  tennis, rifling, swimming and polo. 

     Polo became a major sport at the school, as Grace Douglas believed it  developed horsemanship, quick decisions and sportsmanship. 

     Grace, like Louise Hitchcock, and Dorothy Wheeler, was a champion of  women in a world of men’s sports.

      Dick Collins, a young man from Ireland became the polo coach in the 30s.

     Elaine McInerney started her polo career at age nine at Riviera Country Club  in Santa Monica; at age twelve she won the Will Rogers award as the “Most  improved Lady Polo Player.” In 1936 she receive a scholarship to Douglas  School and became Captain of the Douglas team. Douglas won many of the junior  

     Douglas School is now the Robert Lewis Stevenson School of Pebble Beach. 

     This chapter contains seven photographs and two Profiles.

Chapter Eight: A League of Their Own (1932 – 1934) The Women Play Polo ` 

     In 1932 many women in California were forming their own teams.  Ann Jackson had a team in Santa Barbara. Pasatiempo formed a team headed by  Dorothy Wheeler and Marion Hollins. 

     The two teams held a three‐day tournament at the Cox polo field in  Montecito. The first tournament was won by Santa Barbara but Pasatiempo won the  
next two. 

     Women’s polo was becoming a great attraction. Not only were they playing in  Santa Barbara and Pasatiempo but in Pebble Beach at the Del Monte field,  Sacramento, San Mateo, Berkeley, Salinas and San Jose.

     With all the women’s tournaments being played in the state it was time for  Dorothy Wheeler to do what she did best: organize a women’s association so they  could have a league of their own! 

     Dorothy wrote to the USPA in New York for some help in organization and  Mr. F.S. O’Reiley, Secretary, Treasurer replied that the general opinion was that  “polo is not a women’s game!” 

     The woman in California knew this was nonsense and successfully formed  their own organization with the help of the California men players. 

      This chapter contains seven photographs. 

Chapter Nine: The First Tournaments (1934) Pasatiempo 

     In June of 1934, all the frantic planning came to fruition when the first  tournament of the Pacific Coast Women’s Polo Association was held on the new field  at Pasatiempo. (Please note the beginning name of the organization was the Pacific  Coast Women’s Polo Association,(PCWPA). Two years later it became the United  States Women’s Polo Association, (USWPA).

     The tournaments were held on the new field at Pasatiempo and the local  paper gave the event extensive publicity: “Noted Players in Polo Match Here  Tomorrow…Led by Mrs. Spencer Tracy, wife of the popular movie actor, the Riviera  polo team goes into action tomorrow on the Pasatiempo field in the first round of  the women’s polo tournament.” 

     Dorothy Wheeler captained Pasatiempo and the team included Elaine  McInerney, of Hollywood, the little 12‐year old prodigy from the Riviera Club in  Southern California. 

     This tournament was such a success that another tournament was scheduled  for November and was called the North‐South championship. 

     While the teams were all together they held their first meeting of the PCWPA.  Dorothy Wheeler as chairman discussed the sticky issue of handicaps.  Dorothy  maintained that individual handicaps might cause jealousies within teams. Those in  favor cited the tradition of men’s handicapping and argued that it led to safety on  the field, as the players would be equal in skill. 

     The meeting was cut short as some of the players had to return home to get  ready for their trip to the Southwest where they were scheduled to play exhibition  games to prove to the public that: ”women can play polo”. 

     This chapter contains nine photos and one Profile. 

Chapter Ten: Women Barnstorm the Southwest (November  ­ 1934) 

     While Dorothy Wheeler had been unsuccessful to set up East/West matches  for the women’s association, Louise Tracy set up exhibition matches in Arizona and  Texas. Louise’s plan was simpler and cheaper because unlike Dorothy’s plan she did  not intend to bring horses on the trip. The nine women that took part agreed to ride  whatever mounts were provided and promised not to hold anyone responsible for  any accident that might happen.  

     Well, the women simply ‘Wowed” the Southwest! They did better in some  games than others but people were overwhelmed at how good they were. 

     In one of their games they played on a lighted football field at night and they were  amazed at all the crowds and publicity they received. 

     The men were especially gracious to them, not only by loaning them their  horses, but also in their welcoming attitude.  

     All in all when they returned home they proclaimed their trip a great success  and in the articles written by Louise Tracy for magazines and local newspapers she  proclaimed that at last this is the moment in the history of women’s polo when the  old movie title might be used appropriately: Came The Dawn.

     This chapter contains four photographs and one Profile. 

Chapter Eleven: Winslow B. Felix Trophy of 1934 

     Riviera Country Club was located at the end of Sunset Boulevard in Los  Angeles and opened in 1927. It was a beautiful facility with four polo fields, one with  bleachers where the Sunday women and men’s polo games were held.  There was an  eighteen‐hole golf course and tennis courts and a beautiful clubhouse.  

     The Riviera Club was very fortunate to have Snowy Baker as their resident  coach. Snowy was a former Australian Olympian who came to Hollywood to be in  the movies but he decided the movies were not for him and landed at Riviera. Snowy  (he was named Snowy because of his white hair), believed that girls could play polo  just as well as boys, a theory he proved most successfully. 

     Riviera held men and women’s tournaments and in September of 1934, the  Winslow B. Felix women’s event was held in his honor. Mr. Felix had donated four  gold horse trophies for the occasion. The Riviera team of Rose Donnelly, Elaine  McInerney, Louise Tracy and Mary McCall won the prize. 

     Mr. Felix was a Riviera polo players and President of the Winslow B. Felix  Chevrolet Company, the largest automobile dealership in Los Angeles at the time. 

     On May 31, 1936, Mr. Felix was playing at Riviera on the Freebooters team  against the Riviera Blues when he attempted to ride off Snowy who was on the  opposite team. Felix’s pony stumbled and both riders and horses stumbled and fell  to the ground. Baker ignored his injuries and rescued Mr. Felix from the horse’s  hooves but not until Mr. Felix suffered serious injuries. He was rushed to the  hospital where unfortunately he died the next day. Mr. Felix was 42 years old. 

     Most people are not aware that polo is the most dangerous game in the  world. 

     This chapter contains four photographs. 

Chapter Twelve: The Lady Chaytor Tournament Brouhaha 

     The beginning of the first women’s polo association was not without its  difficulties. One incident occurred that almost caused the demise of the first  women’s polo association. 

     It was an invitational tournament extended by the Riviera Country Club to all  women polo players. A three‐day event to be held at the Riviera Club for the  prestigious “Lady Chaytor Challenge Trophy.” Seven teams accepted: Long Beach,  Las Amigas, Santa Barbara, Sacramento, Douglas School of Pebble Beach and  Pasatiempo, later the Pogonip team, captained by Dorothy Wheeler, the newly  elected chair of the Pacific Coast Women’s Polo Association. 

     The finals were between Riviera and the Pasatiempo Club but Dorothy  Wheeler refused to take the field as both referees were from the Riviera Club  whereas the ruling required there be one referee from each club. Finally, the  correction was made and Pasatiempo went on to win the tournament. 

     The Riviera Club felt that Dorothy had insulted them, as the replaced referee  was the husband of the president of the Riviera women’s team; therefore, the  Riviera women’s club resigned from the newly organized PCWPA. 

    But wait, Grace Douglas from Douglas School in Pebble Beach comes to the  rescue, and the PCWPA is back in business!

    This chapter contains five photographs and three Profiles. 

Chapter Thirteen: Pogonip Polo Club (1936) ­ a new polo field comes to Santa  

     When the Pasatiempo field was established in 1934 the field was undersized  and the grass was difficult to grow. 

     The Santa Cruz Golf and Country Club was going out of business and Dorothy  Wheeler and her husband, along with a few other wealthy backers, jumped at the  chance to start a polo field.  

     The golf course had been Bermuda grass. This superior grass was used to  build two new polo fields .The main polo field was established in front of the  beautiful clubhouse, and a lower practice field was also built.

     The new polo field had several advantages: It was completely piped with  spring water and it was a short twenty‐minute ride from the Wheeler’s ranch. 

    New stables were built so rental horses could be provided to the players, but  it was also unusual as the polo fields were built primarily for women polo players! 

     Mixed games were held on the weekends when the women were not away on  tournaments. However, occasionally all men’s tournaments were held. 

     Dorothy Wheeler encouraged the young people to play. She started them on  the lower polo field where they learned the importance of the rules and the  advantage of teamwork. When they became proficient they would graduate to the  
upper polo field.

     In November 1936, Dorothy’s dream of high‐goal matches played at Pogonip  came true. The third USWPA Circuit Championship was held at Pogonip and the  Pogonip team won for the third time in a row. They lost both the Governor’s Cup  and the U.S.Open that year but the Pogonip team did go on the win the Circuit  Championship for seven years in a row

     This chapter contains nine photographs and three Profiles.

Chapter Fourteen: California Women Play Polo in the East (1937) 

     It was finally Ann Jackson in June of 1937 who took a women’s Santa Barbara  polo team to play in the East. The Santa Barbara team shipped some twenty‐one  polo ponies back East but were met with a big surprise in the quality of play by one  Majorie LeBoutillier.  

    In Ann Jackson’ opinion she was the best player she had ever seen “BY TWO  

     Nevertheless, in front of a crowd of 4,000 the team from Santa Barbara did  hold their own but lost by a score of seven to six. As someone in the crown observed  the Eastern victory was not easily won. 

     One commentator remarked that the Long Island crowd was definitely  against women’s polo, no logical reason, just that it was not a game for the fair sex; a  statement that would not have surprised the women from California after their  chauvinistic treatment from the USPA in 1934.

     This chapter contains four photographs and two Profiles)

Chapter Fifteen: United States Open and Governor’s Cup  (1937 – 1938) 

     In October 3, 1937 the women’s polo invaded the Golden Gate polo field in  San Francisco. It was the first Open Tournament to be played by women. Unlike the  Association tournaments, the women did not have to be team members, but could  mix up and form teams of any combination. 

     They received a great deal of press from the San Francisco newspapers, as  many people had not witnessed this kind of horse showmanship from the ladies. One local paper wrote: “Arriving tomorrow with the Riviera women’s polo club,  which plays Mrs. Deming Wheeler’s Pogonip club Sunday at the Park Bowl, will be  Dorothy Rodgers and Audrey Scott, respective six goal players.” 

     This pair rides so well that Hollywood motion picture producers call on them  to take part in the horse riding sequences of pictures being made by famous actress.  Both Miss Rodgers and Miss Scott enjoy the dangers of hard riding, and frequently  double for movie actresses.” 

     Pogonip lost to the Riviera team by the uneven score of 9 to 1. 

     The finals between Riviera and Santa Barbara were played on October 10th.  Again the Riviera team was successful in winning by a score of 9 to 4,thus winning  the first United States Open Championship in which women were allowed to  

     Again the women headed to the Del Monte Polo field in Pebble Beach to play  the Governor’s trophy on October 15, 16, and 17. Once again the women could pick  their own teams. 

     On the final day of the tournament finals, it was the Pasatiempo team that  was victorious. 

     This chapter contains eight photographs.

Chapter Sixteen: U.C.L.A. Men’s Polo Team has a Woman on Their Side!

     In 1939 Barbara Rand, a former member of the Riviera women’s team, was  accepted as a member of the UCLA squad. However, according to the 1939 article in Life magazine there was a slight hitch. 

     USC refused to play UCLA with a women on the team. They wouldn’t play  UCLA that is, until Barbara was replaced with a man. 

     When Barbara was accepted as a student at UCLA she was also accepted as  the first woman to ride on the men’s polo team. Barbara was probably the first  woman in the nation to accomplish such an endeavor. 

    When Barbara made the men’s team, she was an eighteen‐year‐old  sophomore and carried a three goal rating in women’s national rankings.  Each  member of the UCLA team supplied his or her own horses.

     Barbara was born in Chicago and started her polo career playing indoor polo  at age twelve. In 1933 Barbara moved with her family to Los Angeles and started  playing polo at Riviera Country Club. Here she met the famous Snowy Baker who  became her coach and the rest is history 

     This chapter contains five photographs and one Profile) 

Chapter Seventeen – Final Games (1940 – 1941)) Newsreel at the Del Monte  
Polo Field 

     In June of 1940, Paramount, Universal and Fox Movietone film crews arrived  at the Del Monte polo field to shoot footage for a Newsreel between Pogonip and the  Douglas School women’s polo team of Pebble Beach. 

     One of the ace cameramen informed us that he shot over 800 feet of film of which he  would probably be able to use just eighty feet. 

    The film would be rushed to New York and within two weeks the newsreel  would be on the local screens.  

     Eric Tyrell‐Martin, international polo star, and Dick Collins, the polo coach  for Douglas School, helped to direct one polo scene after another of the eight players  who have played polo games up and down the coast in the highest of women’s polo.

     After the newsreel had been filmed, the Pogonip team had a practice round  
with Eric Tyrell‐Martin, the former Captain of the British polo team and nine‐goal  player and Dick Collins, the polo coach for Douglas School. 

     The newsreel arrived at our local theatre in Santa Cruz and the Pogonip team  was able to view themselves on the big screen. 

     In 1986, my sister Elaine’s son, Paul Kozak, was employed by the American  Film Institute and he was able to locate the newsreel. The Library at the University  of Santa Cruz purchased the film for their archives and gave me a copy of the film.  

     Fourteen tournaments are listed in the 1941 handicap book; no ’42 book was  produced as women’s polo came to a screeching halt and the USWPA turned their  efforts towards the war. 

     This chapter contains four photographs. 

Chapter Eighteen: United States Women’s Polo Association at War (1942). The  Women’s Mounted Corps 

     With the beginning of World War II on December 7, 1941, the women’s polo  association immediately became involved in the war effort. 

     Dorothy Wheeler traveled to Washington, D.C. where she offered the services  of the USWPA and, consequently, the women formed the United States Mounted  Corp and became a wing of the Red Cross Motor Corp. 
     Upon her return to Santa Cruz, Dorothy wrote the manual for the Mounted  Corps: “The United States Women’s Polo Association Manuel of Field Training  Maneuvers.” The training included recognition of military insignia, learning to read  maps, find fire trails and read a compass. And all members were required to have  standard and advanced first‐aid. Since their goal was to rescue any of the pilots that  might be shot down by the enemy, they adapted the Stokes stretcher to a horse.

      An invention that was so successful that the Army considered adopting their idea. 

     A Navy Relief polo exhibition was arranged at Golden Gate Park and the  Pogonip team participated in the two‐chukker event. 

     In 1942 three handsome Argentines came to Pogonip and when they  discovered just how good the women players were they stayed the summer. 

     This chapter contains five photographs. 

Chapter Nineteen: Polo in the Park (1998) 

     Polo in the Park is held in San Francisco at the Golden Gate Park and is a  benefit polo game for the James S. Brady Therapeutic riding program for children  with special needs. 

     The benefit was started by Melba Meakin in 1987 and gives the children the  opportunity to experience the joy of being on a horse and feeling the power of  movement and to look down on the world from above. 

     One of the finest polo players during the Golden Age of Women’s polo in the  30s and early 40s was Elaine McInerney‐Kozak. Elaine started playing polo at  Riviera Country Club at age nine. Her coach had been the remarkable Snowy Baker  and she went on to be a six‐goal player with the Pogonip team and participated in  the U.S. Open tournament of 1937 and 1938 and was on the winning team of the  Northern Circuit and the Circuit Championship that the Pogonip team won for seven  years in a row. She also played in the Governor’s Trophy, and the Proctor, Pacific  Coast Handicap, and the Scholastic Handicap tournaments. 

     In 1998 Melba Meakin established a perpetual trophy in honor of Elaine and  in 2001 Mayor Willie Brown of San Francisco declared it Elaine McInerney‐Kozak  

     Included in the chapter is a profile of Elaine. Also included are her memories  of her early career and how she played polo with Walt Disney, Spencer Tracy,  Robert Stack, Tim Holt to name a few. In 1935 she won the Will Rogers Trophy at  age twelve as the “most Improved Lady Polo Player.” 

     This chapter contains sixteen photographs and a profile of Elaine.

 Epilogue­Women’s Polo Since the End of World War II 

     The USWPA came to an end at the beginning of World War II. 

     Since its beginning in 1934, the USWPA grew until there were one hundred  thirty women players up and down the California coast. The USWPA organized as  many as twelve tournaments a year and when you consider the communications  system in those days, it was quite an accomplishment.  

     Tournaments could last from three to four days and there had to be room  and board for the women, as well as their horses and the grooms who traveled with  the horses. Remember, there was no email in those days so most of the connections  was done by mail and an occasional telegram and people didn’t casually pick up the  phone as we do today. 

     Nevertheless, women polo players were successful in starting the first and  only United States Women’s Polo Association, something that has not been  duplicated to this day. 

    The women today play with the men’s association and that would not have  happened if it had not been for the courage of Sue Sally Hale who in 1960 knew that  women were not accepted on the polo field so she disguised herself as a man and  played with the men for twenty years before they discovered she was a woman! 

    The USPA feared a lawsuit and the women now play under the USPA but they still do  not have their own handicap system as the women did in the 30s. 

    This Chapter contains a profile of Sue Sally.

Courtesy of :'_Thru_Chapter_Summeries.pdf
Posted: 10 Aug 2015 09:50 AM PDT


Reuter News Service
Published: Thursday, May 23 1991 12:00 a.m. MDT

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mozart celebrations bring out the bizarre in san francisco
Deseret News
May 23, 1991 - ... doing extensions," said Melba Meakin, who usually organizes polo events. ... Not to be outdone by horses, soprano Julie Queen plans to sing two arias ... at the University of California at San Francisco will hold a three-day ...

The bicentennial of Mozart's death is bringing out the musical best in many American cities this year, but in San Francisco it's also bringing out the bizarre.
The city launched a three-month ``Mozart and His Time'' festival on Wednesday, a celebration of 150 performances by 50 groups. Most - such as a joint performance by the symphony and opera - are truly classical.

The bicentennial of Mozart's death is bringing out the musical best in many American cities this year, but in San Francisco it's also bringing out the bizarre.
The city launched a three-month "Mozart and His Time" festival on Wednesday, a celebration of 150 performances by 50 groups. Most - such as a joint performance by the symphony and opera - are truly classical.But performance artist Hank Hyena is putting on a fashion show of Austrian undergarments of the late 18th century, and a local equestrian club plans a ballet in which horses will perform to the strains of Mozart and his contemporaries.
"They have an incredible facility to prance, and then they'll be doing extensions," said Melba Meakin, who usually organizes polo events. "To me, it's a close second to being in heaven, because you see this thousand-pound animal behaving like a ballerina."
Not to be outdone by horses, soprano Julie Queen plans to sing two arias from "The Magic Flute" while swinging on a trapeze.
"I'll be doing ankle hangs and balancing and hanging upside down and a type of somersault where I'm not coming off the trapeze," she said.
While Queen is exploring the physical angle, psychologists meeting at the University of California at San Francisco will hold a three-day symposium to psychoanalyze Mozart and his work.
"In some of his opera, he presents the internal psychological states or motifs of different characters simultaneously, which is something that hadn't been done before," said psychologist Leonard Zegans.
At the Exploratorium, a hands-on science museum, the staff is setting up tuned wine glasses on which visitors will be invited to play Mozart tunes.

Courtesy of :
Posted: 10 Aug 2015 09:13 AM PDT

At :
Posted: 10 Aug 2015 09:05 AM PDT

22 – 22ND AVENUE 
(415) 221 – 9438 
FED ID # 94-1196213

For Immediate Release 

Horses in California Inc. presents a vision 
for equestrian sports in urban parks  

   SAN FRANCISCO, CA – September 17, 2006 – Horses in California Inc., which has offered riding lessons for disabled children in San Francisco since 1987, envisions a time when the city would offer equestrian programs – riding, jumping, vaulting, dressage – to schoolchildren throughout the city.

    Melba Meakin, co-founder of the San Francisco nonprofit organization, said the city already has the perfect venues for such programs – McLaren Park and Golden Gate Park. 

    Meakin proposes restoring the stables at McLaren Park, which were demolished in 1957, and creating a premier 21st Century boarding and riding school, a complex that would become the crown jewel of riding academies in the nation. 

    In addition to providing equestrian programs for children from all socioeconomic levels, the McLaren Park Riding Stables would prepare athletes to compete in international events, including the Olympics. 

    Meakin also proposes establishing a world-class championship vaulting school at the Golden Gate Park Stables, which have been closed for five years. The school would offer physical education classes for children attending public schools in San Francisco. 

    Vaulting is a sport in which riders perform gymnastics and dance on a moving horse, alone or as a member of a team. Like other equestrian sports, vaulting teaches responsibility, trust and self-confidence. It helps children develop balance and strength, and overcome social and attention problems. 

   Children with special needs, including those with varying degrees of autism, thrive in vaulting performance and competition. 

    Children who take classes at the Golden Gate Park Stables could compete in local, state, national and international events. 

     To fund the restoration of the McLaren Park Riding Stables, Meakin proposes establishing the San Francisco Bay International, a three day crosscountry equestrian competition to be held in San Bruno Mountain State Park in San Mateo County. Comparable events in England annually attract up to 300,000 spectators. The course would not cause environmental damage in the park. 

     For more information contact Melba Meakin at (415) 221-9438, or email 
her at

Courtesy of :
Posted: 10 Aug 2015 08:50 AM PDT

Polo, Churchill and charity come to Santa Rosa

Erik Wright of Java Beach, left and Bryan's Bonnie McGill batle for the ball during the Polo in the Park - The Winston S. Churchill and James S. Brady Courage Cup at the Santa Rosa Polo Club at Oakmont, Saturday Oct. 8, 2011. (Kent Porter / Press Democrat) 2011
October 8, 2011, 9:12PM 
Sir Winston Churchill would have enjoyed the scene at the Wine Country Polo Club in Santa Rosa, where polo teams played a charity match Saturday.
"My grandfather would have loved to be here, watching a sport he loved so much," said Celia Sandys, granddaughter of the British wartime leader and statesman .
Sandys, a Churchill historian and author, presented the trophy at the Winston S. Churchill and James S. Brady Courage Cup held at the club's Trione Field in Oakmont.

Polo In The Park

The event benefits a Bay Area horseback therapy program for children with autism, cerebral palsy and other developmental disorders.
This year, it partnered with the Churchill Centre, a London-based nonprofit dedicated to the statesman's work. Churchill was an avid polo player, winning the All—India Cup with his regimental team in the late 1890s.
Churchill played with one arm strapped to his side because he'd injured his shoulder getting off a ship, Sandys said.
He continued playing until he was in his 50s.
The charity match has been held for the past 26 years at the polo fields in San Francisco's Golden Gate Park. It moved north this year when they weren't available, said Melba Meakin of Horses in California, the nonprofit that sponsors the match.
Santa Rosa philanthropist Henry Trione offered the Oakmont polo fields for free, she said.
"The horses like this field and the riders do too," Meakin said.

(page 2 of 2)
The event also pays tribute to James Brady, the former press secretary for President Ronald Reagan who was seriously wounded and permanently disabled in an assassination attempt on the president in 1981.
Brady is a supporter of equine therapy and agreed to lend his name to the match.
The Java Beach team from Menlo Polo Club won Saturday's match 7-4 over a team with players from the Santa Rosa and Sutter Buttes polo clubs.
Courtesy of

Posted: 10 Aug 2015 08:27 AM PDT

By: Erin ~ August 27, 2010
Proceeds Benefit James S. Brady Therapeutic Riding Program For Children with Special Needs

San Francisco, Calif. — September 1, 2010 — Horses in California, Inc. a non-profit organization dedicated to uniting San Francisco through horses and horse-related events is proud to announce their annual Polo in the Park, the Bay Area’s premier charity polo event benefiting the James S. Brady Therapeutic Riding Program (JBTRP). This year’s event will take place Sunday, September 26th from 12:00 pm to 5:00 pm at the Bercut Equitation Field in Golden Gate Park.
“The James S. Brady Therapeutic Riding Program has brought over 400 mentally or physically challenged children the opportunity to gain a love and respect for animals, better self-confidence, improved social skills, increased joint mobility and enhanced neural development,” said Melba Meakin, Founder of Horses in California, Inc. “San Francisco has a long and prestigious equestrian history that has become critically endangered of disappearing over the past ten years. Horses in California is dedicated to keeping this tradition alive with our annual Polo in the Park event benefiting the JBTRP.”
Now in its 26th year, Polo in the Park brings together local polo players to vie for the Eric Pedley Perpetual Trophy. Polo in the Park will feature an arena polo tournament. Arena polo is similar to field polo but played in an enclosed field with a softer ball and allows spectators to get even closer to all the action.
In addition to polo, many activities will take place throughout the day for the whole family to enjoy. These events will include:
  • English High-Tea Service: Enjoy scrumptious tea sandwiches, scones, sweet treats and English teas sponsored by Tal-y-Tara Tea and Polo Shoppe.
  • Raffle Drawings
  • Fashion Show By Wee Scotty: Featuring fashions for the holidays for girls ages 2 to 16, including prom wear.
  • Live Musical Performances
  • Wine Tasting: Exquisite wines from California are available for tasting.
  • Horse Shows and Exhibition Show Jumping
“The emotional and spiritual benefits of horseback riding are profound and become self-evident when you witness a child experiencing the joy of horses for the very first time,” said Sarah Meakin, Executive Director of the James S. Brady Therapeutic Riding Program.
Tickets for Polo in the Park are $100 per person or $700 for a table of eight. Children ages 12 and under free. All proceeds benefit the James S. Brady Therapeutic Riding Program. For more information and to purchase tickets visit
About Horses in California, Inc.
Founded in the 1980’s, by long-term San Francisco residents Hugh and Melba Meakin, Horses in California, Inc, is a non-profit organization dedicated to bringing equestrian-related arts, events, and physical wellness to disadvantaged and special needs children throughout the San Francisco Bay Area. It operates the James S. Brady Therapeutic Riding Program and hosts the annual Polo in the Park charity event.
About the James S. Brady Therapeutic Riding Program
The James S. Brady Therapeutic Riding Program for children with autism and other special needs is the main beneficiary of Polo in the Park, and provides children in the San Francisco Bay Area with horsemanship and horseback riding lessons as a physical or social therapy alternative. The “Brady Program” has helped over 400 mentally or physically challenged children under the direction of personnel who have been certified and insured by the Equine Associated Growth and Learning Association. The organization uses specially trained Norwegian Fiord therapy horses at weekly lessons in Bercut Equitation Field, Golden Gate Park San Francisco.
The “Brady Program” has received a Certificate of Recognition from the California Legislature Assembly and Award of Honor from the City and County of San Francisco.
For More Information Contact:
Michelle Reingold
Cell: (650) 281-5866

Courtesy of :
Posted: 10 Aug 2015 08:19 AM PDT

The following article was written by Horses in 
California Co-founder Melba Meakin and published on May 2, 1993.

"Welcome! It’s hard to believe, but gratifying, that Polo in the Park is celebrating it’s 10th birthday!

"Our first Show Jumping Grand Prix was held in July, 1984, at the Fort Barry Rifle Range in the Marin Headlands of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area.

"The following year, in August, 1985, the event was welcomed enthusiastically for the first time to the Polo Field of San Francisco’s world-renowned Golden Gate Park, fulfilling a dream for me.

"That dream was to let everyone enjoy the beauty and elegance, history and inspiration of the horse and its relationship with humans, in this—one of the splendid parks and great cities of the world.

"All ages, from children to grandparents, love horses, from the nag to the thoroughbred. Here we come to celebrate the horse, which has served humans for transport, for burden bearing, for individual pleasure, as a friend, for a livelihood, and even for our physical survival. The horse is part of our heritage. It’s unlikely the West could have been settled without it.

"Rare is the heart that is not touched to see a horse, in repose or in action.

"As we grew, we were especially pleased to be able to help children with physical disabilities grow in strength and self-esteem, through our James S. Brady Therapeutic Riding Program, which benefits from this event. And this year we welcome for the first time, joint sponsorship of the Queen’s Club and its beneficiaries, The Not Forgotten Association.

"The San Francisco Grand Prix Association and Polo in the Park Classics represent a rekindling of the principles identified by our founding fathers of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

"The vision—the harness of hope—is the leadership needed, not only by riders, but by every citizen in the nation.

"Be welcome, have a cup of tea, and enjoy!

-Melba Meakin, Co-Founder, Horses in California, Inc.
© 2007. Horses in California, Inc. All rights reserved. Design by Splénium Marketing Communications.
courtesy of ; 
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Posted: 10 Aug 2015 08:05 AM PDT

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