Wednesday, July 27, 2016

LEARNING OBJECTIVES After reading this section, you should be able to answer the following questions: 1. How do people develop an understanding of their political culture? 2. What is political socialization, and why is it important? 3. What constitutes a political generation?

Raising the Flag at Ground Zero

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Raising the Flag at Ground Zero is a photograph by Thomas E. Franklin of The Record (Bergen County, NJ), taken on September 11, 2001. The picture shows three New York City firefighters raising the American flag at Ground Zero of the World Trade Center, following the September 11 attacks. The official names for the photograph used by The Record are Firefighters Raising Flag and Firemen Raising the Flag at Ground Zero.[1] The photo appeared on The Record front page on September 12, 2001. The paper also put it on the Associated Press wire and it appeared on the covers of several newspapers around the world. It has often been compared to theRaising the Flag on Iwo Jima photograph taken by Joe Rosenthal during World War II.


Franklin shot the photograph shortly after 5 p.m. with a telephoto lens. At this time, he was standing under a pedestrian walkway across the West Side Highway that connected the center to the World Financial Center, located at the northwest corner of the World Trade Center site. Franklin said the firefighters were about 150 yards (140 m) away from him and the debris was 100 yards (91 m) beyond that. They were about 20 feet (6.1 m) off the ground.
Franklin had hitched a ride on a tug boat across the Hudson River, arriving around noon after the towers had collapsed. He was with photographer James Nachtwey when he saw the firefighters.
The firefighters pictured were Brooklyn-based firefighters George Johnson of Rockaway Beach, Dan McWilliams of Long Island (both from Ladder 157), and Billy Eisengrein ofStaten Island (Rescue 2).


The flag came from the yacht Star of America, owned by Shirley Dreifus of the Majestic Star, which was docked in the yacht basin in the Hudson River at the World Financial Center. McWilliams cut the yardarm off of the yacht with a K-Saw and then took the flag and its pole from the yacht to an evacuation area on the northwest side of the site. They found a pole about 20 feet (6.1 m) off the ground.
The flag has since disappeared. The city thought it had possession of the flag after the attack, Mayor Rudolph Giuliani and George Pataki signed it, and it flew at the New York City HallYankee Stadium, and on the USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN-71) during its service in the Mideast. However, when the flag's owner, Dreifus, prepared to formally donate the flag, it was discovered that there was a size discrepancy: while the yacht's flag measured four feet by six feet, the flag the city had in its possession measured five feet by eight feet.[2] As of 2014, the flag has yet to be found. Dreifus started a website[3] in an effort to get the flag back.[4] A 2013 CNN documentary film, The Flag, investigates the mystery of this missing 9/11 icon.[5]

Later use[edit]

White House photo of March 11, 2002, unveiling of Heroes stamp. From left Postmaster General John E. Potter; Firefighters Billy Eisengrein and George Johnson; George W. Bush; U.S. Rep. Gary Ackerman, 5th District, N.Y. (who sponsored the stamp); Firefighter Dan McWilliams; and Record photographer Thomas E. Franklin, who took the photo featured on the stamp
The "Heroes 2001" stamp, USA Scott #B2, was unveiled on March 11, 2002 by President George W. Bush, in a ceremony attended by Franklin, Johnson, Eisengrein, and McWilliams. These stamps were semipostals: they had a purchase price (45¢) higher than their postage value (34¢), with the balance given to the Federal Emergency Management Agency's relief efforts. A special exception was thus made to the normal requirement by the United States Postal Service that subjects of stamps be deceased.
In December 2001, the New York City Fire Department unveiled plans for a statue based on the photograph to be placed at the Brooklyn headquarters. In an effort to be inclusive of all those who had been affected by the tragedy, the statue was to include black, white, and Hispanic firefighters. The change in ethnicity from the actual firefighters, all of whom are white, proved controversial enough that the statue was never built.
On November 5, 2007, a 40-foot (12 m) tall bronze monument based on the photograph called 'To Lift A Nation' and depicting three New York firefighters raising the flag over the ruins of the World Trade Center was dedicated at the National Fallen Firefighters Memorial Park in Emmitsburg, Md.[6]

From another angle[edit]

The picture taken by Thomas E. Franklin is not to be confused with another picture of the same event but from a different angle by Ricky Flores for The Journal News. Flores also was able to get near Ground Zero on the day of the attacks and at around the same time that Franklin took his shot, Flores was able to get into a second story of a building on Canal Street with its glass shattered out and capturethis picture.[4]
The iconic photograph of 9/11 firefighters raising a flag near the rubble of the World Trade Center plaza
is immortalized in a US postage stamp. Thomas Franklin, the veteran reporter who took the photo, said
that the image reminded him of the famous Associated Press image of Marines raising the American flag
on Iwo Jima during World War II.

From another angle: KEY TAKEAWAYS ~ link in

NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC FOR KIDs  this is more the really cool guy on KGO to term to how to place with care and license to understand how to tie these very important FRAGMENTs to the comprehension of the 'We the People' without offending yet bringing envelope to the POE (Port of Entry).  For this day July 27th, 2016 we the learning will place the idea of what was the original instructions for clicking on a site?? What should one do should that tell all of those relating present day history to Historic Active Wars in World Wars and also says: 

Political culture is defined by the ideologies, values, beliefs, norms, customs, traditions, and heroes characteristic of a nation. People living in a particular political culture share views about the nature and operation of government. Political culture changes over time in response to dramatic events, such as war, economic collapse, or radical technological developments. The core American values of democracy and capitalism are vested in the American creed. American exceptionalism is the idea that the country has a special place in the world because of the circumstances surrounding its founding and the settling of a vast frontier. Rituals, traditions, and symbols bond people to their culture and can stimulate national pride. Folklore consists of stories about a nation’s leaders and heroes; often embellished, these stories highlight the character traits that are desirable in a nation’s citizens. Heroes are important for defining a nation’s political culture. America has numerous subcultures based on geographic region; demographic, personal, and social characteristics; religious affiliation, and artistic inclinations. America’s unique multicultural heritage is vested in the various racial and ethnic groups who have settled in the country, but conflicts can arise when subgroups compete for societal resources. 

 Exercises ~ link in

1. What do you think the American flag represents? Would it bother you to see someone burn an American flag? Why or why not? 

2. What distinction does the text make between beliefs and values? Are there things that you believe in principle should be done that you might be uncomfortable with in practice? What are they? 

3. Do you agree that America is uniquely suited to foster freedom and equality? Why or why not? 

4. What characteristics make you think of someone as particularly American? Does race or cultural background play a role in whether you think of a person as American