United States nationality law
|It has been suggested that Citizenship in the United States be merged into this article. (Discuss) Proposed since June 2015.|
Rights and responsibilities of U.S. citizens
Rights of citizens
Responsibilities of citizens
Acquisition of citizenship
Birth within the United States
- Is born in the United States
- Has parents that are subjects of a foreign power, but not in any diplomatic or official capacity of that foreign power
- Has parents that have permanent domicile and residence in the United States
- Has parents that are in the United States for business
Through birth abroad to United States citizens
Birth abroad to two United States citizens
- Both parents were U.S. citizens at the time of the child's birth;
- The parents are married; and
- At least one parent lived in the United States prior to the child's birth. INA 301(c) and INA 301(a)(3) state, "and one of whom has had a residence."
Birth abroad to one United States citizen
- The person's parents were married at time of birth
- One of the person's parents was a U.S. citizen when the person in question was born
- The citizen parent lived at least five years in the United States before the child's birth
- A minimum of two of these five years in the United States were after the citizen parent's 14th birthday.
- The person's parents were married at the time of birth
- One of the person's parents was a U.S. citizen when the person was born
- The citizen parent lived at least ten years in the United States before the child's birth;
- A minimum of 5 of these 10 years in the United States were after the citizen parent's 14th birthday.
- the mother was a U.S. citizen at the time of the person's birth and
- the mother was physically present in the United States or one of its outlying possessions for a continuous period of one year prior to the person's birth. (See link for those born to a U.S. father out of wedlock)
Eligibility for naturalization
Eligibility for public office
Expeditious naturalization of children
Child Citizenship Act of 2000
- The child has at least one United States citizen parent (by birth or naturalization)
- The child is under 18 years of age
- The child is currently residing permanently in the United States in the legal and physical custody of the United States citizen parent
- The child has been admitted to the United States as a lawful permanent resident or has been adjusted to this status
- An adopted child must also meet the requirements applicable to the particular provision under which they qualified for admission as an adopted child under immigration law
- Guam (1898–1950) (Citizenship granted by an Act of Congress through the Guam Organic Act of 1950).
- the Philippines (1898–1935) (National status rescinded in 1935; granted independence in 1946; United States citizenship never accorded)
- Puerto Rico (1898–1917) (Citizenship granted through the Jones–Shafroth Act of 1917).
- the U.S. Virgin Islands (1917–1927) (Citizenship granted by an Act of Congress in 1927).