Tuesday, September 29, 2015

I Guess You Figure It Out Eventually 'Cause Its Really Tactile About The Birds And The Bees

People do not seem to understand the basic book lessons in the fast of the slammed,
seeds of whom the gardener story did trade Tree for the snake and a give,
to the hoe and the shovel touching the tack,
its all about seeding the ladder day shack,
while fighting lost reason a Sense for the kite,
myth or technology or given a crib,
the weird on the fight have forgotten that this,
is the ability to understand wise in stories that grow.

As the chorus of put knows the sperm and the place,
when is it that Mankind realizes the stories on Vase,
as whom in what country will stand for whats left,
as the fill of the shaft only needs a rooms lap.

As the Catholic basis on many priests in the store,
change the tidbits and know of the chore,
just allow the list to empty the still,
all while the breeds are worked for the bill,
what is Import for the goat to the fill,
should that be of necessary to bank your brains skill,
than you would realize the factor of scanned.

Like cattle on stock hour minutes the tracks,
good grain to the Oats wheat on the back,
weeds are than pulled burned in the trash,
what ewe have left is the steering of racked,
no pea tree dish needed for its chase the alive,
breaking them down to farmed and a tub.

Forest the shame that I have tried to explain,
should the basic comprehension understand the Worlds a tram,
why it is so dangerous for a spark to have spoke,
as I am alone and the National joke.

BDSM is an extremely Ancient Art,
for the Tell and the Speak are as simple as Mark,
ease of the words to attempt these expels,
I have placed on google the worry for tells.

To hobbles and shackles death and the seed,
all that is waist is put to the feed,
selfie on Internets to show of the term,
the trouble of ground is that not one person listened as I worried for Learned.

In the trace of my rhythm the difficult shakes,
to have just kept in simple to talk on the shores as the Waves went to rates,
the importance of what I said again and again,
in a great grasp that the blank is a skin.

But the judgements' been hard and exceptions took bent,
not in the consider did one people say pen,
so as the writing went wiggle to portion of spin,
this has proven to be the most of the shed on this difficult den.

Bucket Knews

The plural Cow the Land of all the brand upon the for heads of the grue A crop of bales Route,
that is the front door delivery the Envelope is Dires on the Actual scope in Side edition own`ds,
the Call ouch best to Tablets lead down that Primrose Patty wack,
striking stall the Country laughed at all the Signals blinking Lap.

The body rise on fall in louse touch the sound of Couch,
the ear plus bean to say that fern bedding case from library burned,
scrolls that toll'd the Calendar on distance now the Howl,
ancient Wolf to shadow Clay red dirt shales the reins of Paved.

So as the People founder the Mane is on the pulled,
clearly it is Polo rice to understand the back Bones skill,
Jung did file crews to ground that in the Eye the book tell,
up Rook to bishop castle Rod it is the fleecing Profit Sod.

For that is the Ace of cards on dice to Shake the bar to see the Rised,
but in this turn of about lining round is voices crowd,
rolling language with more on said that vice of being in the Ted it is not the clot of casper ghost,
I know that balance on the beam A Foot to print the sand of scream.

Outline nicely for drones Mankind to felt the frost of Ice on dime,
there it is The Plan and tight to cent of bell the ringing played to stall of Farm Animals stalling stout Pear raid,
screaming Engines oils grade it is the dash of oh be Naid,
as that is green to Planet ma Sheen the age of Earth it is the hide of Elephants perd.

Per Roo

As threats become reality to over come the beaches say it is those roommates echo voice,
in the sleep of humanity the closet fill is terminology to inside crop to blow,
as that hour found is the shipping trait ores magnitude to burrow with the sneeze,
sun ranks list to watch again the bath of bloody goods.

As ink can in the Circa known 1500 on the book Its History with a rear view cheek,
stole in gold inn shields put to place the shown of caved bye raced,
a mind does dust the sinking rates to pedigree in dog food grades,
school of saw to veins on duds Oh for the waist it pants to take that taste with chewing vased.

Taking treasures Brain and face the recognition for the Jester bankers on the spills,
to that is the board of Vending.

Mache in plaster Walls of trace touching lettuce Recycled baste with that talkie lining,
breast of Turkey religions skates that is the present day of cost,
coax in nicely silent breeze for the Scent of ever crease,
hum to Whistle frogs of Boiled skulls and Cross the biblical Soil.

Sweeping parts of bodies truth on that is the Ass of Chute,
burning down the Slides of ground Playland knows of burlap town,
Sal was the ample doll on Shape to laugh the belly and scare the crates it is the box of coffins,
glass paper scissors Roosting hens in scramble to Scrabbled bends.

Testing electricity plugs of sound Sirens round tacking Fates,
ore a Coles with jazz at braise so Interest puts the Corner plates,
waltz the dance ask not the paste Sticky syrup drilled from dates,
dry figure eased with talk conversation On tee Vee,
diplomacy lost at sat.

In early storm the Sea knows Ocean to be leave and stay in gracious stare,
communication torn the scar bleeding back to fry the phat,
breach of port to internal strike coming for the core of stood,
falling anchors slipping Sky it will seem the desk of crowd,
for in the passing slate to stock the water is the better doll.

A chicken shop that does not stop for in between and on the sort sew Quickly fear grows hares,
bun knee Hops the drink goes Pop rabbits painted with being speed to put the should a dew,
mountains fail people group it is to lathe and foot on fence,
than on process Parades are not that Symphony is death buy toys.

To dates and figures that Sir come Seized the World grabs the balls of being to Bread the docket files,
so fast that starve the screens go blank Information knows the dark,
empty pulse shocks no one as the brought is stinging lung,
towards to shed the deaths so raid in borrow over to the ate of laid.

Pulling children like it Ate the born to class the Tables break,
hinged with truss the shaft that sets to the Silver rough and rust at tepid,
the warm suit so does the eating brave a grave in the tile stake,
first the say than the wake and third it strikes it out.

5.59 P.M.
The world is a filling of the sliced lands at large,
the event on the ever farmer,
earth does move her plates to state it takes billions to her plates,
by which is the grace of stand the comprehension or the bodies sayer.

As the waves push Pull to tide the rows,
a said to charts on millions leaf,
a Vineyard touch the choir shading,
the park of groves to trees in stead!!

The Forest of great correlation shown to stride the Seed did stretch to bread,
that channel strong to planted,
then Eucalyptus strained for California,
on the big thunder wall for dust & lumber!!

So fast the growing of the twisted,
no good did seed be burned or build,
that is the Turquoise of the Twaddle,
oh wait it is the ever green.

With wheat Quest rye to drinks and Garlic,
the salts that silk of great enhanced trades,
ships and freight the reining skate,
to what end is the poplar birch.

That slip of harbor strokes the fertile skirt through the Tree of what is trunk,
in depth the route of rooted rocking to the ways of what is talking,
a swim of fly to planes of bright is the work A chain saw at the language of the lawn
welcome speak as touched parlay to one ka trillion mirrors a spay.

Stagger with the breeze as the North in south of East,
West is a Coastal Bing singing Grapes the Apple bar penned,
in deep last night to colors seen,
I thought to Odd a See in Sleeping,
that strange of what does Lane bowl Moon.

In Vlasic Pick Coal,
is the fires spelling what is a broad in 'struction',
at the move to no common tongue what be leaf will Wine,
a cup of Glass for skull in Pass the cherry or the root.

Questions often math to millions The Inn of spell the Or ole,
a pyramid to put design on base of stilt how did The Sphinx know Facial still,
how Hell is sewn to Hems in skill with Watches timex,
a sweeping sail the tidals shale is from the kick on by lets.

Bum the trumpets Violin,
playing sheets of concrete cream,
a card boar sign to sounding pounds,
the thickest smooth in war on shrouds.

The ever quiet straddle speak that invite to the thrush on sneak a balance beam Straight,
a foot step herd that brakes the ground by venture of frustrating leek,
freezing cold the winters knoll hunger games the reach,
in much there is the hiding Pine.

Of Crowds that rivers speech to Creek of bones alive,
indeed the vowel of towel in Times the Ages in the mass truck stick,
in all law law law All Law Law Law,
which is the shore of Freedom soar'd.

Shell the parody to pearling with String of people Religions skeet of art position sharps,
is foggy praise of whether Vains that cock A doodle due in chilled or at the Print shops A dull,
for on the dark ages rounds the venue held to walk,
a pirate chalked.

The El Is AAC`t

Oh for San Francisco and the streets that gave me such grace to be of the gradual kind,
in the hugs from the eyes that used to be of the bearings of Family and wonder,
that was the basis of the Sunset to tack with the rib on the Richmond that Smiled and grinned,
in the Tenderloin the hard workers and the Corners for the base I love the memories of Coffee And tee,
it brought my little life the reason with read.

Thank you for the best days that made this Mad introduction to Know the brass,
in the instrument of raise I was blessed with All Human lives from basic to Talks,
 Kids seeing such Fantastic lanes,
Union Square to the Top of the Mark,
a Cable Car and that Rice A Roni Treat.

Songs from the 60's to bing,
in that the shower of understanding the difficulties that plagued people daily,
on the lens of now the tried and the Week.

to thread of the fibers on the regular move have had to be Chess,
topped by the shams that take to be ran,
free with the party to dead end the cause.

As in any brave Country that allows the steam it Wills to the Air bee and bee,
in that the Taxi with no receipt to escort the said to that empty hotel,
all with no deposit just disappearance in scene,
that is the product that makes entry the bed.

Touch that International invitation to scoot to the very next darning claim,
in with the foot up the stairs to familiar it is the put to be a brand of ration,
as that is the living trust to screw down the lid,
it is the finals on an Age to place band to that view!!

So a simple swipe leads to dried flowers all of those bell perks to no need to produce,
the slaughter without the proof of the cheese Baskets of better than that last darn import,
cherry to Pop tarts whom would just say that screen on the cell Phones would hard line to pay`d,
so quickly it drives like the Folks on R.V.s,
recreation on branches the hi technical psychology of the modern deed shade,
the falcon and the Snowmen that sell vending machine trades.

Monday, September 28, 2015

In Form May Shin

Tried and truth the bearing of the route to a ride on the marrow,
life is full to the scream of what is told to be and yet its all a stare,
the apple bite to that red sea of tablets rain,
the massive reply to a commerce that speaks shine to a seat but death to a peeled.

The grand chains as Hell is the thread to the shredding of ever die,
then on the church pew the preach is of extra eternity on whom is the barrel of the rum.

Sheds to the covers and silence to the lambs,
survival is the action of the dumps,
for should the priest envelope deviled eggs than the cope is scrambled,
the bell toll is the fee for the life on the turns,
in dined upon at the pipers price,
oh for the march,
its not the some that road now sadly its the plenty!!

Shores of dimes spelling scores have brought to the lather a seat,
for the beatings on my own body I spell wrecked,
not a polite manner in the closed spoken,
as the door of religion swings and for the sorrow I say lives are caught in the pinch at left.

The world grazes on the pain and thrill rides the story,
exhilarated by the gossip pits and the falling lumbering of lived,
streaks of memorized flow to a streams denial but its the eyes that speech volumes in Plenty,
forests on the clear cuts have grown to know people are honestly harps,
stringing the theater to pieces for stride then mooring the pierce for each every bone,
the splinters that still bother the mind are puzzled and prodded to echo no sewn,
just jagged left overs from ribbons shredded machined once the mind of a bet driven lean,
now its the process of platters and pings,
all in the singing of decision to read.

A Cup Of Tea On BBC At A Beatiful Day Recorded In Worchester

Whisky secret to long life, says 109-year-old woman

16 September 2015 Last updated at 20:38 BST
A woman celebrating her 109th birthday said the secret to her longevity is a tot of whisky.
"I don't drink but I have a little drop of whisky every night," said Grace Jones, of Broadway, Worcestershire.
She is the oldest person in the county and has received her sixth card from the Queen.
BBC Midlands Today reporter Amy Cole went to meet Mrs Jones.
see video at it is very endearinghttp://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-hereford-worcester-34272349?post_id=10203407335823540_10203407335743538

Sunday, September 27, 2015

Wii In^Tier^RUP`t This Super Special Bull A Tun For This Important Message

I thought as I was having my Morning coffee today the 27th on Calendar of Month Number 9 year of 2015,
the day that Football was made a National & very defining Weekly event,
as the Live Coverage from The National Broad Casting asks,
What Pull pitt Will be of this absolute In tell on address.

we interrupt this program to bring You 

1. the following . . . . 


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

For other uses, see Information (disambiguation).
The ASCII codes for the word "Wikipedia" represented in binary, the numeral system most commonly used for encoding textual computer information
Information (shortened as info or info.) is that which informs, i.e. an answer to a question, as well as that from which knowledge and datacan be derived (as data represents values attributed to parameters, and knowledge signifies understanding of real things or abstract concepts).[1] As it regards data, the information's existence is not necessarily coupled to an observer (it exists beyond an event horizon, for example), while in the case of knowledge, the information requires a cognitive observer.
At its most fundamental, information is any propagation of cause and effect within a system. Information is conveyed either as the content of a message or through direct or indirect observation of some thing. That which is perceived can be construed as a message in its own right, and in that sense, information is always conveyed as the content of a message.
Information can be encoded into various forms for transmission and interpretation (for example, information may be encoded into a sequenceof signs, or transmitted via a sequence of signals). It can also be encrypted for safe storage and communication.
Information resolves uncertainty. The uncertainty of an event is measured by its probability of occurrence and is inversely proportional to that. The more uncertain an event, the more information is required to resolve uncertainty of that event. The bit is a typical unit of information, but other units such as the nat may be used. Example: informational in one "fair" coin flip: log2(2/1) = 1 bit, and in two fair coin flips is he gets a bone log2(4/1) = 2 bits.
The concept that information is the message has different meanings in different contexts.[2] Thus the concept of information becomes closely related to notions of constraintcommunicationcontroldataformeducationknowledgemeaningunderstandingmental stimulipattern,perceptionrepresentation, and entropy.


The English word was apparently derived from the Latin stem (information-) of the nominative (informatio): this noun is derived from the verb informare (to inform) in the sense of "to give form to the mind", "to discipline", "instruct", "teach". Inform itself comes (via French informer) from the Latin verb informare, which means to give form, or to form an idea of. Furthermore, Latin itself already contained the word informatio meaning concept or idea, but the extent to which this may have influenced the development of the wordinformation in English is not clear.
The ancient Greek word for form was μορφή (morphe; cf. morph) and also εἶδος (eidos) "kind, idea, shape, set", the latter word was famously used in a technical philosophical sense by Plato (and later Aristotle) to denote the ideal identity or essence of something (see Theory of Forms). "Eidos" can also be associated with thought, proposition, or even concept.
The ancient Greek word for information is πληροφορία, which transliterates (plērophoria) from πλήρης (plērēs) "fully" and φέρω (phorein) frequentative of (pherein) to carry-through. It literally means "fully bears" or "conveys fully". In modern Greek language the word Πληροφορία is still in daily use and has the same meaning as the word informationin English. Unfortunately biblical scholars have translated (plērophoria) into "full assurance" creating a connotative meaning of the word. In addition to its primary meaning, the word Πληροφορία as a symbol has deep roots in Aristotle's semiotic triangle. In this regard it can be interpreted to communicate information to the one decoding that specific type of sign. This is something that occurs frequently with the etymology of many words in ancient and modern Greek language where there is a very strong denotative relationship between the signifier, e.g. the word symbol that conveys a specific encoded interpretation, and the signified, e.g. a concept whose meaning the interpretant attempts to decode.

Information theory approach[edit]

Main article: Information theory
From the stance of information theoryinformation is taken as an ordered sequence of symbols from an alphabet, say an input alphabet χ, and an output alphabet ϒ. Information processing consists of an input-output function that maps any input sequence from χ into an output sequence from ϒ. The mapping may be probabilistic or deterministic. It may have memory or be memoryless.[3]

As sensory input[edit]

Often information can be viewed as a type of input to an organism or system. Inputs are of two kinds; some inputs are important to the function of the organism (for example, food) or system (energy) by themselves. In his book Sensory Ecology[4] Dusenbery called these causal inputs. Other inputs (information) are important only because they are associated with causal inputs and can be used to predict the occurrence of a causal input at a later time (and perhaps another place). Some information is important because of association with other information but eventually there must be a connection to a causal input. In practice, information is usually carried by weak stimuli that must be detected by specialized sensory systems and amplified by energy inputs before they can be functional to the organism or system. For example, light is often a causal input to plants but provides information to animals. The colored light reflected from a flower is too weak to do much photosynthetic work but the visual system of the bee detects it and the bee's nervous system uses the information to guide the bee to the flower, where the bee often finds nectar or pollen, which are causal inputs, serving a nutritional function.

As representation and complexity[edit]

The cognitive scientist and applied mathematician Ronaldo Vigo argues that information is a concept that involves at least two related entities in order to make quantitative sense. These are, any dimensionally defined category of objects S, and any of its subsets R. R, in essence, is a representation of S, or, in other words, conveys representational (and hence, conceptual) information about S. Vigo then defines the amount of information that R conveys about S as the rate of change in the complexity of S whenever the objects in R are removed from S. Under "Vigo information", pattern, invariance, complexity, representation, and information—five fundamental constructs of universal science—are unified under a novel mathematical framework.[5][6][7] Among other things, the framework aims to overcome the limitations of Shannon-Weaver information when attempting to characterize and measure subjective information.

As an influence which leads to a transformation[edit]

Information is any type of pattern that influences the formation or transformation of other patterns.[8][9] In this sense, there is no need for a conscious mind to perceive, much less appreciate, the pattern.[citation needed] Consider, for example, DNA. The sequence of nucleotides is a pattern that influences the formation and development of an organism without any need for a conscious mind.
Systems theory at times seems to refer to information in this sense, assuming information does not necessarily involve any conscious mind, and patterns circulating (due tofeedback) in the system can be called information. In other words, it can be said that information in this sense is something potentially perceived as representation, though not created or presented for that purpose. For example, Gregory Bateson defines "information" as a "difference that makes a difference".[10]
If, however, the premise of "influence" implies that information has been perceived by a conscious mind and also interpreted by it, the specific context associated with this interpretation may cause the transformation of the information into knowledge. Complex definitions of both "information" and "knowledge" make such semantic and logical analysis difficult, but the condition of "transformation" is an important point in the study of information as it relates to knowledge, especially in the business discipline of knowledge management. In this practice, tools and processes are used to assist a knowledge worker in performing research and making decisions, including steps such as:
  • reviewing information in order to effectively derive value and meaning
  • referencing metadata if any is available
  • establishing a relevant context, often selecting from many possible contexts
  • deriving new knowledge from the information
  • making decisions or recommendations from the resulting knowledge.
Stewart (2001) argues that the transformation of information into knowledge is a critical one, lying at the core of value creation and competitive advantage for the modern enterprise.
The Danish Dictionary of Information Terms[11] argues that information only provides an answer to a posed question. Whether the answer provides knowledge depends on the informed person. So a generalized definition of the concept should be: "Information" = An answer to a specific question".
When Marshall McLuhan speaks of media and their effects on human cultures, he refers to the structure of artifacts that in turn shape our behaviors and mindsets. Also,pheromones are often said to be "information" in this sense.

As a property in physics[edit]

Main article: Physical information
Information has a well-defined meaning in physics. In 2003 J. D. Bekenstein claimed that a growing trend in physics was to define the physical world as being made up of information itself (and thus information is defined in this way) (see Digital physics). Examples of this include the phenomenon of quantum entanglement, where particles can interact without reference to their separation or the speed of light. Material information itself cannot travel faster than light even if that information is transmitted indirectly. This could lead to all attempts at physically observing a particle with an "entangled" relationship to another being slowed down, even though the particles are not connected in any other way other than by the information they carry.
The mathematical universe hypothesis suggests a new paradigm, in which virtually everything, from particles and fields, through biological entities and consciousness, to themultiverse itself, could be described by mathematical patterns of information. By the same token, the cosmic void can be conceived of as the absence of material information in space (setting aside the virtual particles that pop in and out of existence due to quantum fluctuations, as well as the gravitational field and the dark energy). Nothingness can be understood then as that within which no space, time, energy, matter, or any other type of information could exist, which would be possible if symmetry and structure break within the manifold of the multiverse (i.e. the manifold would have tears or holes).
Another link is demonstrated by the Maxwell's demon thought experiment. In this experiment, a direct relationship between information and another physical property, entropy, is demonstrated. A consequence is that it is impossible to destroy information without increasing the entropy of a system; in practical terms this often means generating heat. Another more philosophical outcome is that information could be thought of as interchangeable with energy. Toyabe et al. experimentally showed in nature that information can be converted into work.[12] Thus, in the study of logic gates, the theoretical lower bound of thermal energy released by an AND gate is higher than for the NOT gate (because information is destroyed in an AND gate and simply converted in a NOT gate). Physical information is of particular importance in the theory of quantum computers.
In Thermodynamics, information is any kind of event that affects the state of a dynamic system that can interpret the information.

The application of information study[edit]

The information cycle (addressed as a whole or in its distinct components) is of great concern to Information TechnologyInformation Systems, as well as Information Science. These fields deal with those processes and techniques pertaining to information capture (through sensors) and generation (through computation), processing (including encoding, encryption, compression, packaging), transmission (including all telecommunication methods), presentation (including visualization / display methods), storage(including magnetic, optical, holographic methods), etc. Information does not cease to exist, it may only get scrambled beyond any possibility of retrieval (within Information Theory, see lossy compression, for example; while in Physics, the black hole information paradox gets solved with the aid of the holographic principle).
Information Visualization (shortened as InfoVis) depends on the computation and digital representation of data, and assists users in pattern recognition and anomaly detection.
Information Security (shortened as InfoSec) is the ongoing process of exercising due diligence to protect information, and information systems, from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, destruction, modification, disruption or distribution, through algorithms and procedures focused on monitoring and detection, as well as incident response and repair.
Information Analysis is the process of inspecting, transforming, and modelling information, by converting raw data into actionable knowledge, in support of the decision-making process.
Information Communication represents the convergence of informatics, telecommunication and audio-visual media & content.

Technologically mediated information[edit]

It is estimated that the world's technological capacity to store information grew from 2.6 (optimally compressed) exabytes in 1986 – which is the informational equivalent to less than one 730-MB CD-ROM per person (539 MB per person) – to 295 (optimally compressed) exabytes in 2007.[13] This is the informational equivalent of almost 61 CD-ROM per person in 2007.[14]
The world’s combined technological capacity to receive information through one-way broadcast networks was the informational equivalent of 174 newspapers per person per day in 2007.[13]
The world's combined effective capacity to exchange information through two-way telecommunication networks was the informational equivalent of 6 newspapers per person per day in 2007.[14]

As records[edit]

Records are specialized forms of information. Essentially, records are information produced consciously or as by-products of business activities or transactions and retained because of their value. Primarily, their value is as evidence of the activities of the organization but they may also be retained for their informational value. Sound records management ensures that the integrity of records is preserved for as long as they are required.
The international standard on records management, ISO 15489, defines records as "information created, received, and maintained as evidence and information by an organization or person, in pursuance of legal obligations or in the transaction of business". The International Committee on Archives (ICA) Committee on electronic records defined a record as, "a specific piece of recorded information generated, collected or received in the initiation, conduct or completion of an activity and that comprises sufficient content, context and structure to provide proof or evidence of that activity".
Records may be maintained to retain corporate memory of the organization or to meet legal, fiscal or accountability requirements imposed on the organization. Willis (2005) expressed the view that sound management of business records and information delivered "...six key requirements for good corporate governance...transparency; accountability; due process; compliance; meeting statutory and common law requirements; and security of personal and corporate information."


Beynon-Davies[15][16] explains the multi-faceted concept of information in terms of signs and signal-sign systems. Signs themselves can be considered in terms of four inter-dependent levels, layers or branches of semiotics: pragmatics, semantics, syntax, and empirics. These four layers serve to connect the social world on the one hand with the physical or technical world on the other.
Pragmatics is concerned with the purpose of communication. Pragmatics links the issue of signs with the context within which signs are used. The focus of pragmatics is on the intentions of living agents underlying communicative behaviour. In other words, pragmatics link language to action.
Semantics is concerned with the meaning of a message conveyed in a communicative act. Semantics considers the content of communication. Semantics is the study of the meaning of signs - the association between signs and behaviour. Semantics can be considered as the study of the link between symbols and their referents or concepts – particularly the way in which signs relate to human behavior.
Syntax is concerned with the formalism used to represent a message. Syntax as an area studies the form of communication in terms of the logic and grammar of sign systems. Syntax is devoted to the study of the form rather than the content of signs and sign-systems.
Empirics[17] is the study of the signals used to carry a message; the physical characteristics of the medium of communication. Empirics is devoted to the study of communication channels and their characteristics, e.g., sound, light, electronic transmission etc..
Nielsen (2008) discusses the relationship between semiotics and information in relation to dictionaries. The concept of lexicographic information costs is introduced and refers to the efforts users of dictionaries need to make in order to, first, find the data sought and, secondly, understand the data so that they can generate information.
Communication normally exists within the context of some social situation. The social situation sets the context for the intentions conveyed (pragmatics) and the form in which communication takes place. In a communicative situation intentions are expressed through messages which comprise collections of inter-related signs taken from a language which is mutually understood by the agents involved in the communication. Mutual understanding implies that agents involved understand the chosen language in terms of its agreed syntax (syntactics) and semantics. The sender codes the message in the language and sends the message as signals along some communication channel (empirics). The chosen communication channel will have inherent properties which determine outcomes such as the speed with which communication can take place and over what distance.