Tuesday, May 3, 2016
Tell The Men That There Is No Worry As I Will This Simpicity As Not Complex For In that Phrase Its Just And Prose Making Words To Place With Chose, Muse See Um.
There are these Ink leans that Tattoo a Per Suns stance to Moon Shine,
the glance of stride to that Chest a Marrow is more than I wish to chaise,
lunge the Mind to good Ole brine and Sweat Tours are this Ven. Chored,
to bring the presence to a cent is to know that Timed before the after got a Key^ole,
boats and rose a flower charm to grave enhanced my calm more,
this chance of froze Zen to this Branch is just a letter danced.
Be good to Won another when as Time is of The Ages,
brains on torn to skulls and starve the food of each is brans lei`d,
string that memory to decade Berth of 1960's trembling Skeet,
people bore the drill to streets than at homes it slammed the Door and screech Awls than were Maid!!
To each a Feather macaroni glue with dough Knots to the rise,
a cushion pen to write the scene is just my way to Wave the oh shin in an eh pea be of given,
for had I not been Frank today than my own failing would state to spine,
for this the try has been to say that what is is and that makes Biz. for those that grate the Vine,
grapes of stride to long dawn Morn. the ankles depth to short skits stormed,
I am tired and that is truth so this is written with my sku,
the cost of what is treasure to I has not had one mention Hi,
for that I say for I at least the Golden Gate Park Police,
gave me warmth of kind in days by knowing that my scared was raised.
No formal words did spare the air,
their language came from steady land,
I was not made sick to my stomach,
I was not green from puke and vomit,
I was not made to feel fear just understood that discipline clear,
for that a great and thank you for the Gentlemen that brought this sound,
for had the term gone straight to slate these words would have been in the splint.
Lest The Park Beget A Grain The Oath Of Only Exit Paddle, From Man To See The Very Able A Call To More Than Hugs And Banter!!!
The Elephants spoke on the Cool Fawn due as the dough burr Men ran to rugged,
Human it tea left the sauce Sir rinsed ask that shoulder did the Big Boom Tier,
as the Xing nigh yield,
signals went to the rein,
a saddle be lane to charts on the Flame as the Eternal and Infinite Sky light,
thunder speaking Kneeing??,
no it Twas the Hour,
those standing drew,
the Fall len shattered Glass,
screens scope shed tools as the app. poles grant!!
Then atop the lap of Computers Rigged for mat,
Man said slowly that led was Rye Fulls lamp,
pro pain hurt in and bye demand,
that footprint looked to know,
its the salts of sands Earth.
Each pass sing day lyricists rumbled words like the letters gave priced,
placing each the alphabet ramped to heave the turf of learned,
a Tiepin gave pause,
the cufflink asked Quest,
does the length of girth equate to planets out Sides??
Small ones corked a message broken at the beet,
toe mate tows hitched gave leave to this as People go the Means,
granite piping on Suits reminded Memory of lept,
and at the moment of a dial Solar System said silence gave to bet Tour on the hooves.
150,000-Year-Old Pipes Baffle Scientists in China: Out of Place in Time?
By Tara MacIsaac, Epoch Times
Oopart (out of place artifact) is a term applied to dozens of prehistoric objects found in various places around the world that seem to show a level of technological advancement incongruous with the times in which they were made. Ooparts often frustrate conventional scientists, delight adventurous investigators open to alternative theories, and spark debate.
In a mysterious pyramid in China’s Qinghai Province near Mount Baigong are three caves filled with pipes leading to a nearby salt-water lake. There are also pipes under the lake bed and on the shore. The iron pipes range in size, with some smaller than a toothpick. The strangest part is that they may be about 150,000 years old. Dating done by the Beijing Institute of Geology. . . see more at: http://www.ancient-origins.net/ancient-technology/150000-year-old-pipes-baffle-scientists-china-out-place-time-001783?nopaging=1#sthash.wP9V4oMU.dpuf
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"OOPArts" redirects here. For The Pillows' album, see OOPArts (album). For the SYUN album, see OOPARTS (SYUN album).
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Out-of-place artifact (OOPArt) is a term coined by American naturalist and cryptozoologist Ivan T. Sanderson for an object of historical, archaeological, or paleontological interest found in a very unusual or seemingly impossible context that could challenge conventional historical chronology by being "too advanced" for the level of civilization that existed at the time, or showing "human presence" well before humans were supposed to exist.
The term "out-of-place artifact" is rarely used by historians or scientists. Its use is largely confined to cryptozoologists, proponents of ancient astronaut theories, Young Earth creationists, and paranormal enthusiasts. The term is used to describe a wide variety of objects, from anomalies studied by mainstream science and pseudoarchaeology far outside the mainstream to objects that have been shown to be hoaxes or to have mundane explanations.
Critics argue that most purported OOPArts which are not hoaxes are the result of mistaken interpretation, wishful thinking, or a mistaken belief that a particular culture couldn't have created an artifact or technology due to a lack of knowledge or materials. Supporters regard OOPArts as evidence that mainstream science is overlooking huge areas of knowledge, either willfully or through ignorance.
In some cases, the uncertainty results from inaccurate descriptions. For example: the Wolfsegg Iron was said to be a perfect cube, but in fact it is not; the Klerksdorp sphereswere said to be perfect spheres, but they are not; and the Iron pillar of Delhi was said to be "rust proof", but it has some rust near its base.
Many writers or researchers who question conventional views of human history have used purported OOPArts in attempts to bolster their arguments. Creation Science relies on allegedly anomalous finds in the archaeological record to challenge scientific chronologies and models of human evolution. Claimed OOPArts have been used to support religious descriptions of pre-history, ancient astronaut theories, and the notion of vanished civilizations that possessed knowledge or technology more advanced than that of modern times.
The following are examples of objects that have been argued by various fringe authors (see list) to have been OOPArts:
A minority of alleged OOPARTs are at least debatably unusual within the scientific mainstream, although not impossible for their time period.
- Antikythera mechanism: Its clockwork-like appearance, dating to about 1,000 years before clocks were invented, has been claimed by fringe sources to be evidence of alien visitation, and authors such as Zecharia Sitchin argue that this artifact is a product "not of Man, but of the gods". However, mainstream scientists consider the Antikythera mechanism to be a form of mechanical computer created around 150–100 BCE based on the theories of astronomy and mathematics developed by the ancient Greeks. Its design and workmanship reflect a previously unknown, but not implausible, degree of sophistication.
- Maine penny: Some authors argue the 11th-century Norse coin found in a Native American shell midden in Maine, United States is evidence of direct contact between Vikingsand Native Americans in Maine. Mainstream belief is that it was brought to Maine from Labrador or Newfoundland via an extensive northern native trade network. Over 20,000 objects were found over a 15-year period at the Goddard Site in Brooklin, Maine. The sole non-Native artifact was the coin.
- Baghdad Battery: Vase and rods made in Parthian or Sassanid Persia. May have been used as a galvanic cell for electroplating, though no electroplated artifacts from this era have been found.
- Dorchester Pot: A metal pot claimed to have been blasted out of solid rock in 1852.
- Kingoodie artifact: An object resembling a corroded nail, said to have been encased in solid rock
- Lake Winnipesaukee mystery stone: Originally thought to be a record of a treaty between tribes, subsequent analysis has called its authenticity into question.
- Tecaxic-Calixtlahuaca head: A terracotta offering head seemingly of Roman appearance, found beneath three intact floors of a Pre-Columbian burial site in Mexico, dated between 1476 and 1510. However, the artifact has been determined to be older and ancient Roman provenance has not been excluded.
- Abydos helicopter: A pareidolia based on palimpsest carving in an ancient Egyptian temple.
- Baalbek megaliths: Supposedly impossible to move with Bronze Age technology.
- Dendera Lamps: Supposed to depict light bulbs, but made in Ptolemaic Egypt.
- Iron Man (Eiserner Mann): An old iron pillar, said to be a unique oddity in Central Europe.
- The Hidden character stone, a Chinese petroglyph.
- Iron pillar of Delhi: Supposedly demonstrates more advanced metallurgy than was available in 1st millennium India.
- The "London Hammer", also known as the "London Artifact", hammer made of iron and wood that was found in London, Texas in 1936. Part of the hammer is embedded in a limy rock concretion.
- Nazca Lines: Supposedly impossible to design without the aid of an aerial view.
- The Newark Holy Stones, used as extremely unlikely evidence that Hebrews lived in the Americas, but more probably a hoax.
- Pacal's sarcophagus lid: Described by Erich von Däniken as a depiction of a spaceship.
- Piri Reis map: Several ancient astronauts authors, and others such as Gavin Menzies and Charles Hapgood, suggested that this map, compiled by the Turkish admiral Piri Reis, shows Antarctica long before it was discovered.
- Quimbaya airplanes: Golden objects found in Colombia and made by Quimbaya civilization culture, they are supposed to represent modern airplanes. In the Gold Museum, Bogotá, they are described as figures of birds and insects.
- Saqqara Bird: Supposed to depict a glider, but made in Ancient Egypt.
- Shakōkidogū: Small humanoid and animal figurines made during the late Jōmon period (14,000–400 BCE) of prehistoric Japan, said to resemble extraterrestrial astronauts.
- Stone spheres of Costa Rica: Inaccurately described as being perfectly spherical, and therefore demonstrating greater stone-working skill than was present in pre-Columbian times.
Natural objects mistaken for artifacts
- Baigong Pipes: Their natural origins are challenged.
- Eltanin Antenna: Actually a sponge.
- Klerksdorp spheres: Actually Precambrian concretions.
Erroneously dated objects
- Coso artifact: Thought to be prehistoric; actually a 1920s spark plug.
- Malachite Man: Thought to be from the early Cretaceous; actually a post-Columbian burial.
- Wolfsegg Iron: Thought to be from the Tertiary epoch; actually from an early mining operation. Inaccurately described as a perfect cube.
Modern-day creations, forgeries & hoaxes
- Acámbaro figures: Mid-20th century figurines of dinosaurs, attributed by Waldemar Julsrud to an ancient society.
- Crystal skulls: Supposedly demonstrate more advanced stone-cutting skill than was present in pre-Columbian South America. Appear to have been made in the 19th century.
- Ica stones: Depict Inca dinosaur-hunters, surgery, and other modern or fanciful topics. Collected by Javier Cabrera Darquea, who believed them to be prehistoric.
- Kensington Runestone: Purports to have been made by 15th century descendents of Leif Ericson's colony. Generally believed to be a modern-day hoax.
- The Michigan relics, forged, supposedly ancient artifacts that were supposed to prove that people of an ancient Near Eastern culture had lived in Michigan, USA.
- The Tucson artifacts, another hoax.
- The Calaveras Skull, an admitted hoax.
- Los Lunas Decalogue Stone: Supposedly made by Pre-Columbian Israelite visitors to the Americas. Generally believed to be a modern-day hoax.
- Dropa stones: Popularized by David Gamon (as David Agamon) as part of his false document Sungods in Exile.
People put pain on the plates of shoulders that package the gift as a truth of the turf on earth,
that is the swallow of what is the fax,
comes with the file on the Human Mile that inch by Stocked,
to that is the Trailer a lit Toll story.
The grown made lathe to shingle Cob steel,
hardened the muscle to touch the bridle with stain less steal,
bit and shy knee grasped the torques that harnessed the girth with bar lead,
every daze E! spoke.
Wheels went round and Rounds,
pounds not understood as it was the American Mint Tin,
coins dropping paint dry E!'ing National News on the glow Bowl fluids,
english language fell to the act know rim,
yet Tea sorted the Fee^lean and that is Win the edge of knows Trow Dom is as the Ban Day`d.
B.D.S.M. came a lawn,
the grass E! knoll was the ABC, NBC and CBS Ain cores,
shoveling the words to shock chord owe but for the Tucks.
Saw deed on the Term,
it was that phone on the cold derm,
just a blogger I heard,
panes to violin with a stile of rosin bow`d with a hoarse,
it is the dance of the dance sing bares.
Rollers on the Glib,
chute Ten your life to do It a wrest.
Guitar Blues finding the evident lathe,
however belief is not the Men it its the Face Show Wool,
never did the lisp state a treasure read??,
no 'cause thats all ways preference with the neigh^lean.
The Mist Left Hands On Hip With Slight Twisted For the Watch Was On The Cloud Via A Knew Roles Ride!!!
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the signalling device. For other uses, see Heliograph (disambiguation).
A heliograph (Greek: Ἥλιος helios, meaning "sun", and γραφειν graphein, meaning "write") is a wireless solar telegraph that signals by flashes of sunlight (generally using Morse code) reflected by a mirror. The flashes are produced by momentarily pivoting the mirror, or by interrupting the beam with a shutter. The heliograph was a simple but effective instrument for instantaneous optical communication over long distances during the late 19th and early 20th century. Its main uses were military, survey and forest protection work. Heliographs were standard issue in the British and Australian armies until the 1960s, and were used by the Pakistani army as late as 1975.
There were many heliograph types. Most heliographs were variants of the British Army Mance Mark V version (Fig.1). It used a mirror with a small unsilvered spot in the centre. The sender aligned the heliograph to the target by looking at the reflected target in the mirror and moving his head until the target was hidden by the unsilvered spot. Keeping his head still, he then adjusted the aiming rod so its cross wires bisected the target. He then turned up the sighting vane, which covered the cross wires with a diagram of a cross, and aligned the mirror with the tangent and elevation screws so the small shadow that was the reflection of the unsilvered spot hole was on the cross target. This indicated that the sunbeam was pointing at the target. The flashes were produced by a keying mechanism that tilted the mirror up a few degrees at the push of a lever at the back of the instrument. If the sun was in front of the sender, its rays were reflected directly from this mirror to the receiving station. If the sun was behind the sender, the sighting rod was replaced by a second mirror, to capture the sunlight from the main mirror and reflect it to the receiving station. The U. S. Signal Corps heliograph mirror did not tilt. This type produced flashes by a shutter mounted on a second tripod (Fig 4).
The heliograph had some great advantages. It allowed long distance communication without a fixed infrastructure, though it could also be linked to make a fixed network extending for hundreds of miles, as in the fort-to-fort network used for the Geronimo campaign. It was very portable, did not require any power source, and was relatively secure since it was invisible to those not near the axis of operation, and the beam was very narrow, spreading only 50 feet per mile of range. However, anyone in the beam with the correct knowledge could intercept signals without being detected. In the Boer War, where both sides used heliographs, tubes were sometimes used to decrease the dispersion of the beam. In some other circumstances, though, a narrow beam made it difficult to stay aligned with a moving target, as when communicating from shore to a moving ship, so the British issued a dispersing lens to broaden the heliograph beam from its natural diameter of 0.5 degrees to 15 degrees
The distance that heliograph signals could be seen depended on the clarity of the sky and the size of the mirrors used. A clear line of sight was required, and since the Earth's surface is curved, the highest convenient points were used. Under ordinary conditions, a flash could be seen 30 miles (48 km) with the naked eye, and much farther with atelescope. The maximum range was considered to be 10 miles for each inch of mirror diameter. Mirrors ranged from 1.5 inches to 12 inches or more. The record distance was established by a detachment of U.S. signal sergeants by the inter-operation of stations on Mount Ellen, Utah, and Mount Uncompahgre, Colorado, 183 miles (295 km) apart on September 17, 1894, with Signal Corps heliographs carrying mirrors only 8 inches square.
The German professor Carl Friedrich Gauss of the University of Göttingen developed and used a predecessor of the heliograph (theheliotrope) in 1821. His device directed a controlled beam of sunlight to a distant station to be used as a marker for geodetic survey work, and was suggested as a means of telegraphic communications. This is the first reliably documented heliographic device,despite much speculation about possible ancient incidents of sun-flash signalling, and the documented existence of other forms of ancient optical telegraphy.
For example, one author in 1919 chose to "hazard the theory" that the mainland signals Roman emperor Tiberius watched for fromCapri were mirror flashes, but admitted "there are no references in ancient writings to the use of signaling by mirrors", and that the documented means of ancient long-range visual telecommunications was by beacon fires and beacon smoke, not mirrors.
Similarly, the story that a shield was used as a heliograph at the Battle of Marathon is a modern myth, originating in the 1800s.Herodotus never mentioned any flash. What Herodutus did write was that someone was accused of having arranged to "hold up a shield as a signal". Suspicion grew in the 1900s that the flash theory was implausible. The conclusion after testing the theory was "Nobody flashed a shield at the Battle of Marathon".
In a letter dated 3 June 1778, John Norris, High Sheriff of Buckinghamshire, England, notes: "Did this day heliograph intelligence from Dr [Benjamin] Franklin in Paris to Wycombe". However there is little evidence that "heliograph" here is other than a misspelling of "holograph". The term "heliograph" for solar telegraphy did not enter the English language until the 1870s - even the word "telegraphy" was not coined until the 1790s.
Henry Christopher Mance (1840–1926), of the British Government Persian Gulf Telegraph Department, developed the first widely accepted heliograph about 1869 while stationed at Karachi, in the Bombay Presidency in British India. Mance was familiar with heliotropes by their use for the Great India Survey. The Mance Heliograph was operated easily by one man, and since it weighed about seven pounds, the operator could readily carry the device and its tripod. The British Army tested the heliograph in India at a range of 35 miles with favorable results. During the Jowaki Afridi expedition sent by the British-Indian government in 1877, the heliograph was first tested in war.
The simple and effective instrument that Mance invented was to be an important part of military communications for more than 60 years. The usefulness of heliographs was limited to daytimes with strong sunlight, but they were the most powerful type of visual signalling device known. In pre-radio times heliography was often the only means of communication that could span ranges of as much as 100 miles with a lightweight portable instrument.
In the United States military, by January 1880, Colonel Nelson A. Miles had established a line of heliographs connecting Fort Keogh and Fort Custer, Montana, a distance of 140 miles. In 1890, Major W. J. Volkmar of the US Army, demonstrated in Arizona and New Mexicothe possibility of performing communication by heliograph over a heliograph network aggregating 2,000 miles in length. The network of communication begun by General Miles in 1886, and continued by Lieutenant W. A. Glassford, was perfected in 1889 at ranges of 85, 88, 95, and 125 miles over a rugged and broken country, which was the stronghold of the Apache and other hostile Indian tribes.
By 1887, heliographs in use included not only the British Mance and Begbie heliographs, but also the American Grugan, Garner and Pursell heliographs. The Grugan and Pursell heliographs used shutters, and the others used movable mirrors operated by a finger key. The Mance, Grugam and Pursell heliographs used two tripods, and the others one. The signals could either be momentary flashes, or momentary obscurations. In 1888, the US Signal Service reviewed all of these devices, as well as the Finley Helio-Telegraph, and finding none completely suitable, developed the US Signal Service heliograph, a two-tripod, shutter-based machine of 13 7/8 lb. total weight, and ordered 100 for a total cost of $4,205. In 1893, the number of heliographs manufactured for the US Signal Service was 133.
The heyday of the heliograph was probably the Second Boer War in South Africa, where it was much used by both the British and the Boers. The terrain and climate, as well as the nature of the campaign, made heliography a logical choice. For night communications, the British used some large Aldis lamps, brought inland on railroad cars, and equipped with leaf-type shutters for keying a beam of light into dots and dashes. During the early stages of the war, the British garrisons were besieged in Kimberley, Ladysmith, and Mafeking. With land telegraph lines cut, the only contact with the outside world was via light-beam communication, helio by day, and Aldis lamps at night.
In 1909, the use of heliography for forestry protection was introduced in the United States. By 1920 such use was widespread in the US and beginning in Canada, and the heliograph was regarded as "next to the telephone, the most useful communication device that is at present available for forest-protection services". D.P. Godwin of the US Forestry Service invented a very portable (4.5 lb) heliograph of the single-tripod, shutter plus mirror type for forestry use.
Immediately prior to the outbreak of World War I, the cavalry regiments of the Russian Imperial Army were still being trained in heliograph communications to augment the efficiency of their scouting and reporting roles. The Red Army during the Russian Civil War made use of a series of heliograph stations to disseminate intelligence efficiently about basmachi rebel movements in Turkestan in 1926.
During World War II, South African and Australian forces used the heliograph against German forces in Libya and Egypt in 1941 and 1942.
The heliograph remained standard equipment for military signallers in the Australian and British armies until the 1960s, where it was considered a "low probability of intercept" type of communication. The Canadian Army was the last major army to have the heliograph as an issue item. By the time the mirror instruments were retired, they were seldom used for signalling. However, as recently as the 1980s, heliographs were used by Afghan forces during the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. Signal mirrors are still included insurvival kits for emergency signaling to search and rescue aircraft.
Most heliographs of the 19th and 20th century were completely manual. The steps of aligning the heliograph on the target, co-aligning the reflected sunbeam with the heliograph, maintaining the sunbeam alignment as the sun moved, transcribing the message into flashes, modulating the sunbeam into those flashes, detecting the flashes at the receiving end, and transcribing the flashes into the message, were all manual steps. One notable exception – many French heliographs used clockwork heliostats to automatically steer out the sun's motion. By 1884, all active units of the "Mangin apparatus" (a dual-mode French military field optical telegraph that could use either lantern or sunlight) were equipped with clockwork heliostats. The Mangin apparatus with heliostat was still in service in 1917. Proposals to automate both the modulation of the sunbeam (by clockwork) and the detection (by electrical selenium photodetectors, or photographic means) date back to at least 1882. In 1961, the US Air Force was working on a space heliograph to signal between satellites
In May 2012, "Solar Beacon" robotic mirrors designed at UC Berkeley were mounted on the towers of the Golden Gate bridge, and a web site set up where the public could schedule times for the mirrors to signal with sun-flashes, entering the time and their latitude, longitude and altitude. The solar beacons were later moved to Sather Tower at UC Berkeley. By June 2012, the public could specify a "custom show" of up to 32 "on" or "off" periods of 4 seconds each, permitting the transmission of a few characters of Morse Code. The designer described the Solar Beacon as a "heliostat", not a "heliograph".
The first digitally controlled heliograph was designed and built in 2015. It was a semi-finalist in the Broadcom MASTERS competition.
Heliographs in fiction
- Rudyard Kipling's humorous poem "A Code of Morals" describes a fictional interception of a heliograph signal in 19th century India.
- In Enid Blyton's sixth novel in her Famous Five series, Five on Kirrin Island Again (1947), Quentin, George's scientist father and the uncle of Julian, Dick and Anne uses heliography to signal to his family from Kirrin Island where he is conducting experiments.
- In the book The War of the Worlds by H. G. Wells (1898), heliographs are used to convey information about the invading Martians.
- The short story "The Attack on the Mountain" by Glendon Swarthout, in The Saturday Evening Post, July 4, 1959, described the use of the heliograph in the American West.
- The 2004 Western novel The Sergeant's Lady by Miles Hood Swarthout is set against the background of the heliograph network used in the U.S. Army campaign against theApache Indians.
- In the 2010 science fiction novel Terminal World by Alastair Reynolds, the faction of people known as 'Swarm' use heliographs as communication between airships.
- In Robert Penn Warren's All the King's Men, a heliograph serves as an important image and appears early—on the second page of the novel.
- In Agatha Christie's 1947 novel The Labours of Hercules from the short story "The Erymanthian Boar" detective Hercule Poirot uses a heliograph to communicate from the top of Rochers Neiges where he is trapped to the police at the mountain's base.
- In Larry Niven's Ringworld series, revealed in The Ringworld Throne, the Ghoul species use heliographs for their vast communication network across the Ringworld.
- Also, Niven's book The Smoke Ring, the Admiralty Navy uses heliographs to communicate with its rocket ships.
- In the role-playing game Space: 1889, the Great Powers communicate with their colonial possessions on the inner planets of the Solar System by means of "orbiting heliograph stations".
- In The Adventures of Tintin comic The Red Sea Sharks, the US.. Navy communicates by heliograph to antagonist Rastapopoulos aboard a passenger liner. Tintin had earlier signalled the same liner while shipwrecked using a hand mirror.
- In "Cast Away", Chuck Nolan (Tom Hanks) uses a makeshift heliograph to try to signal a passing ship from his island in Morse Code, shouting the code as he signaled the code, "SOS."
- In the television series Lost, Benjamin Linus signals his people using a heliograph in the episode "There's No Place Like Home (Part 1)".
- In the Agatha Christie novel And Then There Were None, Lombard suggests creating a heliograph to contact the mainland.
- The books Matter and Feersum Endjinn by Iain M. Banks both feature several instances of heliographic communication.
- The Realm, the central empire in the world of the roleplaying game Exalted, possesses an elaborate heliograph network.
- In the 2010 film, How I Ended This Summer, set at an old meteorological station on a remote island in the Arctic, a heliograph is used to send data.