The Beauty of Fields sway asked gentle Wind to breeze,
ever are The Graces leap to know that breadth of tired,
days will call to earth as cloud's be well design,
flown to sky the Ocean Sired the mirror reflections craved.
Canyons Dawn the Time,
skating realm of History,
naturally a River flows,
each grasp of Water's Planned,
a Rain finds the Journey from to what is Tears of Loved,
the Seasons gave our Human Ways a place to know of Made!!
Dear Principle Nun,
a question barrel's to displaced?,
nigh the horror to what is a Letter with spelling,
for without a Chesterfield the Church hill would file,
rank the smight.
Why would the word 'ignore' addition to 'ignorance'? Is in the honesty truth of simply 'i' before 'e' except after 'c' (see??). As the word 'except' and 'see' (c) would make "I before E, except after C" a rude statement then?
i.e. "This country has a declining Economy. Food is a luxury, gas a convenience in-order to stretch the map to farther towns/cities/States, clothes a luxury, shoes a convenience, food an addiction and to my knowledge Sugar is a spare necessity from the State of Hawaii only, cigarettes an economy driver, not a luxury, not a convenience, not an addiction rather a decide to everyday sync a minimum of 'X' amount of dollars in order for our economy to survive these Times where the citizen does not get it. Due to the ignorance in the United States of America and as the rest of the World is well-versed in economic's this on product has been a quote unquote tariff expunged upon our nation by the World at-large. The rest is self explanatory."
I before E except after C
- ie in believe, fierce, collie, die, friend
- ei after c in receive, ceiling, receipt, ceilidh
- ie after c: species, science, sufficient
- ei not preceded by c: seize, vein, weird, their, feisty, foreign
- excluding cases where the spelling represents the "long a"[n 1] sound (the lexical sets of FACE // and perhaps SQUARE //). This is commonly expressed by continuing the rhyme "or when sounding like A, as in neighbor or weigh"
- including only cases where the spelling represents the "long e"[n 1] sound (the lexical sets of FLEECE // and perhaps NEAR // and happY //).
History of the spellings
History of the mnemonic
- The following rhymes contain the substance of the last three rules : —
- i before e,
- Except after c,
- Or when sounded as "a,"
- As in neighbour and weigh.
- Its practical use is ... simply deciding between two correspondences for /iː/ that are a visual metathesis of each other. It is not a general graphotactic rule applicable to other phonemes. So, although seize and heinous (if you pronounce it with /iː/ rather than /eɪ/) are exceptions, heifer, leisure with /e/≡
or rein, vein with /eɪ/≡ are not exceptions; is not a usual spelling of /e/ or /eɪ/.
- Such rules are warnings against common pitfalls for the unwary. Nevertheless, selection among competing correspondences has never been, and could never be, covered by such aids to memory.
- Children investigate the rule i before e except after c. Does this always apply? What sound does ie make in these words?
- The i before e except after c rule is not worth teaching. It applies only to words in which the ie or ei stands for a clear /ee/ sound and unless this is known, words such as sufficient, veil and their look like exceptions. There are so few words where the ei spelling for the /ee/ sound follows the letter c that it is easier to learn the specific words: receive, conceive, deceive (+ the related words receipt, conceit, deceit), perceive and ceiling.
With the "long e" vowel
With other sounds
- Adding suffix -er to root in -cy, giving a two-syllable ending -cier; For example, fancier (adjective "more fancy", or noun "one who fancies")
- Words of Latin origin with a root ending in c(i) followed by a suffix or inflexion starting in (i)e; such as
- Others: ancient, concierge, glacier
ei not preceded by c
With the "long e" vowel
- Many proper names, often because they are adopted from other languages. Fowler says the rule "is useless with proper names"; Carney says "As one might expect of any rule, there are likely to be even more exceptions in names, many of which are Scottish":
- Chemical names ending in -ein or -eine (caffeine, casein, codeine, phthalein, protein, etc.). Here -ein(e) was originally pronounced as two syllables /iː.ɪn/
- Scottish English words (deil, deid, weill, etc.) Mark Wainwright writes "There are many exceptions in Scots, so speakers with a large Scots vocabulary may as well give up on this rule."
- /iː/ FLEECE
- either*, heinous*, inveigle*, keister, leisure*, monteith, neither*, obeisance*, seize, seizin, sheikh*, teiid
- /ɪər/ NEAR
- madeira, weir, weird. (This sound may also be spelled ier, as in pierce.)
With the "long a" vowel
- /eɪ/ FACE
- With eigh spelling: eight, freight, heigh-ho*, inveigh, neigh, neighbo(u)r, sleigh, weigh
- Others: abseil, beige, capoeira, cleidoic, deign, dreidel, feign, feint, geisha, glei, greige, greisen, heinous*, inveigle*, nonpareil*, obeisance*, peignoir*, reign, rein, seiche, seidel, seine, sheikh*, skein, surveillance, veil, vein. (While Carney says this sound is never spelled ie, the last vowel in lingerie* is often the FACE vowel.).
- /ɛər/ SQUARE
- heir, their. (This sound is never spelled ier)
With other sounds
- /aɪ/ PRICE
- eider, either*, einsteinium, feisty, gneiss, heigh-ho*, height, heist, kaleidoscope, leitmotiv, neither*, Rottweiler, seismic, sleight, stein, zeitgeist. (This sound may also be spelled ie, but only at the end of a morpheme as in die, pies, cried.)
- /ɪ/ or /ə/ (see weak-vowel merger)
- counterfeit, foreign, forfeit, reveille*, sovereign, surfeit
- /ɛ/ DRESS
- heifer, leisure*, nonpareil*, peignoir*. (This sound is spelled ie in the word friend.)
- /æ/ TRAP
- /ɜ/ NURSE
- e and i in separate segments (and often separate syllables or morphemes)
- Prefixes de- or re- before words starting with i (deindustrialize, reignite, etc.)
- Inflection -ing of those verbs with roots ending in -e which do not drop the e (being, seeing, swingeing, etc.)
- Others: albeit, atheism, deify, deity, herein, nuclei, onomatopoeia