Thursday, December 31, 2015

What Is A Drawing Room In The Country That Knows Construction Maintains A Priced??

What is the Truth of berth to Harbor,
the pier of that is the pilings?? on the once upon on dressage court of letters on the Games??,
an Olympic Torch to be the Compass of Composition touching the Meddle??,
is trip to journey the Journal of that At hand??
a Hofbrau??,
the roast beef??,
the staff on that particular daisy of the chain once the Haight??,
sew the fiber on the bread??,
beads on the in sane??,
treasure to the pan door Awe??,
porches with the most enormous knockers??,
weighted buy the touch of Whom put to stride the opening??.

Nice to the greet and munch to the plumb,
hose to that the lawn or the Nylons or the process of watering the grass??
spouts on the bathing house to shower the flour with egg Soup skull at stands??
treats with Trick of Feather to quilts sheets on notes with cliff tangible bare??
trips to that free way on the gear a deli sand a which??
salami with the sour dough to know that Sal is also laughing playland at Mécanique??
slides with burr lap or is it the gunny sack on the I rack??

Steep are the Whistles to the Grow^Sir reed,
Marsh the Bog of a loggers driven by real People person Name Mr. White!!,
no the presence to the gift of why must the forest be a grove??,
that Mill or the labor of Work on the key??,
shall the dance Sing to tune??,
does the Radio blast or is the Television a Crone??,
wine in the barrel grapes on the vine??,
wares are the formal Introduction to three Sill a bulls??.

These do not dye the read to type the rider??,
should the Staircase at the Stare Case be of Library or in Cycle of the sike Lo Pea dee eh??,
does that Footman mark the Carriage or branch to that Rein??,
can snail be of a Trail??

Banana and Year to this Next nestle of the Cuddle to the English,
language From??,
to that is the Missing link In or On??,
corner fracture to the fracking??,
dives to digs the Ashbury to that Panhandle??,
blood banks on the Masonic??,
where hour is the minute on the Timer for the buzz ore of this simple Question,
is it as simple as the move ease??,
a Room^EAN House to the I in gee on the chalk let of the Out line of a Dam??

Curt see to that is the remember the Man,
the avenue of the division as the Ad diction to the thermal chills of this World on the strongs??,
now is it the a diction for the fact tore or the X marks the Spot Tier??,
sync Width of Cave to channel the black to value giant or giant value to that Snorri,
as the frames are glasses on the fill what say crowds on the signed??,
package of cheer or that Bar side Pool side of the que Stick figure Rean??

What Are The Notes To Singing In The Rain Should The Letter State Know??

11:14 AM ~ December 31st, 2015

Rules for Spelling

     Reduced to utmost and ultimate simplicity, the rules for good spelling are as
     1--If a word ends in a mute, the is dropped when a termination beginning with
a vowel is added: hope, hoping; true, truism; guide, guidance.  But note certain in-
stances in which e must be retained to hold the sense, as in dyeing, distinguished from
dying; singeing, distinguished from singing.  Also, there are complications as between
lineage, measurement by lines, and lineage, a line of descent.  In the former sense the
spelling linage has gained great popularity.
     2--A silent at the end of a word is retained when an ending beginning with
a consonant is added: hate, hateful; incite, incitement; move, movement.  Exceptions
occur when the silent e is preceded by a vowel, as in argue, argument.
    3--In monosyllables or words accented on the last syllable, a final consonant fol-
lowing a single vowel is doubled before endings that begin with a vowel: abel,
abetted; begin, beginning; wit, witty.  Words of this group ending in s show some
variations.  Thus we have gas, gassy, but gaseous.  When the accent is thrown back,
in the derivative form, the consonant is not doubled.  Thus we have preference, not
preferrence.  In British usage a final is doubled: traveller, kidnapping; but American
practice is quiet generally in favor of the single consonant, as in canceled, chiseling,
kidnaper, leveling, quarreled, reveling, traveler, worshiper.
     4--When a word ends in e. k  is added before and ending beginning with e, i, or
y, as in colic, colicky; traffic, trafficking; panic, panicky.
     5--When a word ends in a double consonant, this ending is commonly retained
in derivatives made by adding one or more syllables, as odd, oddly; ebb, ebbing; stiff,
stiffness.  But there is variant usage in connection with words ending double l,
as enroll, dull, skill, and along with enrollment, dullness, skillful we find enrolment,
dulness, skilful.  In adding -ly to a word ending in double l, two l's are used: dully.
     6--In forming derivatives of words ending in y preceded by a consonant, the y
is commonly changed to before any termination not beginning in i: dainty, daintily;
mercy, merciful; modify, modification.  Thus we have flying but flier; dryness but
drier.  Some do write drily, but the better usage is dryly.  As in all rules for English
spelling, it is necessary to note certain exceptions: day, daily; lay, laid; pay, paid;
say, said.  Some persons write stay and staid, but as we have as adjective in the
latter form it is generally considered better to write the verb stayed.  There is vari-
ance of usage also in derivatives of gay: gaily or gayly, gaiety or gayety.

     7--Where -ing is used to form derivatives from words ending in -ie, the being
dropped (Rule One), the changes to y: die, dying; tie, tying; vie, vying.  (Do not
confuse dying with dyeing, using dye.)
     8--When a syllable beginning with a vowel is added to a word having a vowel
ending, the vowel ending is generally retained: echo, echoing; woo, wooer.  The ex-
ceptions to this rule are simple and easily mastered: When the word ends in silent e,
the e is dropped before an ending that starts with e, as sue, sued; and when the stem
word ends in double e, only two e's appear in the derivative, as in agree, agreed.
     9--As a rule, noun and adjective from the same stem word in -ant or -ent have
the same vowel in the derivative: attendant, attendance; dependent, dependence.  In
determining whether the ending should be -ant or -ent, -ance or -ence, the student
of Latin has some advantage, for the forms are from Latin verbs of the first con-
jugation (-are), and the e forms go back to verbs in the other conjugations.  A curious
exception is in the noun confidant, which seems to conflict with the adjective form
confident and the abstract noun form confidence.  Confidant is taken straight from the
French; the verb confide and its derivatives trace back to the Latin verb confidere.

Variant Styles

     In some matters of spelling the student has choice of different usages, all supported
by good authority.  Anyone experiencing difficulty in making decisions will do well
to follow the dictionary, and look these words up until through repetition he has
formed the habit of correct spelling.  Keeping a pocket notebook with LISTS OF WORDS
in the different groups will supply the student with ready reference supplementary
to his use of the dictionary.
     First, the prefixes in and en, combining with verbs and their derivatives, may be
puzzling.  The former is Latin; the latter comes from the French.  Infold is now
more commonly used than enfold.  Where the meaning is unmistakably that of
in-ness, in is likely to be correct.  But it is to be borne in mind that there are many
words, like enchant, in which the prefix does not mean "in" but has merely an in-
tensive force.
     Usage is more firmly fixed with regard to -er and -re: theater, theatre.  Dr. Worcester
adopted the British form, -re; Webster gave common currency to -er.  But it is to
be noted that in some words the choice is not offered: acre, lucre, ogre.
     Similar to -er, -re are the -ise, -ize and -or, -our problems.  The -ise and -our spell-
ings, as in analyse and honour, are British.  American usage is heavily in favor of
the -or form, as in color, but is mixed on -ise, -ize.  We write  advertise, comprise,
disfranchise, exercise, supervise.  But in many words we give special force to the -ize
ending--principally where it is added to a whole word in familiar use, as Americanize,
circularize.  The -ize ending reflects the Greek, the -ise form comes from the French.
Criticize is now established in common American usage.  Glamour is a notable ex-
ception to the American practice of dropping the u in such word endings.  The u,
however, is omitted in the derivative glamorous.
     The world of science is doing some streamlining, simplifying its vocabulary.  Thus
-id and -in are used instead of -ide and -ine.
     Many changes from older forms have come about.  The letter is now dropped
from many words that used to carry it, as in mo(u)ld, ga(u)ge, sta(u)nch.
     Another group of words in which trouble is experienced by doubtful spellers is
made up of those in which some use a c and some an s.  Offense and defense are now
a quite general favor.  Some of us write practice for either noun or verb; others

write practise for all uses of the word, and some there are who still stick to the old
way of writing practice for the noun and practise for the verb.
     A similar division of custom is observable in plow, plough.

Spelling of Plurals

     Most English noun plurals are formed by adding -s to the singular: book, books;
indication, indications; track, tracks.  But there are many variations from this simple
     1--Some nouns ending in opreceded by a consonant, add -es for the plural:
cargoes, echoes, embargoes, mottoes, potatoes.
     2--Nouns ending in opreceded by another vowel, form the plural by adding -s:
cameos, folios.
     3--Nouns ending in a consonant not followed by silent e and having a sound to 
which simple -s is not easily affixed form the plural by adding -es.  These consonants
are especially j, s, x,s z, ch, sh.  Examples: churches, gases, losses, foxes.
     4--Words ending in a consonantal sound followed by silent e form their plurals
by adding -s: ages, fences, poses, mazes.
     5--Nouns that end in y, following a consonant, form the plural by changing y
to i and adding -es: army, armies; lady, ladies; mercy, mercies; sky, skies.  This rule
applies also to nouns ending in -quy, the having consonant value equivalent to w:
colloquy, colloquies.
     6--Nouns ending in following a vowel form the plural by adding -s: day, days;
key, keys.

Spelling of Irregular Plurals

    Some groups of irregular plurals are worthy of separate attention.  With but a
little study they can be mastered and tucked away in a corner of the mind, ready
for use when needed.  Lists jotted down in a pocket notebook would be helpful and
would pay a high rate of interest on time and effort invested.
     1--Nouns in which final f, fe, or ff changes to -ves: beef, beeves; elf, elves; knife,
knives; life, lives; self, selves.  Some nouns have alternative plural forms in different
senses, as staff, staffs or staves.  Usage varies in such words as hoof and roof, but
hoofs and roofs are more in favor than hooves and rooves.
     2--Some nouns form plurals by changing the central vowel sound, without adding
-s: foot, feet; man, men; mouse, mice; tooth, teeth; woman, women.  Here the student
can experience little difficulty; the one misleading factor is the danger of false anal-
ogy. The plural of moose is not meese.  The plural of talisman is not talismen.  The
list in the notebook should show the irregular forms, the exceptions.
     3--Nouns taken over from foreign languages offer a problem: Is it better to use
the plural of the original language, or swing over boldly into an English plural?
It is not possible to rule arbitrarily on entire groups; each word has to be deter-
mined individually and independently.  The criterion is the extent to which the word
has entered into the common vocabulary.  The man of science thinks and says
formulae; the ordinary writer, accepting the word as ordinary English, makes the
plural formulas.   Those who know some Greek are apt to write automata; but autom-
atons is a convenient and perfectly satisfactory form for the multitudes who do
not know Greek.  This dictionary favors English plurals for such words AS FAR AS
POSSIBLE, as: indexes rather than indices, matrixes rather than matrices.  An example
of a completely Anglicized foreign word is bandit.  We pluralize it as bandits; the
Italian plural, banditti, is called for only in rare and special instances.  No fixed rule
can be made for these foreign nouns; the dictionary user will find it well worth while
to give them a little close study.

Words Commonly Misspelled

Good Spelling Is an Asset

     The difficulties of English spelling are great enough to provide a strong alibi for
persons who are not willing to work to master them.  Accuracy in spelling is worth
working for.  Poor spelling is a liability, good spelling is an asset.  Nothing good is
likely to be gained without effort.
     The first service rendered by the dictionary is that of recording spellings.  They
are shown in the entries, the first thing seen by the consultant.  And they are always
in display type; prominent, easy to find.  In the matter of reference frequency, spell-
ing no doubt far surpasses pronunciation and even definition.
    To the user of this dictionary we comment the practice of habitual notice of spell-
ings.  Instead of merely using the book to check an occasional puzzling spelling, be
spelling-conscious; notice and carefully record in the mind two or three spellings each
time the book is used.  Form the habit of SYSTEMATIZING  the information thus ac-
quired.  Make your dictionary give you full service.  This is the way to master the
art of spelling.



Managing Editor


Author of Self-Education Department and Associate Editor;
Editor "The Home University Encyclopedia," "New American Encyclopedia,"
author of "Vital English"

Simplified Self-Education Treatises on:


Illustrated -- Self-Pronouncing -- Synonyms -- Antonyms

This Dictionary is not published by the original pub-
lishers of Webster's Dictionary, or by their successors

B O O K S,   I N C .

B O O K S,   I N C .