International Fixed Calendar
|Days of the week||Leap Day|
on leap years,
or Year Day
|Matching dates on the Gregorian calendar|
|Starts on fixed day 1||Ends on fixed day 28 (or 29)|
|January||January 1||January 28|
|February||January 29||February 25|
|March||February 26||March 25*|
|April||March 26*||April 22*|
|May||April 23*||May 20*|
|June||May 21*||June 17*|
|June 17 (Leap Day)|
|Sol||June 18||July 15|
|July||July 16||August 12|
|August||August 13||September 9|
|September||September 10||October 7|
|October||October 8||November 4|
|November||November 5||December 2|
|December||December 3||December 30|
|December 31 (Year Day )|
- The subdivision of the year is very regular and systematic which eases statistics and annual organization:
- Every year has exactly 52 weeks divided in 13 months.
- Each month has exactly 28 days divided in 4 weeks.
- Every day of the month falls on the same weekday in each month—the 17th always falls on a Tuesday, for example.
- The calendar is the same every year (perennial), unlike the annual Gregorian calendar, which differs from year to year. Hence, scheduling is easier for institutions and industries with extended production cycles.
- Movable holidays celebrated on the nth certain weekday of a month, such as U.S. Thanksgiving day, would be able to have a fixed date while keeping their traditional weekday.
- Statistical comparisons by months are more accurate, since all months contain exactly the same number of business days and weekends; likewise for comparisons by 13-week quarters.
- Supporters of the International Fixed Calendar have argued that thirteen equal divisions of the year are superior to twelve unequal divisions in terms of monthly cash flow in the economy.
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- Thirteen, being prime, is not evenly divisible, putting all activities currently done on a quarterly basis out of alignment with the months; each quarter would be 13 weeks instead.
- Some Jewish, Christian, and Islamic groups[who?] have been historically opposed to the calendar because their tradition of worshiping every seventh day would result in either the day of the week of worship changing from year to year or eight days passing when Year Day or Leap Day occurs. Others[who?] have contended that Year Day and Leap Day could be counted as additional days of worship.
- Birthdays and other significant anniversaries may be recalculated as a result of a calendar reform and would always be on the same day of the week (of a given year). If the recalculated day is a weekend, it cannot be designated a holiday and causes difficulty in celebrating this day. This is readily solved by making the following weekday a holiday, as is often currently done when a holiday falls on a weekend during a given year.
History and background
Easter in Leap-week calendars
Determining Leap Weeks
|United States Senator|
July 7, 2009[note 1]
Serving with Amy Klobuchar
|Preceded by||Norm Coleman|
|Born||Alan Stuart Franken|
May 21, 1951
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Franni Bryson (m. 1975)|
|Education||Harvard University (BA)|
Early life and education
Saturday Night Live
Political activism prior to election
Sexual misconduct allegations
- Rush Limbaugh Is a Big Fat Idiot and Other Observations (Delacorte Press, 1996) ISBN 0-385-31474-4
- Why Not Me?: The Inside Story of the Making and Unmaking of the Franken Presidency (Delacorte Press, 1999) ISBN 0-385-31809-X
- Oh, the Things I Know!: A Guide to Success, or Failing That, Happiness (Plume Books, 2003) ISBN 0-452-28450-3
- Lies and the Lying Liars Who Tell Them: A Fair and Balanced Look at the Right (Dutton Books, 2003) ISBN 0-525-94764-7
- The Truth (With Jokes) (Dutton Books, 2005) ISBN 0-525-94906-2
- Al Franken, Giant of the Senate (Grand Central Publishing, 2017) ISBN 1455540412
|1976||Tunnel Vision||Yes||Role: Al|
|1977–1980||Saturday Night Live||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|1977||The Paul Simon Special||Yes|
|1978||All You Need is Cash||Yes||Role: Extra|
|1981||Grateful Dead: Dead Ahead||Yes||Concert video|
|1981||Steve Martin's Best Show Ever||Yes|
|1981||Bob and Ray, Jane, Laraine and Gilda||Yes|
|1983||Trading Places||Yes||Role: Baggage handler|
|1984||Franken and Davis at Stockton State||Yes|
|1984||The New Show||Yes|
|1986||Saturday Night Live||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|1986||One More Saturday Night||Yes||Yes||Role: Paul Flum|
|1988–1995||Saturday Night Live||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|1994||When a Man Loves a Woman||Yes|
|1995||Stuart Saves His Family||Yes||Yes||Role: Stuart Smalley|
|1997||3rd Rock from the Sun||Yes||Episode: "Dick the Vote"|
|1997||The Larry Sanders Show||Yes||Episode: "The Roast"|
|1998||From the Earth to the Moon||Yes||TV miniseries|
Role: Jerome Wiesner
|2004||Outfoxed||Yes||Role: Air America host|
|2004||The Manchurian Candidate||Yes|
|2004–2007||The Al Franken Show||Yes||Yes||Host of radio talk show|
|2004||Tanner on Tanner||Yes|
|2006||Al Franken: God Spoke||Yes||Documentary|
|Wikinews has related news: Minnesota court declares Franken winner; Coleman considers appeal|
|2008 Minnesota U.S. Senate Democratic–Farmer–Labor primary election|
|DFL||Priscilla Lord Faris||74,655||29.72%|
|Republican||Norm Coleman (incumbent)||1,212,317||41.983%|
|Margin of victory||312||0.011%|
|2014 Minnesota U.S. Senate Democratic–Farmer–Labor primary election|
|DFL||Al Franken (incumbent)||182,720||94.50%|
|DFL||Al Franken (incumbent)||1,053,205||53.15|
|Margin of victory||202,978||10.24%|